Card Set Information
Failure of descent of one or both of the testes into the scrotum.
What puts a pt at risk for Cryptochidism?
Low birth weight
Alcoholism of mother
If a pt is uncircumcised, he is more at risk for what?
Abuse is most common in what populations
children under 4 years
special needs kids
Nocturnal Enueresis is most common in what populations?
low self esteem children
anxious School aged children
the meatus is is on the underside of the penis; this is treated surgically
Inability to retract the forskin; this is painful with swelling and redness
At what age do boys go through puberty
9 1/2- 13 1/2
Non Gonococcal Urethritis
Chlamydia for men
What are some signs of testicular cancer?
lump in testicle (pea sized)
Any change in testicle size (shrink/ enlarge)
change in consistancy of testicle (hardness)
feeling of heaviness in scrotum
dull ache in abdomen or groin
What population has the highest risk of testicular cancer
Name 2 risk factors for testicular cancer
When should men begin performing testicular self exams?
in the shower to relax the scrotum
What happens to men's sexual function as they age?
Lower sperm count
decreased circulation around age 40 (can't get it up!)
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
non cancerous enlargment of the prostate
decreases urine output
thought to be caused by hormonal changes while aging
gradual impedance of urinary output
has same symptoms as prostate cancer
Risk factors of prostate gland
diet high in fat, animal products, calcium; low in fruits and veggies
low levels of physical activity
environmental factors (cadmium, tire and rubber manufacturing, farming, mechanics, sheet/metal work)
Prostate specific Antigen
begins to elevate as you age, but also if you have prostate cancer
a normal level for young men is 2
highest "normal" value is considered to be 4
levels above 10 dramatically increase the probability of cancer
What increases the chances of early detection of prostate cancer
When a digital rectal exam is used with PSA
Femoral nodes are also known as
: palpate for hardness
must be less than 1 cm
if hot or red= infection