CRJ 2 Final

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CRJ 2 Final
2010-12-13 05:42:51
Criminal Justice II CSN

Final Test
Show Answers:

  1. What is the hands-off doctrine?
    A policy of nonintervention with regard to prison management that U.S courts tended to follow until the later 1960's. (prisoners have rights)
  2. What is a Correction Officer?
    a person charged with the responsibility of the supervision, safety and security of prisoners in a prison, jail, or similar form of secure custody
  3. What is Prisonization?
    Prisonization is the fact or process of becoming prisonized.
  4. where was the model of juvenill system started?
    Breed Vs. Jones; Roman "parens patriae"; "In re Gault" - 1967
  5. What is a Status Offense?
    • An act or conduct that is declared by statute to be an offense, but only when committed by or engaged in by a juvenile, and that can be adjudicated only by a juveniled court.
    • Purchasing cigarettes, buying alcohol are examples.
  6. What is preliminary hearing?
    A proceeding before a judicial officer in which three matters must be decided: whether a crime was committed, whether the crime occurred within the territorial jurisdiction of the court, and whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the defendant committed the crime.
  7. What are Schedule 2 drugs or Controlled Substances?
    Narcotics, Stimulants, General depressants, Marijuana, Hallucinogens, Inhalants, and Anabolic steroids.
  8. What is the Open Fields Doctrine?
    The open fields doctrine is a U.S. legal doctrine created judicially for purposes of evaluating claims of an unreasonable search by the government in violation of the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which states:
  9. What is the Harrison Narcotics Act?
    The first major piece of federal anti drug legislation passed in 1914. A USA federal law that regulated and taxed the production, importation, and distribution of opiates (narcotic drugs)
  10. Which act made Marijuana prohibited?
    The U.S Controlled Substance Act; U.S V. Oakland
  11. Abandoned property, is it protected by the 4th amendment?
    If its on your property then it's protected by the 4th amendment.
  12. What is the Marijuana tax act?
    The act was drafted by Harry Anslinger and introduced by Rep. Robert L. Doughton of North Carolina, on April 14, 1937.The Act levied a tax equaling roughly one dollar on anyone who dealt commercially in cannabis, hemp, or marijuana.
  13. What is a Federal Offense?
    A federal offense can be a felony or a misdemeanor depending on the severity of the crime and the severity of punishment that the national government imposes. When a national government establishes a law and imposes a penalty for a violation of such law anywhere in the country.
  14. What is Federal prison incarceration?
    a legal penalty that may be imposed by the state for the commission of a crime.
  15. What is cyberterrorism?
    A form of terrorism that makes use of high technology, especially computers and the Internet, in the planning and carrying out of terrorist attacks.
  16. What is the USA PATRIOT Act?
    • is an Act of the U.S. Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001 after the attack on 9/11.
    • -Act is to deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and other purposes
  17. What is domestic terrorism?
    The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operates entirely within the United States and it's territories, act without foreign direction, and directs its activities against elements of the U.S government or population.
  18. Is terrorism a transnational crime?
    Yes, its a transnational crime.
  19. What is Narcoterrorism?
    A political alliance between terrorist organizations and drug-supplying cartels. The cartels provide financing for the terrorists, who in turn provide quasi-military protection to the drug dealers.