Cervical Spine.txt

Card Set Information

Cervical Spine.txt
2010-12-11 17:54:53
Cervical Spine

Cervical spine
Show Answers:

  1. C1
    Which vertebra has no spinous process or vertebral body?
  2. C2
    The dens is on which vertebra?
  3. C2-C6
    Which vertebrae have bifid spinous processes?
  4. Articular Pillars
    What lies between the superior and inferior facets of cervical vertebrae?
  5. Foramen Transversarium
    What is the passageway for the vertebral artery through the cervical vertebrae called?
  6. Rib 1
    Where does the anterior scalene insert?
  7. Rib 1
    Where does the middle scalene insert?
  8. Rib 2
    Where does the posterior scalene insert?
  9. Sternocleidomastoid
    This muscle sidebends ipsilaterally and rotates contralaterally:
  10. Torticollis
    Pathologic shortening of teh SCM is called what?
  11. Alar Ligament
    This ligament extends from teh sides of the dens to the laterl margins of the forament magnum:
  12. Transverse Ligament
    This ligament attaches to the lateral masses of C1 to hold the dens in place
  13. Rheumatoid Arthritis and Down's Syndrome
    What are two common causes of atlanto-axial subluxation?
  14. Joint of Luschka
    What is the articulation between the uncinate processes and the superadjacent vertebrae called?
  15. Degeneration of the Joints of Luschka
    What is the most common cause of cervical nerve root pressure?
  16. Hypertrophic arthritis of intervertebral synovial joints
    What is the second most common cause of cervical nerve root pressure?
  17. Between C7 and T1
    Where does the nerve root C8 exit?
  18. Above named vertebrae
    Where do cervical nerve roots C1-C7 exit?
  19. C5-T1
    What cervical nerve roots make up the brachial plexus?
  20. OA
    The occipital condyles on the atlas (C1) make up what joint?
  21. Flexion and Extension
    What is the primary motion of OA?
  22. OA
    Sidebending and rotation occurig to opposite sides with either flexion or extension is characteristic of which joint?
  23. Rotation
    What is the primary motion of the AA (Atlantoaxial joint)
  24. C2-C7
    Sidebending and Rotation to the same side in Neutral
  25. Left Sidebending
    Right translation results in what?
  26. Flex to 45 degrees (to lock out C2-C7)
    What must you do before motion testing the AA?
  27. Lateral Translation
    What is the primary method to asses motion of C2-C7?
  28. Checken Neck
    What is theprimary method to asses motion at the OA?
  29. Rotation
    What is the primary motion of C2-C4?
  30. Sidebending
    What is the primary motion of C5-C7?
  31. Lateral Masses
    What is another name for Articular Pillars?
  32. Articular Pillars
    What portion of the cervical vertebrae is used to evaluate cervical motion?