Fundamentals final

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Michelle25
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54194
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Fundamentals final
Updated:
2010-12-07 21:50:43
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  1. What is the proper position for a patient to be in when using a bedpan?
    Semi-Fowler's (This is the anatomical position for voiding)
  2. How many mL of urine should you obtain when collecting a clean-catch urine specimen?
    30-60 mL
  3. T or F
    When inserting a cathether you should ask the patient (male and female) to bear down as though she is trying to void and have her take slow, deep breaths until the initial discomfort is passed.
    True
  4. How often should an external condom catheter be changed?
    Every 24 hours.
  5. How often should an indwelling catheter collection bag be emptied?
    At least every 8 hours
  6. Which IM site is most preferred for adults and infants (safest and least painful)?
    Ventrogluteal site
  7. What is the preferred IM site for infants and children (can accommodate a larger volume)?
    vastus lateralis
  8. When giving an IM injection, you must always ______.
    ASPIRATE
  9. A subQ 3/8 needle injection needs to be injected at a ____ angle.
    90
  10. A subQ 5/8 needle injection needs to be injected at a ____ angle.
    45
  11. When mixing insulin, what is the saying to remember?
    Clear before cloudy
  12. Heparin is given ____ or ____.
    subQ or IV. DO NOT GIVE IM!
  13. 1 oz = ___ ml
    30
  14. 1 T = ___ mL
    15
  15. 1 cup = ____ mL
    240
  16. What sign is this?
    Traditional ionizing radiation sign
  17. What sign is this?
    International ionizing radiation sign
  18. In what order do you apply PPE?
    • Gown
    • Mask
    • Goggles
    • Gloves
  19. In what order do you remove PPE?
    • Gloves
    • Goggles
    • Gown
    • Mask
  20. What does RACE stand for?
    • Rescue
    • Activate
    • Confine
    • Extinguish
  21. _______: regular respirations but abnormally deep and increased in rate
    Kussmauls
  22. _______: varies from very deep to very shallow with periods of apnea
    Cheyne- Stokes
  23. _______: regular respirations with equal depth interrupted by periods of apnea
    Biots (cluster)
  24. how often should vital signs be taken?
    every 4 hrs
  25. ____: transfer of heat through currents of air or water (immersion in warm/cold bath)
    convection
  26. Hypertension is BP above ____ systolic or above ____ diastolic on 2 or more separate occasions.
    140 mmHG, 90 mmHg
  27. A BP cuff that is too large will lead to a ____ reading.
    low
  28. What 4 things do you document about respirations?
    Depth, rhythm, effort, movement
  29. During a pulse assessment, you palpate ____ pulses, and auscultate ___ pulse.
    peripheral, apical
  30. when does a temperature become bad?
    102.2 F
  31. What are the 3 phases of a fever?
    • onset (chilly)
    • Course
    • Defervescence
  32. what is the normal range for sodium?
    135-145 mEq/L
  33. What is the normal range for potassium?
    3.5-5.1 mEq/L
  34. What is the normal range for calcium?
    • 4.5-5.5 mEq/L
    • 9-11 mg/dL
  35. What is the normal range for magnesium?
    • 1.5-2.3 mEq/L
    • 1.8-2.6 mg/dL
  36. What is the normal range for chloride?
    96-106 mEq/L
  37. What is the normal range for phosphate?
    • 3.0-4.5 mg/ dl
    • 1.8-2.6 mEq/L
  38. 1 grain = ___ mg
    60
  39. 1 gram = ___ grains
    15
  40. 1 ml = ___ gtts
    15
  41. What is the normal range for urine specific gravity?
    1.010 to 1.025
  42. A client is prescribed Lasix for treatment of heart failure. The patient should be instructed to include which foods in the diet?
    Potatoes, bananas, figs. (Potassium rich foods)
  43. Which early adaption indicates to the nurse that the patient is experiencing hypoxia?
    increased heart rate

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