NU101 Final Prep 1

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valgoal30
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54964
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NU101 Final Prep 1
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2010-12-11 11:29:38
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NU101 Final Prep
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NU101 Final Prep 1
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  1. What does epinephrine do?
    Vasopressor-constricts vessels to increase HR and increase BP
  2. What is ADH?
    Antidieretic horomone; affects vascular volume. Alcohol shuts off ADH so you need to go the bathroom.
  3. What is the normal value range for K, Potassium?
    3.5-5
  4. What is the normal value range for sodium, Na?
    135-145
  5. What is the normal value range for Calcium, Ca?
    8.5-11
  6. What is the normal value range for pH?
    7.35-7.45
  7. What is the normal value range for PaCO2?
    35-45
  8. What is the normal value range for PaO2?
    80-100
  9. What is the normal range for bicarbonate?
    22-26
  10. What is a normal pulse range?
    60-100
  11. What affect will hemorrhage have on the pulse? Respiratory rate?
    Increase pulse/HR, Increase RR
  12. What affect will hemorrhage have on the BP? Temp?
    BP will drop; Temp will rise.
  13. What do Crackles/Rales lung sounds mean?
    Fluid in the lungs.
  14. What do Wheezing lung sounds mean?
    Narrowing airway; inspiratory or expiratory is important; You can't get the air out.
  15. What do Rhonchi lung sounds mean?
    Loose wet shit in the lungs; clears with a cough
  16. What do Stridor lung sounds means?
    Closed upper airway, no air is getting in...common with firefighters who have CO2 inhalation; diminished lung sounds. You hear on inspiration.
  17. What type of debridement is done by a nurse?
    Mechanical debridement; change dressing.
  18. What happens to your vitals in volume deficit/dehydration?
    HR increases; BP stays normal then it drops, RR increases, SaO2 decreases, Temp increases. Less than 30ml output, skin tenting, eyeballs popping, neck veins are flat.
  19. What happens to your vitals in volume overload/excess?
    HR increases, BP increases, RR increases, SaO2 is normal then it drops, Temp increases; bounding pulse; urine output less than 30ml, edema, crackles
  20. Where are cyanosis and pallor most obvious?
    mucous membranes
  21. What is Ecchymoses?
    superficial bleeding under the skin or mucous membrane; a bruise.
  22. What sounds would indicate Stridor?
    A harsh or crowing sound with inspiration indicates stridor, which is consistent with airway narrowing and edema, following an endotrach tube removal.
  23. What is a normal Glucose value range?
    60-110
  24. What is a normal Chloride value range?
    98-107
  25. What is a normal HCT value range?
    • Males: 40-50
    • Females: 38-47
  26. What is a normal HGB value range?
    • Males: 13.5-18
    • Females: 12-16
  27. What is a normal RBC value range?
    • Males: 4.5-6.2
    • Females: 4.0-5.5
  28. What is a normal WBC range?
    5,000-10,000
  29. What does a prealbumin test identify?
    Changes in nuritional protein status.
  30. What is a normal Magnesium value range?
    1.5-2.3; Cardiac power; ATP metabolism
  31. What is a hypotonic IV solution?
    Goes into cells; D5 1/2
  32. What is a hypertonic IV solution?
    Leaving the cells---cell shrinks and fluid leaves cells. Dextrose 10-20-30%
  33. What is an isotonic IV solution?
    Solute concentrate = Blood concentrate; Normal Saline
  34. What are the 5 stages of Bone Healing?
    • Hematoma (24 hours)
    • Cellular Proliferation (48 Hours)
    • Procallus Formation (6-10 Days)
    • Callus Ossification (3-10 Weeks)
    • Consolidation and Remodelling (10 weeks - 6 months)
  35. What percent of O2 does a Partial Nonrebreather mask deliver? How many Liters used?
    60-90%; 6-10L
  36. What % of O2 does a face mark deliver? How many liters are used?
    40-60%; 5-8L
  37. What percent of O2 is delivered with a nonrebreather mask? How many liters are used?
    80-100%; 10-15L
  38. What type of O2 delivery method can deliver a specified amount of O2, rather than a range?
    Venturi Mask.
  39. What is pneumothorax?
    Lung Collapse
  40. What is Surfactant?
    Lipoprotein produced by alveolar cells; reduces tension of alveolar fluid; diminishes with age.
  41. What happens when there is too much fluid in the pleural layers?
    It prevents the lungs from expanding.
  42. What is Pleura?
    outer surface of the lungs
  43. What is Bronchioles Alveoli?
    Where gas exchange occurs.
  44. What is Kussmaul's Breathing?
    Common in diabetics; body attempts to compensate by blowing of CO2 through deep and rapid breathing; resembles being drunk.
  45. What is the primary role of cillia?
    Keep dust and particles out to protect the body.
  46. What is the primary role of the epiglottis?
    Routes food to esophagus when swallowing by closing and stays open for breathing.
  47. What percent of O2 do you get each time you breathe in?
    21%
  48. What side does pneumonia usually hit first?
    Right side before left
  49. What is the best diagnostic method for Pneumonia?
    Chest X-Ray; symptoms: Yellow Sputum, fever, chills, confusion.
  50. What does egophony mean?
    Dullness to percussion (lung sounds)
  51. What is the care plan for Pneumonia?
    2-3 L of water (unless contraindicated: CHF); high fowlers, medications, Suctioning.

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