Geography 301

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lisac187
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Geography 301
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2010-12-08 16:45:50
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Geography Final
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  1. 1)
    ALL Mediterranean climates are known for:

    A) Hot Summers

    B) Wet summers

    C) Getting less than 10” precipitation
    per year

    D) Mild winter temperatures

    E) Supporting growth of Douglas firs
    D) Mild winter temperatures
  2. 2) Which of these groups
    did NOT settle in early Pennsylvania (1682-1775)?

    A) English Quakers

    B) Italians

    C) German Quakers

    D) Scot-Irish

    E) Non-Quaker Germans
    B) Italians
  3. 3) Which of the Sub-cultural groups
    can best be summed as bi-racial, hierarchical, and Anglican/ Baptist?

    A)Upper South

    B) Lower South

    C)New Mexico’s Hispanos

    D)Lower Midwest

    E) Upper Midwest or “Yankee”
    B)Lower South
  4. 4) The modern Rocky Mountains were
    created:

    A) during the plate collisions that
    lead to the formation of the supercontinent of Pangaea.

    B) before the inland sea developed
    from Texas to the Arctic Ocean 90 million years ago.

    C) during the Laramide Orogeny caused
    by the very shallow subduction of the oceanic
    Farallon Plate under the continental North American plate.

    D) during the formation of the North
    America Craton.

    E) as the continental glaciers
    retreated leaving behind tons of rocky rubble.
    • C) during the Laramide Orogeny caused
    • by the very shallow subduction of the oceanic
    • Farallon Plate under the continental North American plate.
  5. Settled
    as a French fur-company town of mostly French Catholic peasants. Strong working relationship with Indian
    trading partners
    Canada (St Lawrence River Valley
  6. Plantation-based society with wealthy British landowners, slaves and indentured
    servants to grow the tobacco. Cities not
    well developed, very hierarchical social structure
    Virginia
  7. Mix of English and German Quakers with Scotch-Irish, most tolerant society with strong middle class. Foundation of both
    upper South and Lower Midwestern Sub-Cultures
    Pennsylvania
  8. Plantation
    culture straight from Barbados, British landowners, like “A” above except crops
    were indigo and rice and it was one of the origins of the bi-racial Lower South
    American subculture
    South Carolina
  9. Which of these was recently named by
    the United Nations as one of the Seven Wonders of the World?

    A)The Cliff Dwellings of the Anasazi at Mesa Verde in Colorado

    B)The Pyramid of the Moon in Teotihuacan near modern Mexico City

    C)The Kukulkan Pyramid of the Maya at Chechen Itza

    D)The Cahokia Mounds near St. Louis
    • C) The Kukulkan Pyramid of the Maya
    • at Chechen Itza
  10. Which of these statements is most
    accurate about the Upper Southern Culture group?

    A) Its origins are in Tidewater Virginia and
    coastal South Carolina

    B) It was (is) a bi-racial culture

    C)It had a strong middle class of farmers, merchants and craftsmen.

    D) While the elites were
    primarily Anglican Church members, the entire culture became a Southern Baptist
    stronghold

    E) All of the above are accurate
    • C) It had a strong middle class of
    • farmers, merchants and craftsmen.
  11. Which
    of these is the most accurate about the Lower Southern Cultural group?

    A)
    It originated in Tidewater Virginia and South Carolina

    B)
    Many were of German origin

    C) It included many
    farmers who migrated south along the Great Valley into western North Carolina,
    Tennessee, and Kentucky.

    D) Many of the group
    like Sam Houston and Davy Crocket would find their way to Texas by 1835 where
    they would play key roles in the Texas Revolution.

    E) None of the above is
    accurate
    • A) It originated in Tidewater Virginia
    • and South Carolina
  12. Between 60 degrees N and the
    North Pole, the prevailing winds are out of the west across most of North
    America.

    True
    False
    False
  13. A North American city
    has an average January temperature of 44.1 degrees F with 5.1 inches of
    precipitation. In July, it averages 81.5
    degrees with 4.5 inches of precipitation.
    For the year, it gets 55.6 inches of rain. Which climate zone is it in and what direction
    from College Station is it?

    A) Mediterranean, west of College
    Station, probably Los Angeles

    B) Subtropical Humid, east of
    College Station, probably Jackson MS

    C) Continental Humid, north of College
    Station, probably Ames Iowa

    C) Desert –west of College Station,
    probably El Paso.

    D) Subtropical Humid, west of College
    Station, probably Austin
    • B) Subtropical Humid, east of
    • College Station, probably Jackson MS
  14. A North American city
    has an average January temperature of 42.8 degrees F with 0.4 inches of
    rain. In July, it averages 82.2 degrees
    with 1.5 inches of precipitation. For
    the year, it gets less than 10 inches of rain.
    Which city and climate zone is it in?

    A) Los
    Angeles -Mediterranean

    B) Kansas City -Continental Humid

    C) Seattle – Marine West Coast

    D) El Paso – Desert

    E) Miami -Subtropical Humid or Tropical
    humid
    D) El Paso – Desert
  15. A North American city has an average January temperature of 56.3 degrees F with 2.6 inches of rain. In July, it averages 71.6 degrees F with 0.0 inches of precipitation. For the year, it gets less than 12 inches of rain. Which climate zone is it in?

    A) West Coast Marine
    B) Tundra
    C) Desert
    D) Subtropical humid
    E) Mediterranean
    E) Mediterranean
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Lichens and small, short, quick maturing plants are the main vegetation of which Koppen climate zone?

    A)Mediterranean
    B) Continental Humid
    C)Tundra
    D) Marine West Coast
    E) Subtropical Humid
    C)Tundra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following is most accurate about what is taken into account in determining Koppen climate zones?

    A) Soil type
    B) B and C only
    C) Average precipitation
    D) A and C only
    E) Average temperatures
    B) B and C only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of these is NOT true about the geomorphic processes?

    A) They include weathering, erosion, transport, and deposition.

