Hort 2000

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Hort 2000
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2010-12-13 08:25:48
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intro horticulture
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UGA hort 2000 final notecards
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  1. 1) Georgia is number ONE nationally in value in which of the following horticulture
    crops?

    A. onions B. blueberries C. peaches D. greens






    1) Georgia is number ONE nationally in value in which of the following horticulture
    crops?

    A. onions B. blueberries C. peaches D. greens
    Greens
  2. 1) A simple berry fruit develops from …

    A.
    a single flower
    with many ovaries

    B.
    flowers that are
    separated but closely clustered

    C. a single
    flower and single ovary

    D. imperfect flowers
    A single flower and single ovary
  3. 1) Flower initiation in response to photoperiod means a
    plant will flower…

    A. based on day
    length

    B. whenever it feels like it

    C. only in the fall

    D. based on temperature
    Based on day length
  4. 1) An annual….

    A. grows from seed, flowers, sets fruit and dies in two
    years

    B. grows from
    seed, flowers, sets fruit and dies in one year

    C. grows from seed, flowers,
    sets fruit and continues its life cycle year to year

    D. is the same as a dioecious plant
    Grow from seed, flowers, sets fruit and dies in one year
  5. 1) Which of the following statements is true?

    A. xylem tissue
    carries water up into plant

    B. xylem tissue carries nutrients down to the tubers

    C. phloem tissue carries soil nutrients down to the roots

    D. phloem tissue delivers water to the leaves
    • A. xylem tissue
    • carries water up into plant
  6. 1) The peach is originally from _________.

    A. Florida B. Spain C.
    China
    D. Georgia
    China
  7. 1) A plant such as a kiwi, that
    has separate male and female plants is said to be

    A. monoecious B. dioecious C. a perfect flower D. deciduous
    Dioecious
  8. 1) The study and cultivation of almonds would fall under
    __________.

    A. viticulture B. pomology C. olericulture D.
    floriculture
    Pomology
  9. 1) The study and cultivation of pumpkins would fall under
    __________.

    A.
    viticulture B. pomology C. olericulture D. floriculture
    Olericulture
  10. 1) Who is considered the father of landscape
    architecture?

    A. Capability Brown B. F. L.
    Olmstead C. Andrew Jackson Downing D. L.H. Bailey
    B. F. L. Olmstead
  11. 1) Who is considered the father of horticulture as a
    science and field of study?

    A.
    Capability Brown B. F. L. Olmstead C.
    Andrew Jackson Downing D. L.H. Bailey
    L.H. Bailey
  12. 1) Hydrangea
    macrophylla, is not native to the US.
    It is likely from…

    A. Canada B.
    England
    C. China D. South America
    China
  13. 1) The growth and size of MOST house plants is directly
    related to

    A. the volume
    of soil provided

    B. the amount of overwatering it experiences

    C. the amount of light they receive
    The volume of soil provided
  14. 1) Which part of the root actually makes soil contact and
    takes up water and nutrients?

    A. tap root
    B. lateral root
    C. root hair
    D. rhizome
    Root hair
  15. 1) The primary function
    of the stem is…

    A. photosynthesis

    B. attract butterflies

    C. to support the plant vascular system

    D. protect flower buds
    To support the plant vascular system
  16. 1) The primary function of the sepal is …

    A. photosynthesis

    B. attraction of pollinators

    C. to support the plant
    vascular system

    D. protect
    flower buds
    protect flower buds
  17. 1) The phloem transports …

    A. minerals from the soil

    B. mineral elements to the leaf

    C. pollen from the anther to the stamen

    D. sugars from
    the leaves to the “sinks”
    Sugars from the leaves to the "sinks"
  18. 1) A fruit, such as an apricot, with a hard seed
    surrounded by fleshy fruit is a …

    A. pea B. drupe C. berry D.
    nut
    drupe
  19. 1) Which of the following is eaten as a stem?

    A. broccoli B.
    almond
    C. asparagus D. sweet
    potato
    asparagus
  20. 1) Which is the correct way to display the botanical name
    for flowering dogwood?

