Eating disorders

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Anonymous
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55022
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Eating disorders
Updated:
2010-12-12 11:01:46
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Eating disorders
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Eating disorders
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  1. A sibling of an anorexic has _____ times higher risk of developing the disease
    10-20 times higher risk
  2. How many Americans have some sort of eating disorder
    • 7 million women
    • 1 million men
  3. 1 in _____ women suffer from Anorexia
    200
  4. Eating disorder is the _____ most commom chronic illness among adolescense
    Third
  5. 95% of eating disorder victims are between the age of
    12-25
  6. What percentage of people from anorexia will prematuraly die
    20%
  7. What percentage of anorexic die within 10 years
    5-10%
  8. What percentage of anorexics will die within 20 years
    18-20%
  9. What percentage of anorexics fully recover
    30%
  10. What are the physical signs of anorexia
    • Amenorrhea (Lose their period)
    • Yellow dry skin (Carotenemia)
    • Hypokalemia
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Cardiac arrhythimias
    • Low BP
    • Edema
  11. What is their average calorie intake
    1000 calories a day
  12. When do anorexics start exhibiting heart failure
    35% of their normal body weight
  13. What neurotransmitters are decresed
    Serotonin and norepinepherine
  14. What neurotransmitters are increased
    • Vasopressin
    • Cortisol
  15. What are the 4 medication typically used for medical management
    • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
    • Amitriptyline (Elavil)
    • Imipramine (Tofranil)
    • Tranylcypromine sulfate (Parnate)
  16. What drug is effective in helping anorexics maintain healthy body weight
    Fluoxetine hydrochloride (Prozac)
  17. What percentage of anorexics recover with appropriate treatment
    60%
  18. What percentage of anorexics will imporve but remain underweight
    20%
  19. What percentage of anorexics are chronically ill
    20%
  20. What percentage of anorexics will die due to cardiac complications
    15%
  21. What is multiple impulsive bulimia nervosa often associated with
    Child abuse
  22. Patients with greater then ____ below normal weight have poor prognosis
    25%
  23. What is the diagnostic criteria for bulimia
    Binging 2x's/week for atleast 3 months
  24. What chromosomes are risk factors for bulimia
    10, 14 16
  25. What are some physical signs to Bulimia Nervosa
    • "Chipmunk cheeks" Parotid gland
    • Electroyte imbalance:Cardiac or kidney failure
    • Erythema on the soft palate
    • Esophagitis
    • GI ulcers
    • Callused knuckle
  26. What are the 4 medication used in the medical managment of Bulimia
    • Fluoxetine (Proxac)
    • Amitriptyline (elavil)
    • Tranylcypromine sulfate (Parnate)
    • SSRI
  27. What percentage of bulimics overcome the disorder after therapy
    50-60% in 15-20 weeks
  28. What percentage of bulimics go on to become chronic
    20%
  29. What percentage of bulimics recover and relapse
    30%
  30. Lingual erosion appear after
    3 years
  31. What are some head and neck oral manifestations of bulimics
    • Enlarged parotid gland
    • Perimylolysis (lingual or occlusal erosion)
    • Increased caries
    • Xerostomia
  32. What is the ph of the stomach
    1.5 to 3.5
  33. What should you do to neutralize the acid in the mouth after vomiting
    1 teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate/ 8 oz of water
  34. Brain chemistry in anorexics has shown evidence of a disturbance in the
    serotonergic function

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