What happens in prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, and telophase I?
Prophase I-The first stage in the first meiotic division of meiosis. This stage is characterized by having five sub-stages namely leptotene, zygotene, pachytene, diplotene and diakinesis. It highlights the exchange of DNA between homologous chromosomes via a process called homologous recombination and the cross-over at chiasma(ta) between non-sister chromatids. Thus, this stage is important to increase genetic variation. This stage then ends with the disintegration of the nucleolus and the nuclear membrane.
MetepahseI-Science: cell biology) The stage in the first meiotic division of meiosis that follows prophase I. Homologous chromosomes pair with each other to form tetrads of four chromatids and they align themselves along a single plane in the centre of the cell. Homologous recombination generally occurs during this stage. This stage ends as soon as the homologous chromosomes start being pulled away from each other, to opposite ends of the cell.
Anaphase I-The pairs of homologous chromosomes are separated from each other and moved to opposite ends of the cell. This stage begins as soon as homologous chromosomes begin separating and ends when the chromosomes arrive at opposite ends of the cell.
Telophase I-The stage in the first meiotic division of meiosis that follows anaphase I. The two sets of chromosomes have finished moving to opposite ends of the cell. Cytokinesis occurs, forming two daughter cells. Nuclear membranes do not form and the chromosomes do not decondense at this point, however, as they would in mitosis.