    A. Cornus florida C.
    cornus florida C.
    Cornus Florida D.
    Cornus ‘Florida’
    Cornus florida
  21. 1) The pistil is made up of which of the following three
    components

    A. ovary, style, and stigma

    B. anther, stigma, and stamen

    C. stamen, ovary, and sepal


    D. anther, filament, and stamen
    ovary style and stigma
  22. 1) Which of the following is an input of photosynthesis?

    A. glucose B. sugar
    C.
    carbon dioxide
    D. soil minerals
    carbon dioxide
  23. 1) What is the physiological process by which plants
    ‘pull or pump’ water from the soil?

    A. photosynthesis B.
    transpiration C. etoliation D.
    respiration
    transpiration
  24. 1) Which of the following is an underground stem, a
    vegetable, and a native to the Andes Mts. of S. America?

    A. tomato B. corn C. potato
    D. celery
    potato
  25. 1) The genus portion of the botanical name, Theobroma
    cacao ‘Upall Knight’ is…

    A. Theobroma
    B.
    'Upall Knight’'
    C. cacao
    theobroma
  26. 1) Most houseplants die from

    A. too much love B. over protective parents C. lack of nutrition D. over watering
    over watering
  27. 1) Georgia will likely never be number one in peaches
    because…

    A. People in Georgia don’t like to eat peaches as much as
    people in other states

    B. Low soil pH in Georgia

    C. High
    humidity and major disease problems

    D. They are not native to Georgia
    high humidity and major disease problem
  28. 1) Which of the following is a dicot, a vegetable and native
    to the Americas.

    A. Bermuda grass B. apples C.
    corn D. squash
    squash
  29. 1) If you are floriculturist, what do you study or grow?

    A. fruits B.
    vegetables C. flowers D. grapes
    flowers
  30. 1) _____ was the first to promote magazines and books for
    the general public which promoted the concepts of the lawn and garden. He died
    tragically in a steamboat accident.

    A. L. H. Bailey B. Thomas
    Bridgeman C. Andrew
    Jackson Downing D. Capability Brown
    andrew jackson downing
  31. 1) Respiration can best be described as the…

    A. process of water uptake from the soil through the
    roots

    B. process of
    braking down glucose into other forms of sugars the plant uses for energy

    C. process of distributing hormones throughout the plant

    D. process of harnessing light energy to make chemical
    energy
    process of braking down glucose into other forms of sugars the plant uses for energy
  32. 1) The holes or “pores” on the undersides of leaves,
    through which gases are exchanged are called…

    A. ovules B. petioles C.
    stomates D.
    chlorophyll molecules
    stomates
  33. 1) Who was the Greek dude know for beginning the
    documenting of plants?

    Theophrastus
    B. Capability Brown
    C. A. J. Downing D.
    William Bartram
    theophrastus
  34. 1) Who is considered the Father of Genetics?

    A. Gregor Mendel
    B. Andrew J. Downing
    C. Descoridies
    D. Charles Darwin
    Gregor mendel
  35. 1) Most of the water taken up through the process of
    transpiration is

    A.
    used to make
    hormones

    B.
    used to water the
    roots

    C.
    released through
    the stomates

    D.
    directed to
    “sinks”
    released through the stomates
  36. 1) C4 plants are considered to be more efficient than C3 plants

    A. True B. False
    True
  37. 1) The cuticle layers is likely to be thicker and waxier
    on …

    A. C3
    plants
    B. C3
    plants
    C. CAM plants
    CAM plants
  38. 1) Most nutrient uptake is dependent on …

    A.
    alienation
    B. sublimination
    C. transpiration
    D. respiration
    transpiration
  39. 1) A fruit, such as a blueberry, that requires a
    different cultivar as pollinator plant, can only be considered one of
    the following…

    A. sterile
    B. dioecious
    C. self fruitful D. self-unfruitful
    self unfruitful
  40. 1) If you are a pomologist, what do you study?

