ees9 test 1.txt

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julidei
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ees9 test 1.txt
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2010-12-12 20:18:08
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ees9 test 1
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  1. Which of the following is not a result of an earthquake?
    Volcanoes
  2. What makes California so prone to geologic processes such as earthquakes and volcanoes?
    The plate tectonic setting.
  3. Which group of minerals are the most abundant in the Earth s crust?
    Silicates
  4. Which of the following IS NOT correct?
    The Oceanic crust is thicker and denser than continental crust.
  5. Which of the following particles is not found in an atom?
    Selectron
  6. Two different elements can have the same number of protons.
    FALSE
  7. What type of stress is associated with a transform boundary?
    Shear
  8. What type of fold is shown in the figure to the right (indicated by the arrow)?
    Anticline
  9. The _________ measures the amount of energy released by an earthquake while ________ measures the amount damage done by an earthquake.
    "Magnitude, Intensity"
  10. Which of the following is not a physical properties used to identify minerals:
    Smoothness
  11. What type of stress is associated with a convergent plate boundary?
    Compression
  12. "The three most abundant elements in the Earth s crust are Oxygen, Silicon & ________________."
    Aluminum
  13. Which of the following is the single difference that makes a plate boundary divergent, convergent or transform ?
    Relative plate motion directions
  14. The ________wave is shown arriving at A, above, and the ________ wave is shown arriving at B.
    P , S
  15. Who is credited with the theory of sea floor spreading?
    Harry Hess
  16. What does a short lag time tell you about the distance between the seismic station and the epicenter?
    The station is located close to the epicenter
  17. What is the evidence for the subducting oceanic plate?
    A line of earthquakes descending deep into the Earth.
  18. The fault shown is a ____________ Fault caused by _____________ Stress.
    "Reverse, Compressional"
  19. Point C, on the surface located directly above focus, is called the:
    Epicenter
  20. What is Pangaea?
    The name of the large land mass before the continents broke apart.
  21. What is the definition of atomic number?
    The number of protons in the atom
  22. Which of the following is NOT true about mid-ocean ridges?
    They are sites of subducting oceanic plates
  23. Who is credited with developing the continental drift hypothesis?
    Alfred Wegner
  24. In reference to a mineral, what is cleavage?
    Planes of weakness in a mineral.
  25. Which of the following is an incorrect statement about earthquakes?
    They are distributed randomly across the globe
  26. What is the evidence for a transform plate boundary?
    Features that have been offset great and small distances on either side of a fault.
  27. Why is oceanic crust subducted while continental crust is not?
    Ocean crust is thinner and denser
  28. _________ waves are faster than ________ waves.
    P, S
  29. The appearance of a mineral in reflected light is the mineral
    Luster
  30. What are the two main categories of seismic waves?
    Body waves and Surface waves
  31. Which group of minerals are very important producing most of our ore minerals.
    Oxides
  32. __________ represents the underground source of the earthquake, the point where the fault first broke.
    Focus
  33. Folds result from what type of deformation?
    Ductile
  34. Which plate boundary is associated with the destruction of ocean crust?
    Convergent
  35. Which one of the following is not true for minerals?
    They can be a liquid, solid, or gas
  36. Where is ocean crust being formed today?
    Divergent Plate Boundary
  37. The deepest earthquakes are associated with _____.
    Convergent boundaries
  38. What is one way that scientists found out that the earth has layers?
    Reviewing seismic data from many earthquakes
  39. What evidence do scientists use to determine where the different plate boundaries are located in the Earth's crust?
    "a, b, & c"
  40. The element at the center of a silicon oxygen tetrahedron is surrounded by ___________.
    4 Oxygen atoms
  41. According to the definition of a mineral, which of the following is not a mineral?
    Water
  42. What was the main reason why the continental drift theory was rejected by many scientists?
    His drift model lacked a mechanism to get the plates moving .
  43. What drives plate tectonics (Continental Drift s missing mechanism of motion)?
    Convection within the mantle
  44. Which of the plate boundary types are considered conservative?
    Transform
  45. Which column of the periodic table is the least reactive and why.
    The last column because they don't have to bond with anything else to fill their outer shell.
  46. What was the final, indisputable evidence (discovered in the 1960 s) for seafloor spreading and consequently gave rise to the theory of plate tectonics?
    Parallel, magnetic stripes recorded in ocean floor
  47. What direction do P waves move through the ground?
    In a straight line, compression and extension

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