Ch. 21 Oncology

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Ch. 21 Oncology
2010-12-08 13:09:26
Medical terminology Oncology

CLC HIT 111 Medical Terminology
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  1. adjuvant
    substance, especially a drug, added to a prescription to assist in the action of the main ingredient
  2. anaplasia
    change in the structure and orientation of cells characterized by a loss of specialization and reversion to a more primitive form
  3. antimetabolite
    class of antineoplastic drug used to treat cancer
  4. carcinoma
    malignant neoplasm
  5. carcinoma in situ
    premalignant neoplasm that has not invaded the basement membrane but shows cytologic characterisitcs of cancer
  6. chemotherapy
    use of chemcial agents to destroy cancer cells on a selective basis
  7. cytotoxic
    pertaining to being destructive to cells
  8. fractionation
    radiology, the division of the total dose of radiation into small doses administered at intervals in an effort to minimize tissue damage
  9. hyperplasia
    increase in the number of cells of a body part
  10. infiltrative
    possessing the ability to invade or penetrate adjacent tissue
  11. ionizing radiation
    high-energy X-rays that can kill cells or retard their growth
  12. linear accelerator
    apparatus for accelerating charged subatomic particles used in radiotherapy, physics research and the production of radionuclides
  13. lumpectomy
    surgical removal of onlythe tumar and the immediate adjacent breast tissue
  14. modality
    method of application; treatment method
  15. neoplasm
    abnormal growth of new tissue, benign or malignant
  16. oncogene
    gene in a virus that can cause a cell to become malignant
  17. oncogenesis
    formation of a tumor
  18. papilloma
    benign epithelial neoplasm characterized by a branching or lobular tumor
  19. pedunculated
    pertaining to a structure with a stalk
  20. radiocurable tumor
    pertaining to the susceptibility of tumor cells to destruction by ionizing radiation
  21. radiosensitive tumor
    tumor capable of being changed by or reacting to radioactive emissions such as X-rays, alpha particles, or gamma rays
  22. sarcoma
    malignant neoplasm of the connective and supportive tissues of the body, usually first presenting as a painless swelling
  23. scirrhous
    pertaining to a carcinoma which is hard structure
  24. sessile
    attached by a base rather than by a stalk or a peduncle
  25. staging
    determination of distinct phases or periods in the course of a disease
  26. verrucous
    rough; warty
  27. bronchogenic carcinoma
    malignant lung tumor that originates in the bronchi; lung cancer
  28. endometrial carcinoma
    adenocarcinoma of the uterus
    malignant tumor of the inner lining of the uterus
  29. lymphoma
    lymphoid tissue neoplasm that is typically malignant, beginning with a painless enlarged lymph nodes and progressing to anemia, weakness, fever, and weight loss
  30. malignant melanoma
    malignant skin tumor originating from melanocytes in preexisting nevi (moles), freckles, or skin with pigment; darkly pigmented cancerous tumor
  31. neuroblastoma
    highly malignant tumor of the sympathetic nervous system
  32. oral leukoplakia
    precancerous lesion occurring anywhere in the mouth
  33. Wilm's tumor
    malignant tumor of the kidney occurring predominately in childhood
  34. immunotherapy
    agents that are capable of changing the relationship between a tumor and the host are known as biolgoic response modifiers
  35. Mohs surgery
    advanced treatment procedure for skin cancer. tumor is removed in stages, tissue is examined for evidence of cancer, and additional tissue is removed until negative boundaries are confirmed