    B) The processes themselves are virtually unchanged over the history of the planet.

    C) They are driven by seafloor spreading.

    D) They work to smooth the surface of the earth.

    E) None of the above is correct
    C) They are driven by seafloor spreading.
  19. During the Pleistocene (Ice Age), all of the following happened except:

    A)The formation of the super-continent Pangaea.
    B) Sea level fell several hundred feet, allowing the erosion of submarine canyons where riversflowed,
    creating today’s natural harbors.
    C)The great Missoula floods took place
    D)Lake Bonneville, the ancestor to the Great Salt Lake, covered much more of
    modern day Utah than the Great Salt Lake does today.
    E)Humans crossed over from Asia to North America
    • A) The formation of the super-continent
    • Pangaea.
  20. Which of these is true about the exposed part of the North American Craton (Canadian
    Shield)?

    A)It has been under the water for most of the last 2 billion years
    B)It was assembled over the last 300 million years.
    C)It is centered on Denver, Colorado
    D) It was largely scrapped free of soil and many lakes craved out during the Wisconsinan
    ice advance.
    D) It was largely scrapped free of soil and many lakes craved out during the Wisconsinan ice advance.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Whichof the following is attributable to a “hot spot”?

    A) Creation of the Hawaiian islands
    B) The formation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Rangevolcanoes
    C) Melting of the ice dam that created Lake Missoula
    D) The isostatic rebound being experienced on the Canadian Shield and in Scandinavia.
    E) All of the above are attributable to hot spots
    A) Creation of the Hawaiian islands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which of the following is NOT true about the Anasazi culture?

    A) They built ceremonial or burial mounds from east Texas to near St. Louis.
    B)They built cliff dwellings in modern day Colorado, Utah and New Mexico.
    C) Mesa Verde National Park includes many of the culture’s famous ruins.
    D) They left no written record to explain why their culture disappeared.
    A)They built ceremonial or burial mounds from east Texas to near St. Louis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The most massive mountain ranges have been and are built by:

    A) the divergence of two continental crustal
    plates

    B) the convergence of two continental crustal plates

    C) the divergence of a continental and a oceanic plate

    D) the transverse movements of either type of plate
    B) the convergence of two continental crustal plates
  24. Creation
    of oil and gas fields require

    A) Intrusions of molten
    lava to create metamorphic processes in the formation

    B) Deposition of
    layers of organic materials (mostly one cell plants and animals)

    C) Cooling under
    glacial advances

    D) A and B only

    E) B and C only
    E) B and C only
  25. Between 30O N and 60O N, the prevailing winds are out of the east across most of North America.

    A)True
    B)False
    B)False
  26. Mineralized
    zone aregoing to be found where:

    A) The Pleistocene glaciers covered
    the ground

    B) The Pleistocene glaciers stopped
    and then retreated

    C) Magma
    intrusions have led to metamorphism of the rocks

    D) Calcite (Calcium Carbonate) secreting
    and skeletonal organisms have created thick beds of limestone.

    E) None of the above is
    true
    C) Magma intrusions have led to metamorphism of the rocks
  27. The
    great inland sea of about 90 million years ago left its greatest mark on which
    Physiographic region?

    A) Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain.

    B) The Great Plains.

    C) Appalachian Highlands


    D) Piedmont.

    E) The Pacific Mountains
    and Valleys
    B) The Great Plains.
  28. The
    mountain range created during the formation of Pangaea

    A) has been largely eroded away.

    B) provided much of the
    sediment to build the coastal plain on widening oceanic crust.

    C) provided sediment to
    create sediment cover for coal fields from Pennsylvania to Texas.

    D) All of
    the above are true.

    E) None of the above is true.
    D) All of the above are true.
  29. Which
    of the following is LEAST accurate?

    A) Natural vegetation type is
    determined mostly by climate and to a lesser extent soil type.

    B) Soil type is dependent on geology
    and climate.

    C)The more rainfall, the larger and
    denser the primary vegetation type.

    D) In the rainforest of the northwest,
    large, densely spaced Douglas fir and western hemlock prevail on the windward
    side.

    E) All of the above are true.
    E) All of the above are true.
  30. What limits the inland
    penetration of the Pacific marine polar air mass’s moisture?

    A) The prevailing
    westerlies

    B) The Coast Ranges
    developed during the collisions that formed Pangaea

    C) The Mohave Desert

    D) The Coast Ranges,
    the Cascades, the Sierra Nevada and the Rockies
    D) The Coast Ranges, the Cascades, the Sierra Nevada and the Rockies
  31. Going toward the center of the earth from HECC, which of the following are you LEAST
    likely to find:

    A) Oil

    B) Sandstone.

    C) Salt deposits

    D) Oceanic crust

    E) Part of the old North American Craton
    E) Part of the old North American Craton
  32. Mineralization
    is most associated with

    A) Erosion

    B) Deposition

    C) Intrusion of Magma

    D) Chemical decomposition

    E) Physical weathering
    C) Intrusion of Magma
  33. Which
    of the following did NOT contribute to Cortez’s conquest of the Aztec Empire?

    A) Aztec lack of immunity to European
    diseases like small pox and the flu

    B) The Aztecs had never seen a horse

    C) The Aztecs feared Cortez might be a
    returning God

    D) The disloyalty of the peoples the
    Aztec had conquered.

    E) The superior numbers of troops Cortez
    had on the battlefield
    • E) The superior numbers of troops Cortez
    • had on the battlefield
  34. while only about ¼ of white
    Southerners came from slave holding families, in the first 60 years of the US
    Presidency, most the time the President would be a slaveholder.

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  35. Which
    of the following is NOT true about the Pennsylvania Cultural hearth

    A) Wm
    Penn received land for a Quaker colony centered around the old Swedish and
    Dutch settlements on the Delaware River (Philadelphia)

    B) the
    colonists defeated the American Indians in the region and took the lands in a
    series of wars.

