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what is an art process?
the process of making art such as painting, modeling, drawing etc.
what is art media?
the medium used to make art.
what is a contour line?
the outline of an object.
what is relief carving?
- the image to be printed is raised from the background.
- examples include, steles ( an inscribed stone pillar), & the Ishtar Gate, & the west frieze of the Parthenon.
what are the Greek sculpture periods?
- Archaic: Stiff and unrelaxed, large free standing figures begin to be popular.
- Classical: More idealistic, figures begin to move in space.
- Hellenistic: more realistic and showed true human. Dramatic & often times violet images are also created. emotion and defects.
what is contrapposto?
a pose in which the weight of the body is balanced on one leg while the other is free & relaxed.
what is slip?
clay mixed with water. used to attach clay after scoring. also used to decorate.
what is sgraffito?
carving through one color to reveal another.
what are some subjects of greek art?
gods & the prefect person towards the end more realistic components.
what are the two periods of greek pottery?
the geometric period figures made of triangles and lines & realism - red & black.
what are murals?
art painted directly onto walls.
what are barrel vaults & groin vaults
barrel vault~built to roof large ares. a series of round arches from front to back that form a tunnel. This made it possible to cover huge rooms & halls w/ half-round stone ceilings. had to have windowless walls.
Groin vault- formed when 2 barrel vaults meet at a right angle, also allowed the placement of windows
what is a motif?
a repeated idea, pattern, image, or theme
what is an abtract
simplification or exaggeration of a form.
what is negative space and what is positive space?
- negative space: Negative space refers tot he shapes around the objects.
- positive space: positive space refers tot he shapes of the actual objects.
what is an Egungun?
worn by the Yoruba people to honor ancestors during public dances. covered from head to toe.
what are Molas?
- a textile made by sewing layers of colored cloth together to form patterns.
- made by the Kuna indians
- designs based on natural formations found in coral. Recently, mola designs have expanded to include figurative depictions of animals, fish & vegetation that are native to the San Blas Island
what was a ziggurat?
a stepped mountain made of brick-covered earth. It satisfied the desire to create a monument that appeared to span the space between earthbound worshipers & their heavenly gods.
what were pyramids?
- tombs built for the dead.
- mastaba: a low flat tomb. rectangular tombs & sloping sides & contained a chapel & a false burial chamber w/ a real one.
- step pyramid: several mastabas stacked together
- Pyramid: built without steps & a point was added on the top.
symmetrical vs asymmetrical
- symmetrical: exact images on both sides of a dividing line; balanced & equal weight
- asymmetrical balance: different on the left side of the image as compared to the right side. uneven & unbalanced.
what are 3 types of architecture influenced by Buddhism
a vharas (monasteries) , the stupa ( burial shrines), & temples.
what are totem poles
tall posts carved & painted w/ a series of animal symbols associated w/ a particular family or clan.
gigantic heads carved in volcanic rock
8 themes of african art?
- 1. Birth
- 2. death
- 3. roles of men
- 4. roles of women
- 5. coming of age
- 6. food & water
- 7. sickness and healing
- 8. ancestors
the seated gudea
the figure is solid, w/ no openings between the arms & body. overall effect is quiet dignity
three order of columns
- the doric order: simple heavy column w/out a base topped by a broad, plain capital.
- ionic order: columns had an elaborate base & a capital carved into double scrolls that looked like the horns of a ram.
- corinthian order: the capital is elongated & decorated w/ leaves.
the rules of Egyptian art
head, arms, legs, & feet were always shown in profile. eyes & shoulder had a frontal view.
what is a stele?
an inscribed stone pillar placed in public area for all to see.
the code of hammurabi
one of the first examples of propaganda in art. included a list punishments for crimes.
greek vs romans
idealistic vs realistic
revealed the importance attached to the animals they relied on.
what is a kente cloth?
a briliantly colored & patterned fabric
luba people & neckrests
to avoid messing up their hair?