American Government Final
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voters choose the party's candidate in this election
voters choose which candidate will win the office being sought in this election
a meeting of the party members held to select delegates to the national convention
What are four characteristics of defining a political party?
- they run candidates under their own label, or affiliation
- they seek to govern
- they have broad concerns, focused on many issues
- they are quasi-public organizations that have a special relationship with the government
How are Republicans today different from the traditional Republicans?
- Traditional Republicans advocated smaller governmental role in social welfare
- Republicans today advocate stronger governmnent with traditional moral values
the situation that exists when Congress is controlled by one party and the presidency by the other
a shift in party allegiances or electoral support
the practice od rewarding political supporters with jobs
system in which a party leader rewarded political supporters with jobs or governmental
a group of like-minded individuals for the purpose of promoting an issue
What all do campaigns do?
- promote their issues
- raise money
- recruit canadiates
- develop the issues
- conduct the primary
- turnout on Election Day
the situation in which fewer voters support the two major political parties, instead identifying themselves as independent, or splitting their ticket between canididates from more than one party
voting on a constitutional amendment, local sales tax, basically on an issue; none in Georgia
a issue generated by the citizens; none in Georgia
What determines newsworthiness?
framing & agenda-setting
Discuss the Fairness Doctorine.
- passed in the 1960's to get news to cover both sides of news
- Reagan repealed it , fueling the talk radio circuit
The largest newspaper in circulation
Wall Street Journal
a phenomeonon that helps incumbents; if you have to choose between a familiar but unpleasant situation and an unfamiliar situation, choose the familiar one because the unfamiliar situation may turn out to be worse
the phenomenon where candidates running for a lower-level office such as city council benefit in an election from the popularity of a top-of-ticket nominee
the ides that Internet traffic should flow without interference or discrimination by those who own or run the Internet pipeline
the practice of aiming media content at specific segments of the public
the determination of what will go on the news for your certain time slot, showing bias
What is the difference between media and journalism?
- A journalist engages in newsgathering and subsequently newsreporting for financial gain
- the media entertains us
what is the difference between a political party and an interest group?
- A political party is an organization of ideologically similar people that nominates and elects its members to office
- An interest group works to promote an issue and can become a political party
What are the fundamental aspects of civic engagement?
What are the fundamental aspects of political participation?
- volunteering for campaigns
- running for office
Why have levels of political participation decreased?
because the levels of social capital have decreased
The day in early March where the most primaries are held; many in the South
Describe how a runoff works.
If no candidate receives more than 50% of a vote, then several of the top vote-getters run in another subsewuent election
Citizens can directly decide on policy questions how?
proposed by the state legislature; state bond issues, state constitutional amendments, etc.
citizen-sponsored; typically propelled to public vote through efforts of citizens and interest groups
How does a proposition work and what is it?
An initative where 10% of voters from the previous election must sign a petition for the proposition to be placed on the ballot
a ballot that organizes candidates by political party
a ballot that arranges all candidates for a particular office under the name of that office
What are some of the drawbacks of voting by mail?
- people do not consider all the facts of the candidates before they cast their ballot
- increases the chances of voter fraud
- eliminates privacy
- undermines feelings of civic engagement by eliminating a source of psychological rewards of voters
What are reasons to run for a political office?
- sense of responsibility
- sense of party loyalty
- personal goals
- interest in increasing candidates name recognition (often for business reasons)
What are the most important factors when considering voter turnout?
- party competiveness
What are the main functions of the media?
- provide political information
- help us interpret events and policies and are influential in setting the national policy agenda
- provide a forum for political conversations
- socialize children to the political culture
the process by which the media set a context that helps consumers understand important events and matters of shared interest
the public issues that must demand the attention of government officials
bringing certain policies on issues to the public agenda through media coverage
irresponsible, sensationalist approach to news reporting
criticism and exposes of corruption in government and industry by journalists at the turn of the 20th century
What was the first electronic medium and who was the first president to make use of it?
Radio; Franklin D. Roosevelt
the sharing of viewpoints and the articulation of personal positions on public issues
the breaking down of the media according to the specific audiences they target (ex. BET, Spike TV, HGTV, etc.)
one who simultaneously consume info and news and produce information in forms like video, blogs, and websites
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