Medical Terminology

Card Set Information

Author:
jenved
ID:
55097
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2010-12-19 20:53:23
Tags:
Medical Terminology
Folders:

Description:
Flashcards
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jenved on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. "Pertaining to", "Like, or "Resembling"
    • -ac
    • -al
    • -ar
    • -ary
    • -form
    • -ic
    • -ical(ic+al)
    • -ile
    • -oid
    • -ory
    • -ous
  2. Medical Specialties
    • -ian
    • -iatrics
    • -iarty
    • -ics
    • -ist
    • -logy
  3. "Condition of"
    • -sis
    • -y
    • -ism
    • -ia
  4. a
    ae
  5. en
    ina
  6. ex,ix,yx
    ices
  7. is
    es
  8. ma
    mata
  9. nx (anx,inx,ynx)
    nges
  10. on
    a
  11. um
    a
  12. us
    i
  13. prim/i-
    first
  14. mon/o
    one
  15. uni-
    one
  16. hemi-
    half;one side
  17. semi-
    half; partial
  18. bi -
    two, twice
  19. dipl/o-
    double
  20. tri-
    three
  21. quadr/i-
    four
  22. tetra-
    four
  23. multi-
    many
  24. poly-
    many,much
  25. cyan/o-
    blue
  26. erythr/o-
    red
  27. leuk/o-
    white,colourless
  28. melan/o-
    black,dark
  29. xanth/o-
    yellow
  30. a-,an-
    not,without,lack of, absence
  31. anti-
    against
  32. contra-
    against,opposite
  33. de-
    down,without,removal,loss
  34. dis-
    absence,removal,separation
  35. ab-
    away from
  36. ad-
    toward, near
  37. hyper-
    over,excess,abnormally hight, increased
  38. hypo-*
    under,below,abnormally low, decreased

    *may also show position, as in hypodermic
  39. olig/o-
    few, scanty
  40. pan-
    all
  41. super-*
    above, excess

    *may also mean position - superficial
  42. equi-
    equal, same
  43. eu-
    true, good,easy,normal
  44. hetero-
    other,different, unequal
  45. homo,homeo-
    same,unchanging
  46. iso-
    equal, same
  47. macro-
    large,abnormally large
  48. micro-*
    small

    *also means 1 millionth as in microsecond
  49. neo-
    new
  50. normo-
    normal
  51. ortho-
    straight,correct,upright
  52. poikilo-
    varied,irregular
  53. pseudo-
    false
  54. re-
    again,back
  55. post-
    after, behind
  56. dextr/o-
    right
  57. sinistr/o-
    left
  58. end/o-
    in; within
  59. mes/o-
    middle
  60. syn-, sym- (used before b,m,p)
    together
  61. tel/e-,tel/o-
    end
  62. Leukoplakia
    White patches in the mouth
  63. morph/o
    form
  64. cyt/o,-cyte
    cell
  65. nucle/o
    nucleus
  66. kary/o
    nucleus
  67. hist/o,histi/o
    tissue
  68. fibr/o
    fibre
  69. reticul/o
    network
  70. aden/o
    gland
  71. papill/o
    nipple
  72. myx/o
    mucus
  73. muc/o
    mucus,mucous,membrane
  74. somat/o,-some
    body,small body
  75. blast/o,-blast
    immature cell, productive cell, embryonic cell
  76. gen
    origin, formation
  77. phag/o
    eat, ingest
  78. phil
    attract, absorb
  79. plas
    formation,moulding,development
  80. trop
    act on, affect
  81. troph/o,
    feeding,growth,nourishment
  82. -ase
    enzyme
  83. -ose
    sugar
  84. hydr/o
    water,fluid
  85. gluc/o
    glucose
  86. glyc/o
    sugar, glucose
  87. sacchar/o
    sugar
  88. amyl/o
    starch
  89. lip/o
    lipid,fat
  90. adip/o
    fat
  91. steat/o
    fatty
  92. prote/o
    protein
  93. All the activity of a cell make up its
    metabolism
  94. The four basic tissue types are
    epithelial,connective,muscle,nervous
  95. An organic compound that speeds the rate of metabolic reactions is a(n)?
    enzyme
  96. An adipocyte is a cell that stores?
    lipid,fat
  97. The formation of cells (use -genesis as an ending)
    cytogenesis
  98. An enzyme that digests starch?
    amylase
  99. cephal/o
    head
  100. cervic/o
    neck
  101. thorac/o
    chest,thorax
  102. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  103. celi/o
    abdomen
  104. lapar/o
    abdominal wall
  105. lumb/o
    lumbar region/lower back
  106. periton,peritone/o
    peritoneum ( a large serous membrane that lines the abdominoplevic cavity and covers the organ within it)
  107. acro
    extremity,end
  108. brachi/o
    arm
  109. dactyl/o
    finger,toe
  110. ped/o
    foot
  111. pod/o
    foot
  112. circum-
    around
  113. peri-
    around
  114. intra-
    in,within
  115. epi-
    on,over
  116. extra-
    outside
  117. infra-*
    below

