CNAChpt19April

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Author:
harstanner
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54459
Filename:
CNAChpt19April
Updated:
2010-12-08 21:21:57
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CNA Chapter Terms April
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Chapter 19 Terms
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  1. A condition in which the red blood cells or the hemoglobin in red blood cells is very low
    Anemia
  2. Chest pain
    Angina pectoris
  3. Special stockings used to help prevent swelling and blood clots and aid circulation; also called elastic stockings
    Anti-embolic stockings
  4. Vessel that carries blood away from the heart
    Artery
  5. The upper two chamber of the heart
    Atria
  6. Tiny blood vessels in which the exchanges of gases, nutrients, and waste products occurs between blood and cells
    Capillaries
  7. A condition in which the heart muscle is diseased and no longer pumps effectively
    Cardiomyopathy
  8. A condition in which the heart muscle is damaged and does not pump effectively; blood backs up into the heart instead of circulating; can occur on one or both sides of the heart
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
  9. A condition in which blood vessels in the coronary arteries narrow, lowering blood supply to the heart
    and depriving it of oxygen and nutrients
    Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
  10. Phase when the heart muscle relaxes
    Diastole
  11. Four-chambered pump that is responsible for the flow of blood in the body
    Heart
  12. A condition in which all or part of the blood flow to the heart is blocked and muscle cells die; also called a myocardial infarction
    Heart attack
  13. A condition in which blood pressure consistently measures 140/90 or higher; also known as high blood pressure
    Hypertension
  14. A condition in which the body does not receive enough oxygen
    Hypoxia
  15. Lack of blood supply to an area
    Ischemia
  16. A condition in which the heart muscles does not receive enough blood and lacks oxygen; can cause angina pectoris
    Myocardial Ischemia
  17. Medication that relaxes the walls of the coronary arteries
    Nitroglycerin
  18. A complete obstruction of a blood vessel
    Occlusion
  19. Shortness of breath when lying down that is relieved by sitting up
    Orthopnea
  20. A condition in which the legs, feet, arms or hands do not have enough blood circulation
    Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)
  21. Inflammation of the veins in the lower extremities
    Phlebitis
  22. A condition in which there is an accumulation of fluid in the lungs; usually due to heart failure
    Pulmonary Edema
  23. Special stockings used to improve circulation and prevent blood clots; may be applied during or after surgery
    Sequential Compression Devices (SCD)
  24. Chest pain that occurs when a person is active or under severe stress
    Stable Angina
  25. Phase where the heart is at work, contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
    Systole
  26. Chest pain that occurs while a person is at rest and not
    exerting himself
    Unstable Angina (USA)
  27. Vessel that carries blood to the heart
    Vein
  28. The lower two chamber of the heart
    Ventricles

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