Chronic; Non-reversible, obstructive pulmonary Dx; Decreased elastic recoil of the lung tissues, which causes a hyperinflation of the chest, leading to "Barrel Chest". Loss of lung elasticity in terminal bronchioles, alveolar ducts, alveoli, and capillary beds.
Hyperinflation of lungs leads to decreased surface area for gas exchange.
What are the symptoms of Chronic Hypoxemia?
Clubbing of fingers and toes; increased BP, Increase Pulse, Increase RR. Confusion, impaired judgement, restlessness, tachycardia, cyanosis, decreased level of consciousness.
What is Thrush?
Yeast infection in the mouth; common in COPD.
What is chronic Bronchitis?
Bronchitis is inflammation of the main air passages to the lungs. Chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition. People have a cough that produces excessive mucus. To be diagnosed with chronic bronchitis, you must have a cough with mucus most days of the month for at least 3 months.
What is Respiratory Acidosis?
Respiratory acidosis is a condition that occurs when the lungs cannot remove all of the carbon dioxide the body produces. This disrupts the body's acid-base balance causing body fluids, especially the blood, to become too acidic.
What is Pulmonary Fibrosis?
Pulmonary fibrosis is the formation or development of excess fibrous connective tissue (fibrosis) in the lungs. It can be described as "scarring of the lung". Commonly caused by aesbestis.
What is Core Pulmonale?
Right sided heart failure
What is the Huff Cough?
Breathing out while saying Huff.
What is Pursed Lip Breathing?
One of the simplest ways to control SOB; breathing more effective; releases trapped air in the lungs; decreases the work or breathing; airways open longer; causes general relaxation.
What is the care plan for COPD?
Smoking cessation, limit salt intake to avoid fluid retention that could interfere with breathing, limit caffeine (causes nervousness), eat 6 small meals a day, wear NC before, during, and after meals due to energy loss.
What is Dyspnea?
breathlessness; difficulty in breathing, disordered or inadequate breathing