    A. fruits B.
    vegetables C.
    flowers
    D. squash
    fruits
  41. 1) Which of the following is an annual, berry, and native
    to Central America?

    A. pepper B. corn C.
    cacao (chocolate)
    D. banana
    Pepper
  42. 1) Theobroma cacao (chocolate source) is originally from …

    A. China (Asia) B. Switzerland C. Columbia (S. America) D. Ethiopia
    (Africa)
    Columbia (S. America)
  43. 1) Coffee is originally from …

    A. China (Asia) B. Costa Rica (C.
    America) C. Columbia
    (S. America) D. Ethiopia (Africa)
    Ethiopia
  44. 1) Who is responsible for the current theory about the 8
    centers of origin for most edible crops?

    A. William Bartram B. Nicholas I. Vavilov C. Frederick L. Olmstead
    D. Gregor Mendel
    Nicholas I. Vavilov
  45. 1) The Columbian exchange brought which horticulture
    crops TO Europe from the Caribbean and South America?

    A. coffee, watermelon, okra

    B. pineapple,
    cocoa, peppers

    C. citrus, bananas, olives
    pineapple, cocoa, peppers
  46. 1) Aggregate fruits, like strawberries, develop from

    A. a single
    flower with many ovaries

    B. many flowers that are separated but closely clustered

    C. a single flower and simple ovary

    D. imperfect flowers
    a single flower with many ovaries
  47. 1) The actively growing tissue in both the shoot tips and
    root tips is called…

    A. chlorophyll

    B. cuticle

    C. epidermis

    D. meristem
    meristem
  48. 1)
    Sugars,
    manufactured in the leaf through photosynthesis, require…

    A.
    energy to move them to actively growing regions of the
    plant

    B.
    transpiration to pump
    them up to the leaves

    C.
    parthenocarpy to
    make them grow better

    D.
    cool temperatures
    to function properly
    energy to move them to actively growing regions of the plant
  49. 1)
    Asexual reproduction in plants… (select the best answer)

    A. requires a male and female plant

    B. happens more frequently through human intervention
    than naturally

    C. results in hybrid plants

    D. requires pollination first, then fertilization
    happens more frequently through human intervention than naturally
  50. 1)
    Plant tissue
    culture relies on the fact that plant cells have the genetic material to
    regenerate into an entirely new plant. This ability is called…

    A. parthenocarpy
    B) self
    pollinating C) totipotency D) hybridization
    totipotency
  51. 1)
    The ideal soil is (should be)_______ % air.

    A.
    25% B. 50% C. 100% D. <10
    25%
  52. )
    Which of the
    following fertilizer elements is required in the largest amount by most plants?

    A.
    iron B. phosphorus C.
    magnesium
    D. copper
    phosphorus
  53. 1)
    Which is the best water regime to encourage deep root systems?

    A.
    water frequently for short periods of time

    B. water less often, longer

    C.
    doesn’t make a difference

    D.
    I was searching the Web during that lecture and have no idea what you
    talking about
    water less often longer
  54. 1)
    Plants loose water MOSTLY by …

    A.
    evaporation
    B. transpiration C. perspiration D. constipation
    transpiration
  55. 1) The optimal pH range for most horticultural crops is …

    A.
    4.5-5.0 B. 6.0-6.5 C. 7.5-8.0
    D. <5.0
    6-6.5
  56. 1)
    The acidity of
    soils can be increased by adding…

    A.
    sand
    B. lime C. sulfur
    D. nitrogen
    sulfur
  57. 1)
    A 100 pound bag
    of 10-20-10 has ________ lbs. ACTUAL PHOSPHORUS?

    A.
    10
    B. 40
    C. 15
    D. 20
    20
  58. 1)
    Which of the
    following encourages genetic diversity among horticulture crops.

    A.
    cloning B. apomixis C. grafting D. open pollination
    open pollination
  59. 1) Tissue culture is the same as….

    A. sexual reproduction B. pollination C. cloning D. grafting
    cloning
  60. 1) Ethylene is directly
    related to which of the following plant responses?

