CNAChpt22April

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harstanner
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54481
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CNAChpt22April
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2010-12-08 22:31:13
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CNA Chapter Terms April
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Chapter 22 Terms
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  1. A condition in which the macula degenerates, gradually causing central vision loss
    Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
  2. The state of being excited, restless, or troubled
    Agitated
  3. A progressive, degenerative, and irreversible disease that is a form of dementia; there is no cure
    Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)
  4. A type of depression that cases a person to have mood swings, changes in energy levels and the ability to function; also called manic depression
    Bipolar Disorder
  5. The part of the nervous system housed in the skull that is responsible for motor activity, memory, thought, speech, and intelligence, along with regulation of vital function, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing
    Brain
  6. Mental or physical exhaustion due to a prolonged period of stress and frustration
    Burnout
  7. A condition in which the lens of an eye becomes cloudy, causing vision loss
    Cataract
  8. Reacting to something in an unreasonable, exaggerated way
    Catastrophic Reaction
  9. Part of the nervous system made up of the brain and spinal cord
    Central Nervous System
  10. A condition caused when the blood supply to the brain is cut off suddenly by a blood clot or a ruptured blood vessel; also called a stroke
    Cerebrovascular Accident
  11. The ability to think clearly and logically
    Cognition
  12. A head injury that occurs from a banging movement of the brain against the skull
    Concussion
  13. A sudden state of severe confusion due to a change in the body; also called acute confusional state or acute brain syndrome
    Delirium
  14. A belief in something that is not true, or is out of touch with reality
    Delusion
  15. A serious, progressive loss of mental abilities such as thinking, remembering, reasoning, and communicating
    Dementia
  16. Any behavior that disturbs others
    Disruptive Behavior
  17. The act of wandering away from the facility in which a resident with Alzheimer’s disease lives.
    Elopement
  18. The ability to see distant objects more clearly than objects that are near; also called hyperopia
    Farsightedness
  19. An anxiety disorder characterized by chronic anxiety, excessive worrying, and tension, even when there is no cause for these feelings
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
  20. A condition in which the pressure in the eye increases, damaging the optic nerve and causing blindness
    Glaucoma
  21. Seeing or hearing things that are not really there
    Hallucinations
  22. A battery-operated device that amplified sound
    Hearing Aid
  23. Loss of vision on one-half of the visual field , due to CVA, tumor or trauma
    Hemianopsia
  24. Collecting and putting things away in a guarded way
    Hoarding
  25. A way to change an action or development
    Intervention
  26. Term used to refer to a disease or condition that cannot be cured
    Irreversible
  27. Refers to the normal function of emotional and intellectual abilities
    Mental Health
  28. A disease that disrupts a person’s ability to function at a normal level in the family, home, or community
    Mental Illness
  29. A progressive disease in which the protective covering for the nerves, spinal cord, and white matter of the brain breaks down over time; without this covering, nerves cannot send messages to and from the brain in a normal way
    Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  30. The ability to see objects that are near more clearly than distant objects; also called myopia
    Nearsightedness
  31. The basic nerve cell of the nervous system
    Neuron
  32. A disorder characterized by repetitive behavior used to cope with anxiety
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  33. Walking back and forth in the same area
    Pacing
  34. An anxiety disorder that causes repeated episodes of intense fear for no known reason
    Panic Disorder
  35. A form of mental illness characterized by hallucinations
    and delusions
    Paranoid Schizophrenia
  36. A loss of function of lower body and legs
    Paraplegia
  37. A progressive disease that causes a portion of the brain to degenerate; causes rigid muscles, shuffling gait, pill-rolling, mask-like face, and tremors
    Parkinson’s Disease
  38. Part of the nervous system made up of the nerves that extend throughout the body and connect to the spinal cord
    Peripheral Nervous System
  39. The repetition of word, phrases, questions, or actions
    Perseveration
  40. Taking things that belong to someone else; not considered stealing
    Pillaging
  41. Anxiety-related disorder caused by a traumatic experience
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  42. Loss of function of legs, trunk, and arms
    Quadriplegia
  43. Something that continually gets worse and deteriorates
    Progressive
  44. Type of therapy that uses calendars, clocks, signs, and lists to help people with Alzheimer’s disease remember who and where they are
    Reality Orientation
  45. Type of therapy that encourages people with Alzheimer’s disease to remember and talk about their past
    Reminiscence Therapy
  46. Type of therapy that promotes self-esteem, self-awareness, and socialization in groups for people with Alzheimer’s disease
    Remotivation Therapy
  47. Going through items that belong to other people
    Rummaging
  48. A form of chronic mental illness that may have acute episodes; affects a person’s ability to think, communicate, make decisions, and understand reality
    Schizophrenia
  49. A disorder in which a person has excessive anxiety about social situation; also called social phobia
    Social Anxiety Disorder
  50. A disorder in which a person has excessive anxiety about social situations; also called social phobia
    Spinal Disorder
  51. The part of the nervous system inside the vertebral canal that conducts messages between the brain and the body and controls spinal reflexes
    Spinal Cord
  52. The use of legal or illegal substances in a way that is harmful to oneself or others
    Substance Abuse
  53. A condition in which a person gets restless and agitated in the late afternoon, evening, or night
    Sundowning
  54. A situation that leads to agitation
    Trigger
  55. Giving value to or approving
    Validating
  56. A type of therapy that lets people with Alzheimer’s disease believe they are living in the past or in imaginary circumstances
    Validation Therapy
  57. Work to describe actions that include attacking, hitting, or threatening someone
    Violent
  58. Walking around a facility without any known goal or purpose
    Wandering
  59. The physical and mental symptoms caused by ceasing to use a particular addictive substance
    Withdrawal

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