What are some methods of preventing terrorism, what are the downfalls of each
Deterrence - threaten massive retaliation. BUT - hard to identify specific spot to attack (hide in big pops), retaliation builds them support, threat of retaliation is not very credible - would have to kill many civilians
Defensive measures - increase homeland security (airport security, fortify embassies abroad ...) EX: israel constructed a wall btw them and palestine - increase the cost to attackers. BUT ... defensive measures are expensive - US budget is 47 bill. / and limited effectiveness - terrorists choose sites based on how hard they are to attack
Criminalization - pursue specific individuals and groups - hope to disrupt groups and deter future attacks. BUT - reactive (afterwards), and requires international cooperation - not all countries have the same interests (some are sympathetic with goals -(Afghanistan w. Taliban), or too weak to fight off - (Somalia)
Preemption - states attack beforehand to try to disrupt / destroy terrorists (US against states that may possess WMDs), also expand intelligence gathering - BUT surveillance (needs to be constant) is expensive, likely to impede liberties of civilians. Might threaten other states. EX: US expands war on terror to Iraq for thinking they have terrorists...other states think they will be attacked if suspected of harboring terrorists
Negotiations and compromises over differences - BUT more prone to error - cant reduce problem, also states dont want to recognize sub-state groups (esp. advocating violence) as equals - few negotiations, but they do happen.