    C)
    Original colonists included English Quakers from London and Bristol, some rich,
    some craftsmen, some shopkeepers, and some manual laborers

    D) German
    Quakers also came, then other Germans, creatinga “German problem” for the colony.
    • B) the
    • colonists defeated the American Indians in the region and took the lands in a
    • series of wars.
  36. South Carolina started as a colony of a colony (Barbados), making it most culturally diverse of the original cultural hearths.

    A)True
    B)False
    B)False
  37. The super continent Pangaea formed very, very early in Earth’s geological history.

    A)True
    B)False
    B)False
  38. Scierophyllous
    vegetation dominates which Koppen climate zone?

    A) Tundra

    B) Continental Humid

    C) Subtropical Humid

    D) Marine West Coast

    E) Mediterranean
    E) Mediterranean
  39. The subduction of the Pacific plates
    under the North America plate:

    A)
    Scraped islands and small continents off the oceanic crust and piled them up as
    terrenes, forming many of the coastal ranges

    B) Caused formation of Sierra Nevada
    and Cascade Ranges.

    C) Caused the last major mountain
    building process in the Rockies.

    D)
    Thinned the continental plate between the Sierra and the Rockies which would
    lead to the formation of the Basin and Range topography.
    E) All of the above are true.
    E) All of the above are true.
  40. Mark
    Twain is quoted as saying the coldest winter he ever spent was a summer in San
    Francisco. Why did he say that?.

    A) San Francisco is high in the
    Sierra Nevada near a glacier.

    B) He
    worked the summer of 1851 as a young man for a San Francisco salmon fisherman
    packing fish in ice for shipment up to the Gold Fields.

    C) San
    Francisco is so far north it never gets very warm.

    D) San
    Francisco has a very continental climate

    E).The
    cold Pacific Current, the prevailing westerlies, the coastal mountains, and the
    constant summer onshore breeze keeps most of the city in a cool fog most of the
    summer.
    E).The cold Pacific Current, the prevailing westerlies, the coastal mountains, and the constant summer onshore breeze keeps most of the city in a cool fog most of the summer.
  41. East of the Rocky Mountains, the climate tends to get wetter and wetter the further straight east one goes in North America.

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  42. 47)
    Plate boundaries are ALL areas of

    A)Divergence

    B)Sea-floor spreading

    C)Transverse movement

    D)Convergence

    E)High Risk for volcanic and/or earthquake activity
    E)High Risk for volcanic and/or earthquake activity
  43. The earth is closer to Sun in January than in July.

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  44. The
    Scablands of Washington and Oregon were most shaped by

    A) The erosion and deposition caused by
    the glaciers advancing out of the Rockies and Cascades

    B) Slow erosion by regional rivers

    C) Wind erosion over many thousands of
    years

    D) The great Pacific tsunami of about
    5000 BC.

    E) The catastrophic flood cause by the
    collapse of the ice dam forming Lake Missoula during the last days of the last
    ice age advance.
    • E) The catastrophic flood cause by the
    • collapse of the ice dam forming Lake Missoula during the last days of the last
    • ice age advance.
  45. “Aggieland” is an example of a
    ___________Region

    A)Formal
    B)Nodal

    C)Perceptual

    D) Functional
    C)Perceptual
  46. Immigration to the US from which of the following
    areas has never been limited by US law?

    A)
    Britain

    B)
    Germany

    C)
    Latin
    America

    D) Puerto Rico

    E)
    Canada
    D) Puerto Rico
  47. Santa Fe, New Mexico

    A) Was founded by
    colonists from the Republic of Texas

    B) Was established by
    immigrants from the Republic of Mexico

    C) Was established by Spanish
    soldiers and priests sent to Christianize the local Indians around the time
    Jamestown was established

    D All of the above
    are true.

    E)None of the above
    is true.
  48. C) Was established by Spanish
    • soldiers and priests sent to Christianize the local Indians around the time
    • Jamestown was established
  49. Which of the following is true of Montreal?

    A) American troops
    burnt it to the ground during the War of 1812.

    B) It grew early
    because it was the capital of Upper (Ontario) and all roads led to it

    C) It sits at the head of navigation on the St
    Lawrence River

    D) It is the largest
    city in Canada

    E) It sits at one end
    of Ontario’s “Golden Horseshoe”
    • C) It sits at the head of navigation on the St
    • Lawrence River
  50. What was Boston “Big Dig”?

    A)
    The
    1820s construction of the Erie Canal using mostly Irish-immigrant workers.

    B) The $14.8 billion, 26 years project to try to retrofit
    the 1700s city to the automobile by moving a major-cross town interstate
    highway underground.

    C)
    The
    pit dug to create a landfill north of the city.

    D)
    Construction
    of the city’s subway system in the 1890s

    None
    of the above.
    • B) The $14.8 billion, 26 years project to try to retrofit
    • the 1700s city to the automobile by moving a major-cross town interstate
    • highway underground.
  51. Which of these is a reason why Detroit became
    the center of the automobile industry?

    A) Detroit was the
    rubber tire capital of the world.

    B) It was John D. Rockefeller’s hometown

    C) The Michigan topography gaveearly
    automakers a good local market because it the Michigan roads were perhaps the
    best in the nation for the somewhat unreliable “motor car.”

    D) All of the above
    are true

    E) None of these
    statements are true
    • C) The Michigan topography gaveearly
    • automakers a good local market because it the Michigan roads were perhaps the
    • best in the nation for the somewhat unreliable “motor car.”
  52. Marketing catalog sales based retailing in rural
    areas, meatpacking, petroleum refining, steel making, and agricultural equipment
    manufacturing
    Akron
  53. Historically steel making capital and heavy
    equipment manufacturing
    Pittsburgh
  54. Small engine manufacturing, brewing, food
    processing, automobiles and automotive parts
    Milwaukee
  55. Government and hot air only
    Washington D.C.,
  56. Rubber and tires
    Akron
  57. The Donora killer smog in 1948:

    A)
    Killed 20 people near Los Angeles

    B) Destroyed millions
    of trees in the Appalachian Mountain because of the resulting Acid Rain

    C)
    Was the nickname of the national champion USC defensive secondary.

