a&p I lecture

Card Set Information

Author:
shaiangelz
ID:
55569
Filename:
a&p I lecture
Updated:
2010-12-13 09:59:55
Tags:
anatomy physiology lecture
Folders:

Description:
final exam questions
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user shaiangelz on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. most prevalent cell of skin. Contains numerous intermediate filaments called “keratin”
    Keratinocyte
  2. responsible for producing the pigment in skin, melanin
    Melanocyte
  3. an “antigen presenting cell”, it recognizes and binds to foreign molecules and transports them into the connective tissue where immune cells will respond
    Langerhan cell
  4. the least common cell in skin. This cell contacts a sensory nerve ending and is involved in touch sensation
    Merkel cell
  5. the study of inheritance or how certain personal traits (characteristics) are transmitted from one generation to another
    Genetics
  6. specific segment of DNA responsible for synthesis of a specific protein or group of related proteins responsible for a specific cell function or characteristic. gives us specific traits.
    Gene
  7. alternative or different form of a gene (or genes) responsible for a specific trait, such as hair color.
    Allele
  8. term describing the actual genetic make-up of an individual or what specific alleles are present for each gene in an individual.
    Genotype
  9. term used to describe the actual physical or outward expression of a gene (the observable affects of gene activity).
    Phenotype
  10. a change in the structure of a gene (change in DNA sequence) that will affect the genotype and phenotype of an individual.
    Mutation
  11. Chromosomes that are dividing are made up of 2 identical parts called ?
    sister chromatids
  12. The sister chromatids are held together at a region called
    the centromere
  13. DIPLOID # = ?


    HAPLOID # =?
    46

    23
  14. a tumor that does not spread throughout the body. May be dangerous or fatal due to location.
    Benign tumor
  15. tumor composed of rapidly dividing cells that can spread throughout the body and affect the normal structure and function of any organ.
    Malignant tumor (cancer)
  16. Cancer can spread by:
    a. Invasion of surrounding tissue
    b. Metastasis – spread through blood or lymphatic vessels
    c. Seeding- physical transport of cancer cells
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  17. part of the gene that does code for a protein
    EXON
  18. part of the gene that does not code for a protein
    INTRON
  19. TYPES OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION:
    occurs in the presence of oxygen (O2) . This consumes O2 and gives off CO2 during the production of ATP.
    Aerobic respiration
  20. TYPES OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION:

    occurs in the absence of oxygen
    Anaerobic respiration
  21. connective tissue layer surrounding each piece of cartilage (except fibrocartilage). Responsible for growth and repair of cartilage.
    Perichondrium
  22. secrete into hair follicles (oil glands)
    Sebaceous glands
  23. Sweat glands (Sudoriferous glands)
    •Eccrine sweat glands – most prevalent
    •Apocrine sweat glands – limited areas

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview