Person who has successfully completed requisite edu and training to be licensed to diagnose, treat physical and psychological diseaes and disorders
Doctor of medicine (M.D.)
Providers who diagnose and treat health problems by means of physical, medicinal, and surgical methods
Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.)
Provider who diagnose and treat health problems using physical, medicinal and surgical methods. Rely more on physical manipulation of body and enviroment to achieve healing.
Doctor of Chiropractic (D.C.)
Rely primarily on physical manipulation of spinal column and related structures to restore health as well as other therapies such as diet and selected holistic approaches.
Doctor of Optometry (O.D.)
Primarily measure visual acuity and prescribe corrective lenses as well as selected meds and surgical interventions.
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (D.P.M.)
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of fhe foot.
Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S. or D.M.D.)
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the teeth and gums.
Psychologists (Ph.D., Psy.D., M.A., M.S.)
A practioner who, holding either a masters or doctorate degree, is licensed to diagnose and treat behavior and personality disorders through counseling.
Primary care specialties
Involves the initial diagnosis and treatment services patients receive for common injuries and illnesses. Responsible for coordinating the total care of their patients and, as warranted, refer their patients to consultative care specialists.
(M.D. or D.O.)
Diagnose and treat the entire family for various health problems. Particularly interested in how the family social process affects health.
Pediatrics (M.D. or D.O.)
Primary care providers who diagnose and treat health problems of children, adolescents, and young adults.
Internal Medicine (M.D. or D.O.)
Internists diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the internal organs, mainly confining their practice to adult patients.
Gynecology (M.D. or D.O.)
Can be described as internists specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of female health problems, especially those associated with female genitourinary system.
Consultive care specialties
(D.O. or M.D.)
Consultive care physicians gain additional training in a medical speciality to diagnose, treat, and often perform surgical intervintions. Generally require a referral from primary care provider before seeing a patient.
is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of immune disorders as well as diseases associated with allergic response.
Administers agents to manage pain as well as to administer and maintain an anesthetic state during sugical operations.
Aerospace medicine specialists
Concerned with the health problems associated with space travel.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the integumentary system.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders associated with the endocrine system.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the digestive system, principally the stomach and intestines.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders associated with the aging process.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the blood and the hemopoietic system.
Diagnoses and treats disorders associated with conception and pregnancy.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the urinary system, principally the kidney.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
Nuclear medicine specialist
Employ radioactive substances to diagnose and treat many diseases and disorders.
Care for women during and shortly after pregnancy, as well as diagnose and treat associated disorders.
Occupational medicine specialist
Diagnose and treat job related illnesses and injuries.
Diagnose and treat tumors and cancerous growths.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the eye as well as perform the tasks performed by optometrists.
Diagnose and treat disorders of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT specialist).
Study disease processes as well as perform autopsies and provide diagnostic services by examining cells and tissues.
Physical medicine specialist/ physiatrist
Diagnose and treat disorders by means of physical agents, especially through physical therapy.
Diagnose and treat psychological disorders using psychotherapy and meds (psychologists, not being physicians cannot prescribe meds).
Diagnose and treat disorders of the respritory system.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders using imaging techniques and radiant energy such as xrays, cat scans, MRIs, etc.
Sports medicine specialist
Diagnose and treat disorders associated with athletic injuries.
Diagnose and treat disorders requiring immediate, emergncy intervention to restore life or limb.
Diagnose and treat disorders of the urinary system in females and the genitourinary system in males.
Diagnose and treat diseases and disorders through invasive operative means.
Trained to perform a myriad of surgical interventions, but principally confine their surgical practice to the adominal organs.
Concentrate on surgically treating the colon and the rectum.
Diagnose and surgically treat the nervous system and surrounding tissues.
Diagnose and treat diesases and disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
A subspecialty of denistry, extract teeth and surgically treat the jaw, oral tissues, and maxillofacial bones.
Plastic (cosmetic) surgeons
Provide surgical treatments to restore function and aesthetics.
Cardiovascular (thoracic) surgeons
Diagnose and sugically treat diseases and disorders of the heart, vessels, lungs, and chest cavity.
Registered nurse (R.N.)
Licensed nurse professionals who care for the ill and infirm.
Nurse practitioner (N.P.)
Are R.N.'s who have gained additional training to provide basic primary care.
Licensed practical nurse/ licensed vocational nurse (L.P.N. or L.V.N.)
Practical nurses provide nursing care under supervision of registered nurse or physician.
Are R.N.'s who have been trained to administer anesthetic agents.
Are R.N.'s who have been trained to provide obsterical care to include delivery and postpartum care.