    D) Sickened hundreds in a little Allegheny
    Plateau river valley town of Donora south of Pittsburgh when a temperature
    inversion and the steep valley walls trapped automobile exhausts in the valley air
    for days.Zinc plant emissions, not automobile

    E) Raised awareness of the problems of air
    pollution and would eventually lead to the passage of the Clean Air Act many
    years later.
    • E) Raised awareness of the problems of air
    • pollution and would eventually lead to the passage of the Clean Air Act many
    • years later.
  58. Petroleum refining and petrochemical
    Sarnia, Ontario
  59. Mixed and varied manufactured products
    Toronto, Ontario
  60. Automobiles
    and automotive parts
    Windsor, Ontario
  61. Iron,
    steel and heavy equipment
    Hamilton, Ontario
  62. Which of these is NOT true of the Erie Canal?

    A) It was able to
    eventually lower the cost of moving a ton of freight from Buffalo to New York
    City from $100 to $4.

    B)
    It
    would eventually be made non-competitive by the Steel-Rail era railroads that
    would parallel it.

    C)
    It
    was the most successful of the early 19th century canal systems.

    D)
    It
    improved New York City’s situation so much that NYC soon became North America’s
    major city and commercial center.

    E) All of the above are true.
    E) All of the above are true.
  63. Texas immigration patterns were unique in that
    it was the only former Confederate state to attract large numbers of European immigrants during the 19th century

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  64. The Salt Lake Valley
    was:

    A) Settled by Mormons
    during the Mexican War.

    B) Settled by Mormons while it still belonged to France.

    C) Settled first by Hispanics from Santa Fe

    D) Was established as an army post by General Brigham Young on his way to capture California
    A) Settled by Mormons during the Mexican War.
  65. The first transcontinental railroad was largely
    constructed with Chinese immigrant laborers working eastward from Sacramento
    and by Irish immigrant laborers working westward from Council Bluffs.

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  66. Which of these is
    true about the Underground Railroad?

    A) Its tracks were often torn up by
    slave owners

    B) People who ran it were violating Federal
    laws

    C) It helped millions of slaves
    escape to Canada

    D) The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
    shut it down.

    E) Runaway slaves only had to reach
    New York to achieve freedom.
    • B) People who ran it were violating Federal
    • laws
  67. Which of these are
    NOT associated with Borchert’s1870-1920 Steel-Rail Era

    A)Trains become more powerful and railroads
    more efficient

    B) Decrease in relative importance
    of inland waterway system.

    C) Rise of the cities that are purely rail
    centers (Youngstown, Columbus, Akron, Dallas, Indianapolis, and Denver)

    D) Most factories locating on “Fall line” to tap hydro-energy.

    E) The decline of the Erie Canal
    towns
    • D) Most factories
    • locating on “Fall line” to tap hydro-energy.
  68. Which of the
    following is least accurate about Washington D.C.?

    A)
    It was not really break-in-bulk location, became important because of political
    compromise.



    B)
    It was a new city designed to be the national capital; nothing was there except
    for the small colonial village of Georgetown now inside the city.

    C) The
    development of the elevator helped it grow vertically with many tall office and
    apartment buildings.

    D) Washington and the federal government were
    limited in size until the New Deal through WWII growth period which matched the
    rise of the automobile. Sprawl into the suburbs particularly great.
    • C) The
    • development of the elevator helped it grow vertically with many tall office and
    • apartment buildings.
  69. Which of these is NOT
    true about New York City?

    A) It has the highest population density of
    any American city.

    B) Its high density was achieved with the help
    of the elevator and it has more tall buildings than any American city.

    C) Its subway system developed about the same
    time as the main growth in the city and itprovides a veryeffective mass transit
    to this day.

    D) The automobile’s ability to drive spatial sprawl
    was limited by Hudson River and East River and the tunnels and bridges become
    choke points.

    E) It has been experiencing great growth in manufacturing
    and warehousing activities over the last 30 years
    • E) It
    • has been experiencing great growth in manufacturing and warehousing activities
    • over the last 30 years.
  70. Which
    of the following are NOT manufacturers’ optionsto reduce labor cost?

    A) Outsource to low labor cost
    areas.

    B) Relocate manufacturing facilities
    to lower labor cost areas

    C) Relocate manufacturing to be closer customers
    D) Encourage increased immigration

    E) Invest in machinery and equipment
    • C) Relocate
    • manufacturing to be closer customers (Reduces shipping cost to customer but not
    • labor cost.)
  71. Which is NOT true about the Louisiana
    Purchase?

    A) Originally Jefferson only wanted to purchase San Francisco from France to
    improve US claim to the Oregon Country.

    B) The purchase gave the
    US a claim to Red River Valley of Texas, which it negotiated away in exchange
    for Florida a couple of years later.

    C)
    Napoleon
    (France) had just taken Louisiana back from Spain after over a little more than
    a third of a century of Spanish rule.

    D)
    The
    Purchase originally included all of the Mississippi River drainage basin not
    already under US control.

    E)
    The
    Louisiana Purchase approximately doubled the size of the US.
    • A) Originally Jefferson only wanted to purchase San Francisco from France to
    • improve US claim to the Oregon Country.
    • (He only wanted an outlet near
    • New Orleans for goods floated down the Mississippi)
  72. The Pennsylvania Dutch are really Germans.

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  73. Which city is most famous for manufacturing gunpowder and nylon?

    A)Wilmington, Delaware
    B)Montreal,Quebec.
    C)Detroit
    D)Chicago
    E) Boston
    A)Wilmington, Delaware
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. 26) According to the
    Wisconsin video, Wisconsin is famous for the following EXCEPT:
    A) Cheese making
    B) Beer making
    C)The largest Islamic community in the US.
    D) Invention of the motorcycle
    E) Ship wrecks
    C)The largest Islamic community in the US.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Before 1921, the only limitations on immigration to the US were placed on Latin Americans.

