CNAChpt6April

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harstanner
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54237
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CNAChpt6April
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2010-12-07 23:22:48
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CNA Chapter Terms April
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Chapter 6 Terms
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  1. An agent that destroys or resists pathogens
    Antimicrobial
  2. Machine creating steam or a type of gas that kills all microorganism
    Autoclave
  3. Block or obstacle; object(s) worn by healthcare providers to prevent the transmission of infectious disease
    Barrier
  4. Hard, leak proof containers into which sharp objects and items contaminated with infectious material are placed
    Biohazard Container
  5. Federal law requiring that healthcare facility protects employees from blood borne health hazards
    Bloodborne Pathogens
  6. Tears, saliva, sputum (mucus coughed up), urine, feces, semen, vaginal secretions, and pus or other wounds drainage
    Body Fluids
  7. Person who carries a pathogen without signs or symptoms of an illness or disease and who can spread the disease
    Carriers
  8. Tube inserted through the skin or into a body opening; used to add or drain fluid
    Catheter
  9. A bacterial illness that can cause diarrhea and colitis; spread by spores in feces that are difficult to kill
    C. difficile (C. diff, clostridium difficile)
  10. Federal government agency responsible for improving the overall health and safety for the people of the United States
    The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  11. A condition in which an object has not been ontaminated with pathogens
    Clean
  12. Process of removing pathogens; also called medical asepsis
    Clean technique
  13. Disease transmitted when a pathogen is spread from one person to another
    Communicable Disease
  14. A communicable disease that is spread easily from person to person
    Contagious Disease
  15. Soiled, unclean; having disease causing organisms or infectious material on it
    Contaminated
  16. Acquiring an infection from someone else; also called cross contamination
    Cross-infection
  17. A condition that occurs when a person does not have enough fluid in the body
    Dehydration
  18. Way to transmit pathogens through touching the infected person or his or her secretions
    Direct Contact
  19. Method of transmission of disease from one person to another
    Direct Spread
  20. A condition in which an object has been contaminated with pathogens
    Dirty
  21. A measure used to decrease the spread of pathogens and disease by destroying pathogens
    Disinfections
  22. Flow of fluids from a wound or cavity
    Drainage
  23. Plan that identifies the step-by-step method of what to do if exposed to infectious material; also includes specific work practices that must be followed
    Exposure Control Plan
  24. Situation that occurs when a person is exposed to infectious blood or material
    Exposure Iincident
  25. An object that is contaminated with a pathogen and can now spread the pathogen to another person
    Fomite
  26. Hand washing with either a plain or antiseptic soap and water and using alcohol based hand rubs
    Hand Hygiene
  27. An infection with various healthcare settings such as long-term care facilities, hospitals, ambulatory setting and home care
    Healthcare-associated Infections (HAI)
  28. Inflammation of the liver caused by infection
    Hepatitis
  29. Resistance to infection by a specific pathogen
    Immunity
  30. The period of time between the time the pathogen enters the body and the time it causes an infection
    Incubation period
  31. A way to transmit pathogens by touching something contaminated by the infected person
    Indirect Contact
  32. Method of transmission of disease from an object, insect, or animal to a person
    Indirect Spread
  33. The state resulting from pathogens invading and growing within the human body
    Infection
  34. Set of methods used to control and prevent the spread of disease
    Infection Control
  35. To keep something separate, or by itself
    Isolate
  36. Infection limited to a specific part of the body; has local symptoms
    Localized Infection
  37. A serious condition in which a person is not getting proper nutrition
    Malnutrition
  38. Process of removing pathogens; also called clean technique
    Medical Asepsis
  39. A tiny living thing visible on by microscope; also called a
    microorganism
    Microbe
  40. A tiny living thing not visible to the eye without a microscope; also called a microbe
    Microorganism (MO)
  41. An infection caused by bacteria that are resistant to many antibiotics; can develop when people do not take all
    of the medication prescribed to them
    MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
  42. The membranes that line body cavities that open to the outside of the body, such as the linings of the mouth, nose, eyes, rectum, and genitals
    Mucous Membranes
  43. Microorganisms, mostly bacteria, that are resistant to one or more antimicrobial agents
    Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs)
  44. A disease not capable of being

    spread from one person to another
    Non-communicable Disease
  45. Skin that is broken by abrasion, cuts, rashes, acne, pimples, lesions, surgical incisions or boils
    Non-intact Skin
  46. The microorganisms that normally live in and on the body and do not cause harm in a healthy person
    Normal Floral
  47. An infection acquired in a hospital
    Nosocomial Infection
  48. A federal government agency that makes rules to protect workers from hazards on the job
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  49. The microorganisms that cause disease
    Pathogens
  50. Care of the genitals and anal area by cleansing
    Perineal Care
  51. A barrier between a person and disease; includes gloves, gowns, masks, goggles, and face shields
    PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
  52. Being infected a second time with an infection
    Re-infection
  53. The body’s ability to prevent infection and disease
    Resistance
  54. Ways to communities maintain clean, hygienic conditions that help prevent disease such as the disposal of sewage and solid waste
    Sanitation
  55. A method of infection control in which all blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (like abrasions, pimples,
    or open sores), and mucous membranes (lining of mouth, nose, eyes, rectum, or genitals) are treated
    as if they were infected with a disease
    Standard Precautions
  56. A measure used to decrease the spread of pathogens and disease by destroying all microorganisms, including pathogens
    Sterilization
  57. Method that makes an area or an object completely free of microorganisms; also called sterile technique
    Surgical Asepsis
  58. An infection that occurs when pathogens enter the bloodstream and move throughout the body; causes general symptoms, such as chills and fevers
    Systemic Infection
  59. Transfer of a disease
    Transmission
  60. A substance prepared from weakened or killed microbes that is used to give immunity to disease
    Vaccine
  61. A mutant strain of the bacterium enterococcus; a resistance caused by a person not taking all of a powerful
    antibiotic Vancomycin
    VRE (vancomycin-resistant enterococcus)

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