    A. fruit ripening B. growth C. respiration D. sugar transport
    fruit ripening
  61. 1) Hormone (auxin), applied to
    recently taken stem cuttings, …

    A. encourages leaf
    development

    B. slows down
    transpiration


    C. decreases cell division

    D.
    promotes
    cell differentiation and growth
    promotes cell differentiation and growth
  62. 1)
    Heavily compacted soil is mostly…

    A.
    air
    B. water C. minerals D.
    organic matter
    minerals
  63. 1)
    Grafting apple
    trees requires a top and a bottom component, respectively called the …

    A. cutting:rootstock B.
    bud:shoot C. scion:rootstock D. leaf:stem
    scion:rootstock
  64. 1)
    The requirement
    for a physical breakdown of the seed coat prior to germination is called…

    A.
    scarification
    B. vernalization C.
    stratification D.
    coldification
    scarification
  65. 1)
    Soil CEC
    represents…

    A.
    the time it takes
    for soil to drain

    B. an indicator
    of soil fertility

    C.
    the acidity of
    the soil

    D.
    an indicator of
    wilting point
    an indicator of soil fertility
  66. 1) Clay soil particles have a ….

    A. positive charge B. tendency to drain quickly C. generally low
    fertility D. negative charge
    negative charge
  67. 1)
    Which of the
    following fruit crops prefers acid soil conditions?

    A.
    strawberries B.
    blueberries
    C. tomatoes D. asparagus
    blueberries
  68. 1)
    The primary ingredient in lime that raises soil ph is _________?

    A. vinegar
    B. sulfur
    C. potassium
    D. calcium
    calcium
  69. To be a “good
    weed”, a plant must have all the following characteristics EXCEPT…

    A.
    fast growing B.
    perennial
    C. high seed count
    D. low seed viability
    low seed viability
  70. 1)
    At the CELLULAR
    level, what is happening with tropic responses in plants?

    A.
    cell
    reduction B.
    increased ethylene
    C. cell elongation/growth D. lowering gibberllin
    levels
    cell elongation/growth
  71. 1)
    Which of the
    following is accurate for the optimum pH range required by plants?

    A.
    It enhances the
    availability of water to plants

    B.
    It controls the
    amount of oxygen available in the growing medium

    C. It maximizes
    the absorption of essential nutrients by roots

    D.
    It limits the
    growth of soil microorganisms
    it maximizes the absorption of essential nutrients by roots
  72. 1)
    If you select a
    resistant variety, which corner of the disease triangle are you eliminating?

    A.
    environment
    B. pathogen
    C. host
    D. temperature
    host
  73. 1)
    In general,
    fertilizer is applied to horticulture crops … (select the best answer)

    A. When growth
    starts in the spring

    B.
    When growth stops
    in the fall

    C.
    Doesn’t matter
    when applied
    when growth starts in the spring
  74. 1)
    The Cation
    Exchange Capacity (CEC) of soil is a function of the ________ of the soil.

    A.
    drainage B.
    water holding capacity C) texture D.
    compaction
    texture
  75. 1)
    If nitrogen is
    soluble in soil water, which soil would have the greatest problem with leaching
    of N?

    A.
    sand
    B. silt
    C. clay
    D. no difference
    sand
  76. 1) Thigmatropism is a growth curvature in response to
    which of the following?

    A. light B.
    touch C.
    gravity D.
    water
    touch
  77. 1) The requirement that a plant must have a cold period
    prior to flower bud initiation is called … _____.

    A.
    vernalization B. cold hardiness C. stratification D.
    indemnification
    vervalization
  78. 1) Members of this plant family “fix” nitrogen from the
    soil air with their roots with the help of bacteria.

    A. Ugliaceae B. Onlyaceae
    C. Rosaceae D. Leguminoseae
    leguminoseae
  79. 1)
    Potting materials
    used in greenhouse containers are called __________ or _______, instead of soil.

    A. artificial
    mix:media B.
    peat:sulfur C. dirt:compost
    artificial mix:media

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