Nursing Arts.txt

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Author:
monica73
ID:
55137
Filename:
Nursing Arts.txt
Updated:
2010-12-11 23:02:08
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Final exam
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Description:
General exam, exam positions & Gyn
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    • Knee-chest - use: rectal exam, proctological or sigmoidoscope
    • Drape: Aperture drape, or two drapes
    • Jackknife- use: rectal exam or vaginal
    • Drape: under arms breast to feet
    • Proctological- use: sigmoid exam/proctological exam
    • Drape: aperture drape or two drapes
    • Lithotomy- use pelvis, vaginal, rectal and digital exam
    • Drape: Underarms, over breast to the feet
    • Trendelenburg- use treatment of shock or hypotension blood to head
    • Drape: Underarms, over breasts to the feet
    • Fowler's- Sitting or semi-sitting position
    • Semi 45 degree angle
    • High 90 degree angle
    • Drape: according to procedure
    • Sim's- Enemas, rectal (digital) exam and digital temp
    • Drape: towel placed on upper L thigh just below perineal area.
    • Prone- Exams of dorsal surface of the body (back and vertebral column)
    • Drape: Mid back to below the knees, female drape shoule cover breast
    • Dorsal Recumbent-Exam breast and abdomen
    • Drape: Full drape
    • Supine- Exam anterior surface of body
    • Drape: Underarm to feet
  1. Weight/height: What should you ask the patient to do before getting on the scale ?
    To take off their coat, shoes, purse, keys, and empty their pockets etc.
  2. Snellen eye chart: what do you ask the pt before the exam
    Do they wear glass or lens
  3. Snellen eye chart: How many mistakes is a pt allowed to make and what happen on the 3rd mistake.
    2 mistakes, after the 3rd mistake you chart the line before.
  4. Snellen eye chart: abbreviation OU
    Both Eye
  5. Snellen eye chart: abbrevation OS
    Left Eye
  6. Snellen eye chart : abbreviation OD
    Right Eye
  7. Snellen eye chart procedures: which line do you start on
    line 20/70 third line
  8. Charting Techniques : what is the correct way of correcting a error
    • In black ink
    • Line through the mistake with the word error
    • Date it
    • write your initials & correct the word(s)
  9. Sphygmomanometer
    (S-fig-mo-ma-no-meter)
    Blood pressure
  10. Base
    Battery source
  11. Otoscope
    Ear, tympanic membrane, cerumen, foreign objects, infection
  12. Ophthalmoscope
    Eye, sclera, pupils, retina, blood vessels
  13. Tuning Fork
    Hearing, nerve sensitivity
  14. Tongue depressor
    Gums, teeth, tonsils, throat
  15. Precussion Hammer
    • Reflexes, Babinski (bottom of foot), Patellar(under knee cap),
    • Bicep
  16. Glove
    • Non sterile ( to protect the MA or medical personnel)
    • Bimanual ( will use two hands to perform the procedure).
  17. Nasal speculum (specula)
    Inspect the lining of the nose, nasal membranes, internal septum
  18. Gloves

    Non sterile, used fr bi manaual exam, palpate ovaries, uterus
  19. Vaginal speculum
    Open vaginal canal
  20. Spatula and/or cytobrush
    Obtain pap smear, cytobrush for cervical and spatula for vaginal cells
  21. Slides
    Cancer detection, label "e" or "c" for endocervical & label "v" for vaginal
  22. Fixative
    Adheres cells, apply immediately, spray 6" from slide & let dry 10 mins.
  23. Culturette

    Culture, sterile
  24. Sponge forceps
    Hold sponges, absorb secretions
  25. Cotton tip appicators
    Absorb minor sectetions
  26. 4x4 gauze
    Absorb excess secretions
  27. Lubricant
    Water soluble, not t be used before a pap smear, for bimanual exam
  28. Emesis basin
    Vomitus, soiled instruments
  29. Gown
    Modesty
  30. Drape
    Modesty

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