Chemistry final review

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dfernandez003
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Chemistry final review
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2011-04-21 08:04:39
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Chemistry final review
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Chemistry Final Review
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  1. Organic chemistry is:
    The Chemistry of carbon-containing compounds
  2. Which of the follwoing is a hydrocarbon?

    - An alkane
    - An alkene
    - An alkyne
    All of them
  3. What class of compounds have sweet odors and are used in perfumes and flavorings?
    esters
  4. What is the general formula for an ether?
    R-O-R
  5. The LD50 is:
    The lethal dose for 50% of a population of animals
  6. What hazard is associated with moldy peanuts?
    Aflotoxin
  7. The source of _________ in water include decaying vegegation, fertilizer, animal excrement, and sewage.
    Nitrates
  8. Cholera is caused by:
    bacteria
  9. Who identified different types of radiation?
    Ernest Rutherford
  10. Which types of radiation has have the highest penetrating power?
    Y rays
  11. What do we call the splitting of an atomic nucleus into two or more similar fragments?
    fission
  12. Most isotopes used to in medical diagnosis emit what?
    Y rays
  13. What is the treatmetn for thallium poisoning and how does it work?
    (MEMORIZE ANSWER)

    The treatment is to give the individuals Prussian blue. This compound binds to the thallium and prevents its absorption by the intestine. The compound aso releases potassium ions.
  14. What is beta decay?
    • 0
    • -1e
  15. what is alpha decay?
    • 4
    • -2e
  16. What is alkene?
    • any double bond
  17. What is amine?
    Any time N is connected to carbons and you have a bond of H

  18. What is ester?
    When Oxygen has "y" looking structure with a double bond.

  19. What is ether?
    When there is an oxygen with 2 single bonds


  20. What is it called when bonds connect .. ( they make a shape like a square, triangle, etc) ???
    cyclo-
  21. What is one bond called?
    alkane
  22. What is two bonds called?
    alkene
  23. What is three bonds called?
    alkyne
  24. What are the Carbon Prefixes 1 through 10
    MEPB (My Ernesto Peanut Butter [1-4])

    • 1 - Meth
    • 2 - eth
    • 3 - prop
    • 4 - but
    • 5 - pent
    • 6 - hex
    • 7 - hept
    • 8 - oct
    • 9 - non
    • 10 - dec
  25. When a little carbon branch sticks out what is it called?
    Methyl
  26. What is the General formula for Alchohol?
    R-OH
  27. What is the general formula for Aldehydes
    • ...O
    • ...||
    • R-CH
  28. What is the formula for Carboxylic Acids?
    • ...O
    • ...||
    • R-C-OH
  29. What is the general formula for amines?
    R3N
  30. What is the general formula for Esters?
    • ......O
    • ......||
    • R-O-C-R
  31. What is the general formula for Ketones?
    • ...O
    • ...||
    • R-C-R
  32. What is the General formula for Alkanes?
    CnH2n+2
  33. What is the general formula for Alkenes?
    CnH2n
  34. What is the general formula for Alkynes?
    CnH2n-2

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