    A)True
    B)False
    B)False
  76. Mexico had high
    hopes when it went to war with the US in 1846 because:

    A) It had a much larger
    standing army than the US that was well trained by the British.

    B) It looked certain the
    US was going to go war with the British over the Oregon Country and that would
    split the US forces.

    C) They planned to march
    into the South and trigger slave revolts.

    D) All of the above are good reasons why the Mexicans were not afraid of
    the US military in 1846.

    E)
    Mexico was lead at the start of the war by the Napoleon of the West – Santa
    Anna, the greatest general the Americas ever produced.
    • D) All of the above are good reasons why the Mexicans were not afraid of
    • the US military in 1846.
  77. The New York video stated that the invention of
    the elevator started the NYC skyscraper construction boom in the 1920s

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  78. Manufacturers have decreased their
    inventory related cost by:

    A)
    Moving closer to the customers

    B)
    Outsourcing to lower labor cost markets

    C)
    Going to just-in-time manufacturing
    techniques

    D)
    All of the above reduce Inventory related manufacturing cost.

    E)
    None of the above reduces inventory related manufacturing cost.
    C) Going to just-in-time manufacturing techniques
  79. Which of these statements is NOT true
    about the North American manufacturing core?

    A)
    It started in New England with ship building and related activities.

    B)From its founding, Washington D. C. has
    been the center of manufacturing activities in North America

    C) Manufacturing core had all
    resources nearby for a steam and electric powered economy

    D) Agricultural surpluses drove
    initial growth across the Appalachians.

    E) Erie and Welland Canals and Soo
    Locks open entire Great Lakes to water access to world markets.
    • B)From its founding, Washington D. C. has
    • been the center of manufacturing activities in North America
  80. Which of these statements is least
    accurate about the petroleum refineries in the Chicago, Cleveland, St Louis,
    Sarnia, Ontario, and Lima, Ohio areas?

    A)
    They got started refining locally produced petroleum for local markets.

    B)
    They continued to be successful refining gasoline for the new automobile.

    C)
    The oil fields they relied for on have
    being largely depleted so they haveall been forced to shutdown over the last 30
    years.

    D)
    Large pipelines have been built from Alberta, West Texas, the Rocky Mountains,
    and offshore Gulf Coast to the refineries, making crude oil transportation cost
    very low and keeping the refineries viable.
    • C) The
    • oil fields they relied for on have being largely depleted so they haveall been
    • forced to shutdown over the last 30 years.
  81. Akron, Ohio is famous for:

    A)Being the Steel Capital of the World

    B)Being the location of the synthetic rubber manufacturing facilities built by
    the government during World War II
    C)The home of the Akron Professionals, the
    first champions of what would become known as the National Football League.
    D)The original home of the Dodgers and Jackie Robinson, the first African-American
    Major League baseball player.
    E) Its breweries
    • C) The
    • home of the Akron Professionals, the first champions of what would become known
    • as the National Football League.
  82. ) Immigration dropped to lower levels
    during the 1920s because

    A) Canada was able to attract more
    settlers to the Prairie Provinces.

    B) the prohibitions on Chinese and
    Japanese immigration were initiated about that time.

    C) The European economy was better
    during that time than the US economy

    D) the 1924 quota-based immigration law was
    passed.
    • D) the 1924 quota-based immigration law was
    • passed.
  83. Which of the following is NOT true of the
    Canadian Core

    A) It is limited to
    the north by the thin soils, muskeg, and cold conditions of the Canadian Shield

    B) It is exclusively the English speaking
    heart of Canada.

    C) It is limited to
    southern Ontario and southern Quebec

    D) it was almost torn
    apart by the Quebec Secessionist vote in 1995

    E) It’s industrial
    zone is centered in southern Ontario between the Toronto and the Golden
    Horseshoe and the Windsor-Sarnia region.
    • B) It is exclusively the English speaking
    • heart of Canada.
  84. Which of the following contributed the
    LEAST to the migration of African-Americans from the South to northern cities?

    A)
    The arrival of the Boll weevil

    B)
    The immigration quotas of the 1923 immigration law.

    C) Freedom at the end of the Civil War.

    D)Continued growth of Northern industries and the Federal Government,
    particularly during World War II.
    • C) Freedom at the end of the Civil War. (the migration didn’t start until World
    • War I, long after freedom but there weren’t many push or pull factors in place
    • until these other things happened)
  85. In 1900, the percent of foreign born Americans tended
    to be highest in the largernorthern cities and lowest in small southern cities.

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  86. In the American Civil War, the
    Confederate states’ main hope was

    A)
    That its larger population would wear the North down

    B)
    That its advantage in manufacturing would prevail over the North

    C)
    That cutting off Southern food production would starve the North into
    submission.

    D)
    That the English would provide military support
    to the South to keep cotton flowing to British textile mills.
    • D) That
    • the English would provide military support to the South to keep cotton flowing
    • to British textile mills.
  87. Which of
    the following is least accurate about
    Appalachian corn and ethanol production?



    A) Conversion of corn into alcohol
    has long been a method of getting an agricultural product to the market for
    farmers in and west of the Appalachians.

    B) Because conversion to alcohol was so important for western farmers
    in 1790 to get their corn production to market, alcohol was exempt from federal
    excise taxes.

    C)The original excise taxes put on
    alcohol caused unrest and rioting in Pittsburgh that President Washington
    prepared to use the militia to put down.

    D) The roots of NASCAR can be
    traced to the tradition needing a car faster than the police in case the
    illegal ethanol production facility is raided


    E) Appalachian corn was also
    converted to ham, cheese and eggs by hogs, cows and chickens.
    • B) Because conversion to alcohol was so important for western farmers
    • in 1790 to get their corn production to market, alcohol was exempt from federal
    • excise taxes.
  88. Which of the following is true about Appalachian Coal?



