Skin disorders-patho-focused.txt

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Author:
tundrafox
ID:
55482
Filename:
Skin disorders-patho-focused.txt
Updated:
2010-12-12 22:53:25
Tags:
patho
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Description:
focused question, mostly M's
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  1. enlarged lymph nodes, low grade fever, sore throat, pink/red rash on face (M's of)
    rubella
  2. characterized by a rash that moves down from face to toes in 1-3 days, and a low grade fever?
    rubella
  3. enlarged lymph nodes, conjunctivitis, barking cough (M's of)
    rubeola
  4. rash that descends from hairline down preceded by pinpoint white spots in the mouth (M's of)
    rubeola
  5. koplic spots, high fever runny nose, enlarged lymph nodes (M's of)
    rubeola
  6. complication of rubeola include?
    pneumonia, otitis media, and encephalitis
  7. discrete, umbilicated, dome-shaped papules 1-5mm in diameter (M's of)
    molluscum contagiosum
  8. varicilla-zoster virus a/w?
    chicken pox
  9. itchy vesicles that start on trunk, scalp, or face then progress to extremities (M's of)
    chicken pox (varicella-zoster infection)
  10. red area on the skin that does not blanch when pressed on (stage __ PU)
    stage I pressure ulcer
  11. partial thickness skin loss, epidermis and dermis (stage __ PU)
    state II pressure ulcer
  12. full thickness skin loss, damage or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue (stage __ PU)
    stage III pressure ulcer
  13. extensive damage and necrosis that can include muscle, bone and supporting structures (stage __ PU)
    stage IV pressure ulcer
  14. an elevated, rough, grayish growth (M's of)
    verrucea (wart)
  15. paresthesia and mild burning, followed by rash or painful vesicles (M's of)
    early stages of a herpes simplex outbreak
  16. vesicles are painful until they rupture then they crust over and heal in 2-6 weeks (M's of)
    final stages of a herpes simplex outbreak
  17. origin of a "cold sore" or "fever blister" is?
    likely herpes simplex virus 1, but may be HSV-2
  18. localized pain, paresthesia, redness/rash, and vesicles (M's of)
    herpes zoster (shingles)
  19. what disorder follows a dermatome to get to an eruption site?
    herpes zoster (shingles)
  20. superficial white lesions, itching, pain (M's of)
    oral candidiasis (thrush)
  21. erythematous(red) macules, plaques with scaling, crusting, and discoloration (M's of)
    tinea (all areas except nails which just look nasty)
  22. vesicles, pustules, honey-colored or gold crusting (M's of)
    impetigo
  23. large, well-defined area of redness; often a/w an injection site or minor puncture wound (M's of)
    cellulitis
  24. area of redness that is warm, swollen, and painful (M's of)
    cellulitis
  25. localized pruritis a/w increased IgE, eosinophils, and Il-4 (M's of)
    atopic dermatitis
  26. localized erythema, edema, and pruritic vesicular lesions (M's of)
    contact dermatitis
  27. line-like lesions, papules, vesicles, and pruritis worse at night (M's of)
    scabies
  28. rash, myalgia (muscle pain), fatigue (M's of)
    early M's of lyme disease shortly after being bitten
  29. erythema, arthralgia, meningitis, neuritis, carditis (M's of)
    lyme disease (9 months after bite)
  30. red patches, joint pain, nerve pain, heart inflammation (M's of)
    lyme disease (9 months after bite) --- (erythema, arthralgia, neuritis, and carditis respectively)
  31. Lyme disease can lead to?
    arthritis, encephalopathy, polyneuropathy
  32. well defined, pearly or ivory, slightly elevated with depressed center (M's of)
    basal cell carcinoma
  33. open sore with raised border, crusted surface, and elevated base (M's of)
    squamous cell carcinoma
  34. scaly red patch with irregular border that may crust or bleed, but won't heal (M's of)
    squamous cell carcinoma
  35. random shape, uneven border, multi-toned, > ΒΌ inch (M's of)
    melanoma
  36. What makes electrical burns so hard to diagnose and treat?
    it is hard to determine the extent of the damage since it is mostly internal
  37. complications of electrical injury?
    cardiac, acid-base imbalances, tissue necrosis, and devascularization leading to amputation
  38. what degree burn is an electrical injury classified as?
    4th degree
  39. prostaglandins, thromboxane A2, and proteolytic enzymes are key players in what?
    frostbite
  40. what are some factors that cause tissue injury in frostbite?
    ice crystals, anoxia, oxygen free radicals, proteolytic enzymes

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