Pelvis

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Author:
ebcross88
ID:
55234
Filename:
Pelvis
Updated:
2010-12-12 10:33:03
Tags:
female pelvis anatomy samsam
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Description:
Anatomy of the pelvis
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  1. Pelvic diaphragm muscle
    Levator ani muscle
  2. Male perineum
    Penis, scrotum, and anus
  3. Female perineum
    External genitalia (vulva) and anus
  4. The ovaries, the uterine (Fallopian) tubes, the uterus, and the vagina.
    Internal female genital organs
  5. The labia major and minor, the clitoris, the vestibule of the vagina, and the vestibular glands.
    External female genital organs
  6. The sheath of the peritoneum lifted by the uterus and the fallopian tubes.
    Broad ligament of the uterus
  7. Epithelium of the mucosa (endometrium) of the uterus.
    Simple high columnar epithelium
  8. Epithelium of the neck of the uterus.
    Stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium
  9. External os is round in nulliparous and transverse after a childbirth
  10. An incompetent ___________ leads to a habitual abortion before the third month.
    internal os
  11. The surgical treatment that ties the cervix.
    Shirodka/McDonald
  12. The uterine muscle underdoes hyperplasia and hypertrophy during the pregnancy and then regresses.
  13. Blood supply of the uterus.
    Uterine artery and ovarian artery. Some from vaginal artery.
  14. Innervation of uterus.
    Sympathetic and parasympathetic (pelvic splanchnic nerves S2, S3, S4)
  15. Pap smear evaluates the cervical pathology and counts these various cell types.
    PBC, SSC, ISC
  16. The most common tumor in women, seen more in blacks than whites. May cause an obstructive delivery.
    Leiomyomas (fibroids)
  17. Is given by the pelvic diaphragm and other muscular supports.
    Dynamic support
  18. Is responsible for passive support of the uterus and prevents it from being pushed out of the genital opening.
    Passive (mechanical) support
  19. When the support of the uterus is lost the uterus may drop lower or its portio part comes out of the vagina.
    Prolapse
  20. Retroverted uterine may be a cause of...
    abortion and dysparunia.
  21. The cervix of the uterus is the least mobile part of the uterus because it is supported by the...
    endopelvic fascia or Retinacula
  22. This ligament extends from the cervix to the lateral pelvic walls.
    Transverse cervical (cardinal) ligament
  23. Posterior ligament of the uterus.
    Sacrocervical (sacrouterine) ligament
  24. Anterior ligament of the uterus.
    Pubocervical (pubouterine) ligament
  25. This ligament supports the uterus.
    Round ligament

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