AP Lang Terms and Tone Words

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AP Lang Terms and Tone Words
2010-12-09 21:21:12

AP Language first semester terms and tone words
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  1. denotation
    primary meaning of a word
  2. connotation
    emotional association of a word (positive/nagative)
  3. allusion
    • direct/ indirect reference
    • *Bible, Shakespeare, Myth*
  4. Mood/ Tone
    feeling reader gets/ author controls the emotions
  5. declarative sentence
  6. imperative sentence
    gives advice or instruction
  7. interrogative sentence
  8. exclamatory sentence
    express strong feeling
  9. loose/cumulative sentence
    does not end with completion of main clause; continues with first subordinate clause
  10. periodic sentence
    produces an effect of suspence; independent clause is at the end
  11. juxtaposition
    contrasting relationship between two clauses in a sentence, usually containing "but" or "however"
  12. parallelism
    repeated similar sentence structure for rhetorical effect
  13. repetition
    being repetitive with words in a sentence for effect so the audience remembers
  14. narrative
    a story of account of events
  15. persuasive
    provide evidence to convince reader of opinion
  16. expository
    inform, explain, describe, or define subject
  17. descriptive
    sensory language; figurative language
  18. setting
    time, place, mood
  19. characterization
    description of character- thoughts, actions, dialogue, and reactions
  20. point of view
    perspective in which a story is told
  21. third person onmniscient
    knowing the thoughts
  22. third person limited
    knowing the actions
  23. stream of consciousness
    knowing the characters thoughts; not in proper syntax
  24. objective
    unbiased POV
  25. subjective
    biased POV
  26. simile
    comparison using "like" or "as"
  27. metaphor
    comparison of two unlike things
  28. paradox
    seemingly contradictory statement that could still be true
  29. oxymoron
    rhetorical figure in which contradictory terms are combined
  30. personification
    human characteristics to an inanimate object
  31. understatement
    to represent in less than truthful proportions
  32. apostrophe
    direct address an absent person or abstract object
  33. hyperbole
    intentional exaggeration
  34. synecdoche
    figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent a whole thing
  35. metonymy
    figure of speech in which one word is substituted for another closely related word
  36. antithesis
    parallel structure that juxtaposes contradictory ideas
  37. verbal irony
    what is said is opposite of what is meant
  38. situational irony
    outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
  39. dramatic irony
    audience knows something the characters don't
  40. pun
    play on words
  41. satire
    literary work in which human vice/folly is attacked through irony
  42. sarcasm
    sharply ironic taunt
  43. antecedent
    noun that a pronouns refers back to
  44. anecdote
    short account of a funny or humorous incident
  45. rhetorical question
    statement in the form of a question that doesn't mean for an answer in order to create effect
  46. aphorism
    concise statement expressing the general truth in a clever way
  47. syntactic inversion
    noun or prepositional phrase is moved from post-verbal position to one before main verb
  48. antimetabole
    • repetition of words in successive clauses in reverse grammatical order
    • same words, different order
  49. anaphora
    deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
  50. zeugma
    • the verb changes meaning based on direct object
    • he lost his coat and his temper
  51. didactic
    intent to teach
  52. diffident
    hesitant, lacking self-confidence
  53. dogmatic
    opinionated, forceful and arrogant
  54. effusive
    unrestrained or excessive in emotion
  55. elegiac
    expressing sorrow
  56. filppant
  57. haughty
    arrogant, condescending
  58. indignant
    discontent and angry with something unjust
  59. insipid
    without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities
  60. inquisitive
    • inappropriately curious
    • eager for knowledge