    A) The
    seams of coal are thin, (less than one meter thick), requiring vertical mines.

    B) It’s
    higher BTU content gives it a great environmental advantage over Western coals

    C) It
    was formed in the highlands created during the formation of Pangaea a billion
    years ago.

    D) Mechanization
    and stagnate demand have led to un- and under- employment of mineworkers.

    E)
    None of the
    above are true.
    • E)
    • None of the
    • above are true.
  89. If Houston, Texas
    wanted to change its bowl game’sname to an agriculturally correct one for its
    region,what would be the best choice?

    A) Vegetable


    B)
    Rice

    C) Lime

    D) Chili
    pepper

    E) Asparagus
    • B)
    • Rice
  90. Which of the following is true about petroleum and natural
    gas operations in the southern coastal regions

    A) There is so much guaranteed oil
    and gas in offshore Florida that drilling for oil there is supported by most
    political leaders.

    B) Oil and gas production offshore
    Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama is now the third greatest oil
    producing area in the country

    C) About 80% of all US petroleum
    refining is in the GulfCoast region.

    D) Petroleum pipelines move oil from the oil fields to the refineries
    and product pipelines move gasoline, diesel and jet fuel to markets very
    economically.

    E) Many offshore oil platform
    designs are tested for ability to survive storms and storm waves at the t. u.
    wave tank in Austin
    • D) Petroleum pipelines move oil from the oil fields to the refineries
    • and product pipelines move gasoline, diesel and jet fuel to markets very
    • economically.
  91. Which of the following is most accurate about the
    environmental factors affecting the Agricultural Core?

    A) The terrain is generally very
    mountainous.

    B) Exception to the generalized terrain include the driftless zone of
    Wisconsin and the karst terrain in Kentucky

    C) All lakes in the Agricultural
    Core are slowly increasing in size because of erosion and sea-level rise.

    D) All parts of the Agricultural
    Core average less than 30 inches of rain a year.

    E) Until the arrival of Europeans,
    the Prairie Wedge did not exist.
    • B) Exception to the generalized terrain include the driftless zone of
    • Wisconsin and the karst terrain in Kentucky
  92. Which the following is most accurate about the Old South?



    A) The
    Old South’s population in 1860 mostly consisted of descendents of African
    slaves and English, German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, and Cuban immigrants.

    B) The
    first contacts between the settlers of the Old South and the civilized tribes
    of American Indians resulted in immediate race warfare.

    C) By
    1900, about 90% of America’s African-American population had moved to northern
    cities.

    D)
    While
    African Americans lacked political and economic power, their numbers and
    contribution still influenced the development of Southern culture greatly with
    contributions ranging from architecture to agriculture to music.

    E) The
    primary reason for racial conflict in the Old South was religious.
    • D)
    • While
    • African Americans lacked political and economic power, their numbers and
    • contribution still influenced the development of Southern culture greatly with
    • contributions ranging from architecture to agriculture to music.
  93. Which city: economic activity association is not correct:



    A) Atlanta – Center for Disease
    Control and Coca Cola headquarters

    B) Charlotte – Banking and finance

    C) Memphis - Graceland and the
    river

    D) Nashville – FEDEX planes

    E) Birmingham – steel
    D) Nashville – FEDEX planes
  94. Which of these is not associated with Miami

    A) First established by the Spanish

    B) Home to
    half of the Cuban-Americans (Miami and Dade County)

    C) Grew with Flagler’s railroad
    bringing in tourist and retirees from cold Northern States

    D) Had to re-built (renourish) its
    beach

    E) Will have to renourish its beach
    again eventually
    A) First established by the Spanish
  95. Which of the following is not associated with the By-Passed
    East?

    A) Ben and Jerry’s

    B) Lobsters

    C) Excellent ports with excellent landside connections to the rest of
    North America.

    D) The oldest English settlement
    in Canada

    E) Offshore oil production
    • C) Excellent ports with excellent landside connections to the rest of
    • North America.
  96. Which of the following is LEAST accurate about the TVA?

    A) a primary purpose of the program
    was to create jobs

    B) ithelped control flooding in the region

    C) All of the electricity generated by TVA comes from renewable energy sources
    (mostly water power)

    D) the TVAdams created
    hydroelectric power, miles of waterfront property, and improved navigation on
    the Tennessee and CumberlandRivers.

    E) The TVA gave the region a great
    advantage in electric power costs
    • C) All of the electricity generated by TVA comes from renewable energy sources
    • (mostly water power)
  97. What does the quote “General Electric has proved a more devastating invader than General
    Sherman” refer to?



    A) The
    General Electric Company imported boll weevils into Jackson MS for research and
    accidentally let them escape.

    B) Union
    General Winfield R. Electric destroyed the levees on the Mississippi and
    allowed floods to destroy the cotton fields of Mississippi and Louisiana until
    the levees were finally rebuilt in the 1880s.

    C)
    Air
    conditioning turned the open, well ventilated southern homes dominated by front
    porches into closed homes and less friendly neighborhoods.

    D) Television
    has destroyed southern moral values

    E) Air
    conditioning helped attract more Northerners to the South (remember Frank grew
    up in Pennsylvania so be careful!)
    • C)
    • Air
    • conditioning turned the open, well ventilated southern homes dominated by front
    • porches into closed homes and less friendly neighborhoods.
  98. Which of the following is NOT true about sand beaches?



    A)
    Raking of
    beaches is important for beach stability because it keeps the vegetation off
    the beach and dune area.

    B) Sand
    on a beach is constantly moving one general direction alongshore in a movement
    called longshore drift.

    C) Sand
    moves from the dunes to offshore berms in response to storm waves.

    D) Groins
    built to stop beach erosion only relocate where beach erosion takes place.