    * also indicates degree
  118. sub-*
    below, under

    * also indicates degree
  119. inter-
    between
  120. juxta-
    near,beside
  121. para-
    near,beside
  122. retro-
    behind,backward
  123. supra-
    above
  124. LLQ
    left lower quadrant
  125. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  126. RLQ
    right lower quadrant
  127. RUQ
    right upper quadrant
  128. carcin/o
    cancer/carcinoma
  129. cyst/o,cyst/i
    filled sac or pouch, cyst,bladder
  130. lith
    calculus,stone
  131. onc/o
    tumor
  132. path/o
    disease
  133. py/o
    pus
  134. pry/o,pyret/o
    fever,fire
  135. scler/o
    hard
  136. tox/o, toxic/o
    poison
  137. brady-
    slow
  138. dys-
    -abnormal, painful, difficult
  139. mal-
    bad, poor
  140. pachy-
    thick
  141. tachy-
    rapid
  142. xero-
    dry
  143. -cele
    hernia, localized dilation
  144. -clasis, -clasia
    breaking
  145. -itis
    inflammation
  146. -oma*
    tumor

    *plurals -omas, -omata
  147. -pathy
    any disease of
  148. -rhage*, -rhagia*
    bursting forth, proguse flow, hemorrhage

    *remember to double the r when addeding the suffix to a root
  149. -rhea*
    flow, discharge


    * double the r when adding to a root
  150. -rhexis*
    rupture

    * double the r when being added to a root
  151. -schisis
    fissure, splitting
  152. dilation*,dilatation*
    expansion, widening

    *may also refer to treatment
  153. estasia, ectasis
    dilation,dilatation,distension
  154. edema
    accumulation of fluid, swelling
  155. lysis*
    • separation,loosening,dissolving,destruction
    • * may also refer to treatment ex. dialysis dia(through)
  156. malacia
    softening
  157. necrosis
    death of tissue
  158. ptosis
    dropping,downward,displacement, prolaspe
  159. sclerosis
    hardening
  160. spasm
    sudden contraction, cramp
  161. stasis*
    suppression, stoppage

    *may also refer to treatment
  162. stenosis
    narrowing,constriction
  163. toxin
    poison
  164. staphyl/o
    grapelike cluster
  165. strept/o
    twisted chain
  166. bacill/i, bacill/o
    bacillus
  167. bacteri/o
    bacterium
  168. myc/o
    fungus, mold
  169. vir/o
    virus
  170. Any abnormal and uncontrolled growth of tissue, whether benign or malignant is called
    neoplasm
  171. The spreading of cancer to other parts of the body is the process of
    metastatic
  172. Death of a tissue is called
    necrosis
  173. An oncoprotein is a protein associated with a(n)
    tumor
  174. A slower than normal heart rate is
    bradycardia
  175. Bacterias
    • Cocci - round (clusters staphyl) (chains strept)
    • Bacilli - rod shaped
    • Vibrios - short curved rods
    • Spirochetes - corkscrew shaped
    • Chlamydia - extremely small
    • Rickettsia- extremely small
  176. Helminths are
    worms
  177. A disease causing microorganism
    pathogen
  178. Terms for describing infections:
    • septicemic- blood poison
    • nosocomial- infection acquired in a hospital.
    • opportunistic- infection that occurs because of the host's poor or altered condition
    • epidemic-affecting many ppl in a given region at the same time.
  179. CA
    cancer
  180. CIS
    Carcinoma in situ

    • carcinoma - cancer
    • in situ - localized, non invasive, literally " in position"
  181. FUO
    Fever of unknown origin
  182. MRSA
    methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  183. staph
    staphylococcus ( grapelike clusters)
  184. strep
    streptococcus ( twisted chain)
  185. VRSA
    Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  186. in-,-im-,non-,un-
    not
  187. dia-, per-, trans-
    through
  188. ante-, pre-, pro-
    before, in front of
  189. ec-, ecto-, ex/o -
    out, outside
  190. alg/o, algi/o, algesi/o, -algia, -algesia,
    - odynia
    pain
  191. mega-, megal/o, -megaly
    large, abnormally large, enlargement

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview