# Wildlife Monitoring

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1. What factors influence the type of count you may use?
• Cost of the counting method
• Size of area to be counted
• Species to be counted
• Habitat
• Availability/Quality of manpower (NB)
• Purpose of count
2. What are the different types of game counts?
• Direct
• Midden
• Track
• Aerial
• Estimated
• Static obs
• Drive count
• Strip Drive count
• Record method
• Ratio method
3. What is a Direct count?
• Shows exactly how many of the species you have.
• Used for intensive management esp. expensive sp.
• Monitoring growth of population
• Calculate pressure on environment (NB)
• Calculate utilization of various areas
4. What is a Midden count?
• Record amount of midden in area
• Mapped to establish territory (GIS)
• Frequency of use
• Habits of sp.counted

• Give an idea of size of territories, ie how many bulls. If midden used more then territory smaller, & vice versa
• depends on sp. - cannot do on those that don't have a territory ie Buffalo
5. Describe a Track Count?
• It is an indirect method of counting.
• Must have a good knowledge of tracking
• Distinguish between old and new tracks
• Correct identification essential.

• It is Quantitive v Qualitative
• ie how many v What have we got.
6. Briefly explain an Aerial Count ?
Can use a helicopter.plane, or aerial photo.

With aerial photo have grid over, and using special equip,note how many in photo.

• Plane count - 2 marks on window 2 on struts o/s plane, then count those in that area.
• If a herd use a photo then count later.
7. What is an Estimated Count?
• Need repeatability
• Has to be done over time to get accurate counts
• Calculate total population on farm
• Used for determining harvesting quotas
8. What are the problems with Estimated Counts?
• Uneven animal distribution on farm
• Animal habitat
• Animal habits
9. What is the Static observation method?
• It is easy to do.
• Direct counting method
• Integrity of observers very important
• Animal behaviour (day/night activity)
• Repeatability
• Point selection must be a factor
10. What must you do in a Static point obs?
• Measure total surface of area observed
• Percentage of observed area of total habitat type
• Percentage of habitat type in total
11. What is a Drive Count?
• Is a very accurate direct counting method.
• Animals get driven ahead of counters
• Used for small properties
• Good line of sight required
• Done when veld dry & little leaves on trees
• Walk equal distance (50-100m) apart over width of property
• All count to the same side
• Done from 2 sides of dividing line
12. What are the problems with a Drive count?
• Can get breaks n the line
• Wrong animal id
• Animals may break fences to get away
• May interfere with herd structure
13. What is a Strip Drive Count?
• An indirect method with medium accuracy, similar to a drive count but wider conditions
• Have clearly marked out strips
• Centre counts left and right
• Those on left count left & vice versa
• Mean visibility calculated
• Suitable for homogene areas
14. What are the problems with a Drive Strip count?
• Thick bush will reduce visibility
• Animals in large herds
• Animals occurring in small patches
15. What is a Road Strip Count?
• Not very accurate method of counting
• Have marked out strips of given size
• Marked out with GPS
• Strips to cover all habitat types
• Must be done on the same day
• Sightings recorded onto map
• Log habitat transitions ie Savannah, River, Reeds, Open plains areas
16. What are the problems with Road Strip Counts?
• Animals are afraid of vehicles esp. if hunted
• Prejudice due to location of road ie don't cross rivers often
• Consistency
 Author: Anonymous ID: 54343 Card Set: Wildlife Monitoring Updated: 2010-12-08 18:51:22 Tags: Wildlife Monitoring Folders: Description: Wildlife Monitoring in South Africa Show Answers: