Micro: Chapter 2: Chemistry
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Micro: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Micro Chapter CHemistry
Micro:Chapter 2: Chemistry
Smallest unit of matter with unique characteristics
The postice charge of a proton is balnced by
the negative charge of an electron
electrons move around the nucleus in an atom on pathways calleded
bonds in which electrons share
a hydrogen stom and oxygen atom adjacent to each other make a
an atom that can donate elcetron during a reaction is called?
int he solution Nacl and water what is Nacl? and what is the water?
Solute and solvent
Fructose is a type of
Bonding between a polysacharide and ploypeptidea has a removal of
the monomer unit of a polysacharide such as starch and cellulose, most common and universally important monosacchride
proteins are systhesized by linking amino acids with what type of bond?
which hereditary molecule is made up of Deoxyribose, phosphate and nitrogen gas?
Proteins can funtions as
enzymes, receptors, and antibodies
RNA plays and important role in what biological process?
where are protons found?
An element has a characteristic stomic structure and predictcable chemical behavior
forms of elements that have different numbers of neutrons
The valence of an element determines
the number of covalent bonds it can make
bond that shares electrons between partners
what type of reaction is this AB-> A+B
polysacchrides are formed by what links
Building blocks of proteins are
double layers of phospoholipids
Organic molecules always contain
Hydrogen and Carbon
Amino acids always include what functional groups?
Alpha Carbon, hydrogen, amino group
what are the nitrogenous gases of RNA?
Cytosine, uracil, and adenine
the primary stucture of a protein relates to the
sequence of amino acids
t or f
An acid is a compounds that releases H+1 ions when disassociating
when an is transfered from one molecule to another it is termed a
t or f
cholesterol ass strength to the cell membrane in animal cells
Maltose, sucrose, and lactose are termed
glucose, galactose, and fructose are termed
protons and neutrons make up what part of an atom?
Polar Molcules have an unequal distribution of?
electrons moved completely from one atom to another is what type of bond?
Positively charge ions
Negatively charged ions
A molecular formula
gives atomic symbols and the number of elements involved in subscript
what type of chemical equation is
What type of chemical equation is
AB+ XY AX+YB
increase the rate of reaction
The amount of solute dissolved in a certain amount of solvent
Expresses in molarity (M)
Like dissolves Like
The rule of solubility
Most common solvent
have both hydrophillin and hydrophobic properties
when a compound disolved in water release an Hydrogen (H) it is termed
When a component releases excess hyroxide ions (OH)
occurs in aqeous solutions containing both acids and basics
inorganic chemicals usually do not contain
carbon and hydrogen
soecial molecular groups or accesory molcules the bond to organic compunds
Functional Groups can
help define the chemical class of certain groups of organic compounds
Give organic compounds unique reactive properties
The reaction of organic compounds can be predicted in the funtional groups are known
Sugars and polysacchrides are
study of the compounds of life
organics compounds produced by (or compounds of) living things
Functions of polysacchrides
structural support and protection
serve as nutriend and energy source
cells walls in many plants and algea
TRIGLYCERIDE IS KNOWN AS A
cholesterol is known as a
Nitrogenous base, a phospahte group, and a pentose sugar are best know as
Nitrogen is not present in
organic chemistry is a sicence based on the study of
the two functional groups always found in amino acids
Carboxyl and amino