    E) Loss
    of sediment sources caused the beach at Miami Beach to all but disappear and it
    had to be renourished several years ago.
    • A)
    • Raking of
    • beaches is important for beach stability because it keeps the vegetation off
    • the beach and dune area.
  99. Which of these is NOT related to Houston, Texas?



    A) Owes
    early growth to railroads centered there.

    B) Took
    advantage of air conditioning to create a more amenity rich place.

    C) Became
    the center of the petrochemical industry
    after the WWII synthetic rubber plant was awarded the city.

    D) It
    built a ship channel to the Gulf in the early 20th century that made
    it one of the world’s great ports in terms of tonnage.

    E) It became a major banking center and
    insurance center when the Federal Reserve Bank located there.
    • E) It became a major banking center and
    • insurance center when the Federal Reserve Bank located there.
  100. Which of the
    following does not affect the pattern of the typical Iowa farm and farm
    community?

    A) Barn designs from colonial
    southern eastern Pennsylvania.

    B) Roads laid out on one mile wide
    grids running east-west and north-south.

    C) Increasing importance of high
    technology and information systems

    D) Western migration of the New
    England and Lower Mid-west cultural groups.

    E) All of the above affect the modern Iowa farm and farm community
    E) All of the above affect the modern Iowa farm and farm community
  101. Which of the following is true about the Great Plains and
    Prairies?



    A) The
    region as area extends from the Mexican border to just short of the Canadian
    border.

    B) The
    entire area was a high mountain range that developed about 65 million years ago
    when two continental plates collided.

    C) The
    major crops of the entire region are corn and soybeans

    D) A
    large part of the region is underlain by the Ogallala formation, one of the
    great sources of crude oil in the country.

    E)
    Gravels,
    sands and mud eroded off the rising Rocky Mountains helped fill the inland sea,
    providing the sediments required for both coal/lignite and oil/natural gas formation
    over much of the region
    • E)
    • Gravels,
    • sands and mud eroded off the rising Rocky Mountains helped fill the inland sea,
    • providing the sediments required for both coal/lignite and oil/natural gas formation
    • over much of the region
  102. Which of the following generally decreases going east to
    west across the Great Plains and Prairies? (Going from Kansas City to Denver)



    A) The
    elevation

    B)
    The amount
    of annual rainfall

    C) The
    average farm size

    D) The
    IQ of the residents

    E) None
    of the above.
    • B)
    • The amount
    • of annual rainfall
  103. The number one coal-lignite producing state is now?

    A) Texas

    B) Montana

    C) West Virginia

    D) Kentucky

    E) Wyoming
    E) Wyoming
  104. Which of the
    following physical regions is NOT in the Intermountain West (or Birdsal’sEmpty
    Interior?)

    A) The northern
    Rockies

    B) The Ozarks

    C) The Colorado Plateau

    D) The Great
    Basin

    E) The Sierra
    Nevada
    B) The Ozarks
  105. Which of these is
    LEAST accurate true about the Old South:

    A) It was socially stratified
    culture with an economy based on plantation grown export bulk crops and slave
    and indentured labor.

    B) The Civil War
    destroyed the economy

    C) Reconstruction helped reorient the South to
    a new economic and social success

    D) Regional
    pride has remained strong through all the adversity

    E) The region
    became legally divided by Jim Crow laws into white and non-white societies that
    were intertwined physically and both sectors went downhill economically on
    separate paths
    • C) Reconstruction helped reorient the South to
    • a new economic and social success
  106. Iowa is least famous for ?

    A) Wheat
    production

    B) Corn Production

    C) Cattle outnumber humans

    D) Pig production

    E) New ethanol
    plants
    • A) Wheat
    • production
  107. Which of the following human landscape features is not
    attributable to the Land Ordinance of 1785?

    A) New England road patterns

    B) Roads on a one mile by one mile
    square grid system oriented east-west, north-south

    C) 160 acre
    (quarter section) farms

    D) Quilt
    pattern to fields as seen from air

    E)
    36 square mile townships with at least two sections of land devoted to
    developing schools and local government
    A) New England road patterns
  108. Which of following is not part of the Appalachians
    Mountains?

    A) The Basin and Range

    B) The Blue
    Ridge

    C) Ridge
    and Valley Province

    D) The
    Appalachian Plateau

    E) All of
    the above are part of the Appalachian Mountains
    • A) The Basin and
    • Range
  109. Which of these statements is least true of Appalachian
    Plateau?

    A) Its
    horizontal sedimentary layers include coal seams

    B) The
    layers are eroded to give “rumpled” topography – no flat land

    C) Its sedimentary layers were thrust into an almost vertical
    configuration and the layers eroded
    differentially to create ridges and valleys

    D) Almost
    the entire area is underlain with multiple coal seems that can be 10 foot thick
    • C) Its sedimentary layers were thrust into an almost vertical
    • configuration and the layers eroded
    • differentially to create ridges and valleys
  110. The Appalachian ridges and valleys trend in a northeast to southwest direction

    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  111. Which of these states is most entirely in the Appalachians?

    A) Kentucky

    B) Pennsylvania

    C) Virginia

    D) Arkansas

    E) West Virginia
    E) West Virginia
  112. Which of the following is NOT associated with Memphis?

    A) The Grand Old Opry

    B)) Beale Street blues music.

    C) An airport that is very active
    at night.

    D)
    Elvis

    E) The Mississippi River
    A) The Grand Old Opry
  113. Which of these statements is NOT true of barrier islands?

    A)They are very extensive on the Gulf and East coast of the US but rare on the West Coast

    B)Sea-level rise is forcing all barrier islands seaward.

    C) Occasional washover during storms is normal.

    D)Cape Canaveral, Miami Beach, Galveston, Pensacola Beach, the Sea Islands of Georgia, South Padre and Hilton Head are examples of barrier islands

    E)All of the above are true about barrier islands
    B)Sea-level rise is forcing all barrier islands seaward.
  114. Which of these
    statements about the Hispanic and non-Hispanic Americans in the border region
    is NOT accurate?

