Articulations

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Author:
mdkramer
ID:
54577
Filename:
Articulations
Updated:
2010-12-09 13:17:37
Tags:
Anatomy Physiology
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Description:
Articulations and Movement
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  1. synarthroses
    immovable joints
  2. diarthroses
    freely movable joints
  3. amphiarthorses
    slightly moveable joints
  4. suture
    • type of synarthroses
    • fibrous
    • joint located only between the bones of the skull
  5. gomphoses
    • type of synartroses
    • fibrous
    • binds the teeth to bony sockets in the maxillae and mandible
  6. synchondrosis
    • type of synarthroses
    • cartilaginous
    • rigit, cartilaginious bridge between two bones
    • ex. connection between the ends of the first pair of vertebrosternal ribsa nd the sternum
  7. synostosis
    • type of synarthroses
    • bony fusion
    • totally rigid immovable joint when two bones fuse and boundry between them disappears
  8. syndesmosis
    • type of amphiarthrosis
    • fibrous
    • ligamentous connection
    • ex. between tibia and fibula
  9. symphysis
    • type of amphiarthrosis
    • cartilaginous
    • connection by a fibrous cartilage pad
    • ex. between right and left pubic bones of pelvis, between adjacent vertebral bodies along vertebral column
  10. synovial
    • types of diarthrosis
    • monoaxial- permits movement in one plane- elbow, ankle
    • biaxial- two planes- ribs, wrist
    • triaxial- 3 planes- shoulder hip
  11. gliding joint
    • synovial joint
    • slight nonaxial or multiaxial
    • ex. acromioclavicular, intercarpal/intertarsal joints
  12. hinge joint
    • synovial joint
    • monoaxial
    • ex. elbow, knee, ankle, interphalangeal joint
  13. pivot joint
    • synovial joint
    • monoaxial (rotational)
    • ex. atlas/axis, proximal radio-ulnar joint
  14. ellipsoid joint
    • synovial joint
    • biaxial
    • ex. radiocarpal joint, metacarpophalangeal joints 2-5, metatarsophalangeal joints
  15. saddle joint
    • synovial joint
    • biaxial
    • first carpometacarpal joint
  16. ball and socket joint
    • synovial joint
    • triaxial
    • ex. shoulder, hip

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