CNAChpt15April

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harstanner
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54340
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CNAChpt15April
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2010-12-08 13:11:07
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CNA Chapter Terms April
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Chapter 15 Terms
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  1. The digestive process in which digestive juices and enzymes break down food into materials the body can use
    Absorption
  2. An inability to control the muscles of the bowels, which leads to an involuntary passage of stool or gas; also
    called fecal incontinence
    Anal Incontinence
  3. The study of body structure
    Anatomy
  4. The study of all life forms
    Biology
  5. Groups of organs that perform specific functions in the human body
    Body Systems
  6. The physical process of releasing or emptying the colon or large intestine of stool or feces
    Bowl Elimination
  7. The basic structural units of all organisms
    Cells
  8. Semi-liquid substance made as a result of the chemical breakdown of food in the stomach
    Chyme
  9. The large intestine
    Colon
  10. Surgically-created opening into the large intestine to allow feces to be expelled; causes stool to be semi-solid
    Colostomy
  11. The difficulty and often painful elimination of a hard, dry stool
    Constipation
  12. A disease that causes the wall of the intestines (large or small) to become inflamed (red, sore, and swollen)
    Crohn’s disease
  13. The process of eliminating feces from the rectum through the anus
    Defecation
  14. Frequent elimination of liquid or semi-liquid feces
    Diarrhea
  15. The process of breaking down food so that it can be absorbed into the cells
    Digestion
  16. Inflammation of sacs that develop in the wall of the large intestine due to diverticulosis
    Diverticulitis
  17. A disorder in which sac-like pouching develop into a weakened area of the wall of the large intestine (colon)
    Diverticulosis
  18. The first part of the small intestine where the common bile duct enters the small intestine
    Duodenum
  19. Chemical substances that are essential to maintaining fluid balance and homeostasis in the body
    Electrolytes
  20. The process of expelling wastes
    Elimination
  21. A specific amount of water, with or without an additive, introduced into the colon to eliminate stool
    Enema
  22. A mass of dry, hard stool that remains packed in the rectum and cannot be expelled
    Fecal impaction
  23. Solid body waste excreted through the anus from the large intestine; also called the stool
    Feces
  24. Air in the intestine that is passed through the rectum; also called gas or flatus
    Flatulence
  25. A bedpan that is flatter than a regular bedpan; used for small or thin people or those who cannot lift their buttocks onto a standard bedpan
    Fracture Pan
  26. A chronic condition in which the liquid contents of the stomach back up into the esophagus
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  27. A continuous tube from the opening of the mouth all the way to the anus, where solid wastes are eliminated from the body
    Gastrointestinal Tract
  28. A condition that results from a weakening of the sphincter muscle which joins the esophagus and the stomach; also known as acid reflux
    Heartburn
  29. Enlarged veins in the rectum that can cause itching, burning, pain, and bleeding
    Hemorrhoids
  30. The condition in which all of the body’s systems are balanced and are working at their best
    Homeostasis
  31. Surgically-created opening into the end of the small intestines, the ileum, to allow feces to be expelled; causes stool to liquid
    Ileostomy
  32. The process of taking food or fluids into the body
    Ingestion
  33. A chronic condition of the gastrointestinal tract that is worsened by stress
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  34. The inability to digest lactose, a type of sugar in milk and other dairy products
    Lactose Intolerance
  35. A condition in which the body cannot absorb or digest a particular nutrient properly
    Malabsorption
  36. Hidden
    Occult
  37. A structure unit in the human body that performs a specific function
    Organ
  38. Surgical creation of an opening from an area inside the body to the outside
    Ostomy
  39. The study of the disorders that occur in the body
    Pathophysiology
  40. Muscular contractions that push food through the gastrointestinal tract
    Peristalsis
  41. The study of how the body parts function
    Physiology
  42. A chair with a toilet seat and a removable container underneath
    Portable Commode
  43. A sample, such as a tissue, blood, urine, stool, or sputum, used for analysis and diagnosis
    Specimen
  44. An artificial opening in the body
    Stoma
  45. A medication given rectally to cause a bowl movement
    Suppository
  46. A group of cells that performs similar tasks
    Tissue
  47. A chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine
    Ulcerative colitis
  48. A type of urostomy in which a surgical creation of an opening from the ureter through the abdomen is made for urine to be eliminated
    Ureterostomy
  49. The general term used for any surgical procedure that diverts the passage of urine by re-directing the ureters
    Urostomy

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