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A cervical spinal cord transection to the C1 to C3 area will lead to
the respiratory centers are relatively protected from
useful tool in quantifying the degree of muscle weakness and identifying trends in the course of a neuromuscular disease.
mip or nif
An injury to C3 to C5 will most likely cause paralysis to the
In normal neurologic function, nerve endings, when stimulated, releases
acetylcholine into the neuromuscular junction.
Myasthenia gravis is an example of a neuromuscular disease caused by a
disruption of the chemical transmission of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction.
The thymus gland is almost always abnormal in
a treatment modality that may be used in treatment of both Myasthenia gravis AND Guillain-Barré syndrome.
used as a diagnostic tool in Myasthenia gravis.
example of a neuromuscular disease caused by acute, inflammatory polyneuritis of the peripheral motor neurons, which may involve the respiratory muscles.
The components of normal neuromuscular function in breathing includes
- Respiratory centers
- Respiratory muscles
- Peripheral nerves
Which of the following is categorized as muscles of inspiration?
- Scalene muscles
- Sternocleidomastoid muscles
Which of the following is categorized as muscles of expiration?
Internal intercostal muscles
Exacerbation of symptoms that result in respiratory impairment
common treatment modalities for Guillain-Barré
- Supportive care
- Immunoglobulin infusion
commonly used as diagnostic tools for Myasthenia gravis
- Tensilon test
- CT and/or MRI scans
examples of cholinesterase inhibitors?
- Edrophonium chloride
Clinical signs of Myasthenia gravis
- Weakness progressing in a descending pattern
- Impaired speech
Pulmonary function testing in Myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barré syndrome frequently demonstrate
Decrease in volumes and expiratory flows
Neuromuscular disease can cause
- Alveolar consolidation
- Mucus accumulation
Arterial blood gases in Guillain-Barré syndrome most frequently demonstrate