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What are the Seven Elements of Music?
Melody, Harmony, Texture, Timbre, Form, Dynamics, Rhythm
What are the main historical eras of music?
Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, Contemporary
State three facts about the Medieval era.
- Dates: 500-1400
- Cultural Values: Predominance of Roman Catholic Church
- Music: Mostly monophonic, secular chants
- Composers: Anonymous, Hildegard of Bingen
State three facts about the Renaissance era.
- Dates: 1400-1600
- Cultural Values: Humanism (All God's creations, especially humans, are beautiful)
- Music: Polyphonic, mostly vocal a cappella pieces
State three facts about the Baroque era.
- Dates: 1600-1750
- Important Composers: Monteverdi, Vivaldi, J.S. Bach, Handel
- Music: Opera begins to flourish; one emotion per movement, obsession with human emotion
Who were three important composers of the Classical era?
Haydn, Mozart, early Beethoven