Greek Religion

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Author:
annzors
ID:
55178
Filename:
Greek Religion
Updated:
2010-12-12 03:12:33
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CLST
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Description:
Festivals, terms, people, etc.
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  1. Theology
    study of religion, god, practices, rituals, etc.
  2. Theogony
    the study of the birth of the gods or origins
  3. Hesiod
    • poet who wrote "Works and Days" and Theogony
    • started theogony with himself as a character meeting a muse who tells him the stories of the gods
  4. Homer
    • epic poet
    • wrote Iliad and Odyssey
  5. Iliad
    • long poem about Trojan Wars
    • Agamenon vs. Achilles
  6. Odyssey
    • sequel to Iliad
    • about a hero, Odyseus, returning home after the fall of Troy
  7. Genos
    clan
  8. Phratry
    • brotherhood
    • name of the organiztion with which young boys must be registered in order to qualify for citizenship
  9. Sources of GR
    • prose
    • carving into stones
    • grave goods
    • poems
    • paintings
    • language
  10. Pausanias
    wrote about Greek: landscape, temples, shrines
  11. Zeus Dodona
    consulting Zeus
  12. Oikos
    household of family
  13. Deme
    town
  14. Polis
    city-state
  15. Heifer
    young female virgin cow sacrifice or offering for goddesses
  16. Hecatomb
    slaughter 100 cattles
  17. Miasma
    • "taint" or pollution
    • connected with shed blood
  18. Amphidroma
    ritual once child reaches the age of 10
  19. Apella
    • boy to adult
    • cutting of the hair
    • end of miltary training (?)
  20. Apatouria
    father introduces son to phratry
  21. Solon
    • Athenian statesman
    • created calendar
  22. Hekatombian
    • Athenian first month of the year
    • orginally from Hekatombaia festival
  23. Arrhephoria
    • quaint nocturnal festival
    • 2 young girls called Arrheph
    • carry object of Athena, from Acropolis down bronze staircase to Aphrodite
    • same way as Persephone went down to Hades
    • Rite of Passage for girls (teens to adolescent)
  24. Kronia
    • festival of Kronos
    • time where slaves run the place/festival
    • slaves and master eat together
    • not a major festival
  25. Panathenaia festival
    • celebration of Athena's bday @ the end of the moon
    • night before festival, no moon = darkness; new moon
    • hundreds of animal slaughtered
    • everyone there, except old women
    • annual festival, washing the old but giving goddess a new peplos
    • parade w/ a ship float to carry peplos
  26. Arrhephoroi
    • hephoroi = carrier
    • myth: of the girls carrying object of Athena
    • for Panathenaia festival
  27. Parthenon and Erechteion
    • two temples of Athena
    • Parthenon: more impressive, a statue made of gold and ivory
    • Erechtheion: more scared, smaller, wooden statue, holy and newer / for Athena, Poseidon, and Erchtheus
  28. Athens, orgin of:
    • plays
    • art
    • philosophy
  29. Panathenaian games and activities and prize
    • chariot race
    • foot race: wine
    • panathalon: oil
    • boxing
    • music (lyre, flute, choir): silver and gold awarded
    • citation of Homeric poem
    • torch race
  30. Pithoigia
    jar opening
  31. Choes
    jugs/pitchers
  32. Chytroi
    troi
  33. Bacchic mysteries
    myth of a society of women w/o men
  34. Anthesteria festival
    • 3 day festival
    • spring time
    • 12th month Elaphêboliôn, temple open for 1 day
    • "in the marshes"
    • new vinage, wine is made

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