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What is social stratification?
structured inequality between groups- unequal rewards and opportunities
How do sociologists measure the degree of stratification in a given society?
property, power, and prestige
What are the principal processes that sociologists argue are at work in stratifying members of societies?
What are the reprecussions of inequality?
- US high the highest poverty rate among OECD countries
- Overall wage decline
- Growing Child Poverty
- Diminishing cultural and political support for equal opportunity measures
What is cultural capital?
Tastes, knowledge, attitudes, language, and ways of thinking that we exchange with others
Offers control over economic and social resources as a form of exclusion
Explain the dependency and world system theory.
Industrialized countries and their corporations dominate the core of the system, hence exploiting peripheral countries
Describe the modernization theory
contact with modernized countries should promote modernization in less developed countries
What is the paradox of race
race is social and not biological
What is racialization?
process by with certain bodily features are used systematically to mark certain persons for differential status or treatment
refers to the physical separation of cultural groups based on residence and housing
Structural Racism in the U.S. is the normalization and legitimization of an array of dynamics – historical, cultural, institutional and interpersonal – that routinely advantage whites while producing cumulative and chronic adverse outcomes for people of color
what are some of the institutional mechanisms that create and perpetuate structural racism?
schools, mass media
reflects a prejudice in society against older adults.
What is the purpose of economy?
system in which goods and services are produced, distributed and consumed.
What is the purpose of politics?
controls important decisions of who get what, when and how
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