Card Set Information
What is a release plan?
A plan setting out the residential, educational and treatments arrangements made for an inmate applying for conditional release
What does the release plan consists of?
Release plan contains informaition about where the prospective parole will live, employment prospects, and any arragements for community-based support
Who approves the release plans?
Release plans must be vetted by probation or parole officers in the community into which the offender will be released
What is conditional release?
the various means of leaving a correctional institution before warrant expiry
What is the purpose of conditional release?
Facilitate the rehabilitation of offenders and their reintegration into the community as law-abiding citizens
A bridge between incarceration adn the return to community
Based on belief that offenders should be given gradual release into society
Part of system's innovations to provide incentives for offenders to behave, reform
Where does the release begins with?
The release process starts with the sentencing
The length of sentence determines max amount of time the offender can be kept inside
The minimal amout of time before eligible for conditional release
Who makes the release decision?
The decision to release is made by the National Parole Board or the provincial board in QC and ONT
Independent of the corrections system
Will make the least restrictive decision, consistent with the protection of society
What are the similarities on parole and probation?
Both involve supervision of offenders in the community under a set conditions and restriction on liberty
What are the differences between parole and probation?
Probation is a sentence, ordered by the judge at the time of sentencing
Parile concerns prison inmates, allow them to serve part of their sentence in the community
If ciolation of parole leads to suspension, offenders go back to jail
Violation on conditions of probation dont automatically lead to pirson, new charge laid and go back to court
What is the preliminary set information review by parole boards?
What is the rate of grants for parole?
less and less applications, and less and less grants
The NPB grants parole in 40% of the cases
Similar in ONT
What are the pros of parole?
Reduced risk of criminal socialization
Increased opportunites for rehabilation
What are the cons of parole?
Relative lack of punishemtn
Increased risk to the community
Increased social cost
What are the 4 types of conditional release?
What are TAs?
Granted by the institution and can begin soon after admission
1st that inmates are eligible for
most common type of release for provincial inmates
BC eliminated TAs
fed inmates may be escorted during their TA, can be unescorted after 1/6 sentence
What is day parole?
Allows inmates to participate in community programs, have to come back and sleep in the institution
Granted by boards to aid transition to full parole
Generally does not exceed 6 months
: available at 1/6 of sentence
: 6 months before full parole
: 3 years before FP
Who supervises during day parole?
: supervised by probation officers
: supervised by parole
What is full parole?
Inmates serve the the remainder of their sentence under supervision in the community
Most common type of release for federal inmates
Eligible after serving 1/3 of sentence (except lifers)
What is statutory release?
The release of federal inmates, subject to supervision, after two-thirds of the sentence has been served
most federal inmates, by law, must be released at that point
Administrative decicion of the correctional system, not NPB
What is cold turkey release?
Inmate are released with no conditions or supervision
: released at 2/3 of their sentence
: release at warrant expiry date
How long do inmates have to serve in order to apply for hope clause?