CNAChpt21April

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Author:
harstanner
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54473
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CNAChpt21April
Updated:
2010-12-08 21:45:16
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CNA Chapter Terms April
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Chapter 21 Terms
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  1. Moving a body part away from the midline of the body
    Abduction
  2. Moving a body part toward the midline of the body
    Adduction
  3. The surgical removal of an extremity
    Amputation
  4. A general term that refers to inflammation of the joints
    Arthritis
  5. The wasting way, decreasing in size, and weakening of muscles from lack of use
    Atrophy
  6. Rigid connective tissue that make up the skeleton; lend support to body structures, allowing the body to move, and protect the organs
    Bones
  7. Tiny sacs of fluid that are located near joints and help reduce friction
    Bursae
  8. The protective substance that covers the end of bones and make up the discs that are found between vertebrae
    Cartilage
  9. The permanent and painful stiffening of muscles
    Contracture
  10. Bending a body part
    Flexion
  11. A broken bone
    Fracture
  12. The ability to support full body weight on both legs
    Full Weight-Bearing (FWB)
  13. The points where two bones meet; provide movement and flexibility
    Joints
  14. Strong band of fibrous connective tissue that connect bones and support the joints and joint movement
    Ligaments
  15. Groups of tissue that contract and relax, allowing motion, supporting the body, protecting organs, and creating heat.
    Muscles
  16. An inherited, progressive disease that causes a gradual wasting of muscle, weakness and deformity
    Muscular Dystrophy
  17. The ability to support any weight on one or both legs
    Non-Weight-Bearing (NWB)
  18. A type of arthritis that usually affects weight-bearing joints, especially the hips and knees; also called degenerative joint disease (DJD)
    Osteoarthritis
  19. The ability to support some body weight on one or both legs
    Partial Weight-Bearing (PWB)
  20. Pain in a limb (or extremity) that has been amputated
    Phantom Limb Pain
  21. Itching or tingling feeling from a body part that has been
    amputated
    Phantom Sensation
  22. A specially-fitted artificial body part that replaces a missing limb or extremity
    Prosthesis
  23. A type of arthritis in which joints become red, swollen, and very painful; movement is restricted and deformities of the hands are common
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
  24. Tough fibrous bands that connect muscle to bone
    Tendons
  25. A surgery that replace the head of the femur (long bone of the leg) where it joins the hip
    Total Hip Replacement (THR)
  26. A surgery that replaces a damaged or painful knee with artificial parts
    Total Knee Replacement (TKR)

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