    A) When the US acquired the Mexican
    Cession and annexed Texas, Hispanics made up less than 10% of the population of
    Texas and California

    B) When the US acquired the Mexican Cession and annexed Texas, the
    largest Hispanic community acquired was in modern day Arizona.

    C)
    Hispanics are a majority in San Antonio.

    D) The two cultures continue side
    by side, with varying degrees of cultural
    sharing and acculturation taking place, with each increasing influenced
    and modified by the other.
    • B) When the US acquired the Mexican Cession and annexed Texas, the
    • largest Hispanic community acquired was in modern day Arizona.
  115. Which of the
    following is most accurate about the Maquiladoras (Twin Plants)?

    A)They are part of the program of to protect
    Mexican industries by imposing high
    tariffs on goods imported into Mexico.

    B)They allow American manufacturers to take advantage of lower labor rates in Mexico (and perhaps less strict
    environmental laws) for labor intensive activities.

    C)They have led to lower than the
    Mexican average wage rates for workers on both
    sides of the borders.

    D)They are developed to allow
    American manufacturers to get around high Mexican
    tariffs and get products into Mexico.
    • B)They allow American manufacturers to take advantage of lower labor rates in Mexico (and perhaps less strict
    • environmental laws) for labor intensive activities.
  116. San Francisco and
    the other coastal towns in north and central California experience a Summer Fog
    Mediterranean climate, resulting in heavy cloudbanks hugging the hills and
    cliffs and cooling the area during the summer.


    A)True
    B)False
    A)True
  117. The Ogallala formation:

    A) Will
    never run dry

    B) Contains
    huge reserves of crude oil and natural gas

    C) Provides
    irrigation water for the Agricultural Core states

    D) Has
    a maximum thickness of about 10 feet.

    E)
    Is
    considered a fossil aquifer in that it is has been cut off hydraulically from
    its recharge zone and is not being recharged and will soon be dried up.
    • E)
    • Is
    • considered a fossil aquifer in that it is has been cut off hydraulically from
    • its recharge zone and is not being recharged and will soon be dried up
  118. The 8.2 Richter (estimated)
    scale earthquake that rocked San Francisco in1906

    A) Could never happen again

    B) Was 25% more powerful than the 6.5 San Fernando
    earthquake in 1971

    C) Probably had a
    Mercalli scale reading of X or XI.

    D) Most damage was caused by the resulting tsunami.

    E) None of the above are true.
    • C) Probably
    • had a Mercalli scale reading of X or XI.
  119. Which of the following is NOT
    true about corn.

    A) It is
    almost perfectly adapted to Agricultural Core’s climate

    B)
    Cows can eat the whole plant with proper treatment of
    the stocks.

    C) It is normally rotated with wheat that
    returns nitrogen to soil that the corn depletes

    D)
    Ethanol has always been a product produced from corn,
    first as sour mash whiskey and now as gasoline additive

    E)
    Ethanol demand is the fasting growing use corn and the
    increased government driven demand has driven up the cost of corn and corn feed
    meat and poultry products.
    • C) It is normally rotated with wheat that
    • returns nitrogen to soil that the corn depletes
  120. The Borderland have high levels of poverty, which of the
    following provide the best explanation for this level of poverty?

    A) US workers have to compete with
    workers willing to work for much lower labor rates across the border on work
    that can move across the border.

    B) The border states have large
    populations

    C) Workers from the other side are
    willing to risk all to join the labor pool on the US side of the border, adding
    to the supply of labor and thus putting downward pressure on wage rates

    D) All of the above.

    E) A and C only
    E) A and C only
  121. Which of the following is not associated with California
    Agriculture

    A) produces
    half of the US fruits and vegetables

    B) strongly dependent on irrigation
    water from the Colorado and California Aqueducts

    C) Great variety of sub-climates
    allows for great variety of agricultural products and leads nation in growing
    80 different fruits and vegetables

    D) All of the above are true



    E) None of the above are true.
    D) All of the above are true
  122. Which of these is not associated with Florida (according to
    the States video)

    A)
    An 84 million visitor a year tourist industry
    contributing over $60 billion dollars to the state’s economy

    B)
    The oldest
    average population of any state with 17% over 65 years of age.

    C)
    The southern part is a giant Sawgrass Swamp, essentially a wide, slow moving river

    D) An overseas highway that connected Florida
    to Cuba until it was destroyed by a hurricane in 1935.

    E)
    A state that owes much to an old railroad building oil
    man whose friends thought had lost his mind.
    • D) An overseas highway that connected Florida
    • to Cuba until it was destroyed by a hurricane in 1935.
  123. Which of these statements is NOT true about Alabama.

    A) It was the birthplace of Hank
    Aaron, Willie Mays, Helen Keller, and Reuben Stoddard

    B) Like much of the southern US,
    Jim Crow laws required segregated public facilities for African-Americans after
    the end of Reconstruction, including separate sections of public buses.

    C) Alabaman Rosa Parks is credited
    with starting the civil rights movement in 1955 by refusing to give up her seat
    to a white woman on a Montgomery city bus.

    D) Alabama governor George Wallace would lead the civil rights movement
    after his election in 1963, largely because he wanted African-American football
    players to be allowed to play for the University of Alabama and Auburn
    University.

    E) Alabama had a hill country
    county that wanted to succeed from Alabama when Alabama joined the Confederacy
    • D) Alabama governor George Wallace would lead the civil rights movement
    • after his election in 1963, largely because he wanted African-American football
    • players to be allowed to play for the University of Alabama and Auburn
    • University.
  124. Which of these is not found in South Dakota?

    A) Mount Rushmore

    B) What when finished will be the
    world’s largest statue, that of Crazy Horse.

    C) The monument to the man who discovered gold in the Black Hills, George Armstrong Custer.

    D) The “world’s largest bird
    feeder” in Mitchell

    E) Parts of the Badlands
    C) The monument to the man who discovered gold in the Black Hills, George Armstrong Custer.

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