medterms 14,15,16,17

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medterms 14,15,16,17
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medterms chapters 14, 15, 16, 17
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  1. virulence
    ability of an organism to cause disease
  2. cocci
    round
  3. bacilli
    rod-shaped
  4. spirochete
    spiral, tightly coiled
  5. endospore
    oval body
  6. rickettsia
    small rod-shaped, transmitted by lice, fleas, ticks, and mites
  7. Iatrogenic
    caused by treatment or by veterinarian
  8. Idiopathic
    unknown cause
  9. Pathogen
    microorganism that causes disease
  10. serology
    study of serum, antigens and antibodies
  11. assay
    assessment-- tells # of organisms, cells or amount of chemical substances in blood
  12. CBC
    Complete Blood Count -# of thrombocytes, red and white cells per cubic mm
  13. prothrombin time
    # of sec it takes for plasma to coagulate
  14. immunoflourescence
    uses dyes
  15. panel, profile or screen
    group of tests on serum
  16. infectious
    caused by pathogenic organisms
  17. noninfectious
    not caused by organisms i.e. traumatic, genetic, or iatrogenic
  18. nosocomial infection
    picked up from facility or clinic
  19. communicable, contagious
    can be passed from animal to animal by direct or indirect contact
  20. prevalence
    # of cases in a population at one time
  21. prophylaxis
    prevention
  22. sequela
    condition that is a consequence of another disease
  23. subclinical
    w/out signs of a disease
  24. susceptible
    lacking resistance
  25. transmission
    • transfer from one animal to the next
    • i.e. bloodborne, sexual, airborne, fecal-oral
  26. zoonotic
    can be transferred from animal to human
  27. PE
    physical exam
  28. TPR
    temperature, pulse, respiration
  29. Hx
    history
  30. Fx
    fracture
  31. Bx
    biopsy
  32. Dx
    diagnosis
  33. TDx
    tentative diagnosis
  34. DDx
    differential diagnosis
  35. Tx
    treatment
  36. Rx
    prescription
  37. Sx
    surgery
  38. RI/RO
    rule in/ rule out
  39. BP
    blood pressure
  40. MM
    mucous membranes
  41. CRT
    capillary refill time
  42. UA
    urinalysis
  43. USG
    urine specific gravity
  44. TPP
    total plasma protein
  45. PCV
    packed cell volume
  46. Hct
    hematocrit
  47. PT
    prothrombin time
  48. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  49. TNTC
    too numerous to count
  50. HPF
    high power field
  51. LPF
    low power field
  52. agonist
    produces effect by binding to receptor
  53. antagonist
    binds to receptor so others can't
  54. contraindicated
    recommended NOT to use
  55. Ionized
    electrically charged
  56. turgor
    rigidity caused by fluid content
  57. ID
    intradermal
  58. IM
    intramuscular
  59. intravenous
    IV
  60. subcutaneous
    SC, SQ, subQ or subC
  61. sid
    once daily
  62. bid
    twice daily
  63. tid
    three times daily
  64. qid
    four times daily
  65. NPO
    nothing orally nothing per os
  66. PO
    orally
  67. prn
    as needed
  68. q
    every
  69. qod or eod
    every other day
  70. d
    day
  71. h
    hour
  72. mucolytic
    breaks up mucus
  73. mydriatic agent
    used to dilate pupils
  74. miotic agent
    used to constrict pupils
  75. antitussive
    reduces coughing
  76. antipyretic
    reduces fever
  77. antipruritic
    reduces itchiness
  78. antihelmintic
    works against intestinal worms
  79. debridgement
    removal of foreign matter or contaminated tissue
  80. dehiscence
    opening of a surgical wound
  81. dissect
    to cut up
  82. enucleation
    removal of a whole organ, usually the eye
  83. excise
    to surgically remove
  84. incise
    to surgically cut into
  85. lavage
    irrigation of tissue with fluid
  86. seroma
    accumulation of serum under the sight of a surgical incision
  87. lumpectomy
    removal of a mass
  88. fenestration
    perforation
  89. excisional biopsy
    remove entire mass
  90. incisional biopsy
    cut into mass and remove a piece for analysis
  91. needle biopsy
    use a needle to poke into mass and remove sample
  92. necropsy
    examination of a dead animal to determine cause of death and any other disease or injury that is present
  93. lacrim/o, dacry/o
    lacrimal apparatus
  94. anis/o
    uneven
  95. dipl/o
    double
  96. chrom/o
    color
  97. -tropia
    turning
  98. exo-
    outward
  99. eso-
    inward
  100. tarsorrhapy
    suturing eyelids together
  101. SCC
    squamous cell carcinoma
  102. NRBC
    nucleated red blood cells
  103. MCT
    mast cell tumor
  104. malignant growth of the connective tissue
    sarcoma
  105. carcinoma
    malignant growth of the epithelial cells
  106. -poiesis
    formation
  107. myel/o
    bone marrow
  108. -phage
    eat
  109. -penia
    decreased
  110. -philia
    increased
  111. -cytosis
    increased
  112. lysis
    breakdown
  113. lip/o
    fat
  114. immun/o
    protection
  115. benign
    non-cancerous
  116. malignant
    cancerous
  117. oncology
    the study of tumors
  118. metastasis
    pathogenic growth distant from the primary tumor
  119. lymph/o
    lymph or lymphatic system
  120. epiphora
    excessive tear production
  121. blepharospasm
    involuntary movement of the eyelid
  122. distichiasis
    abnormal condition of two rows of eyelashes, can cause conjunctival injury
  123. KCS
    keratoconjunctivitis sicca "dry eye"
  124. IOP
    intraocular pressure
  125. erythrocytes
    red blood cells
  126. erythr/o
    red
  127. leuk/o
    white
  128. thromb/o
    clot
  129. thrombocytes
    platelets

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