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Plains of Italy
- Lathium- in the north
- Campainia- in the south
Mountain Range in Italy
Who were the Etruscans?
One of the 4 groups that made Romans; they were one of the most puzzling because no one knew where they came from.
What were the Etruscans known for?
They introduced writing
Made Rome a very important city
Brought Rome into contact with the world
Roman form of government moved from___->___->___->___
- Permanent dictatorship under emporers
Under limited monarchy the king
had been elected by the latins
What are patricians?
the nobles class of Romans (10% of the pop.)
Aristocrats called patres famillium- father of the Family (about 50 clans)
What are senate members called?
even thought the king was elected he
was required to seek advice from a council of nobles called the senate
Last Etruscan King
Tarquin the Proud
Who established an Oligarchy (rule of few)?
- Patricians- they called it republica.
- In ordert to gain support of the plebians(commoners)
The established oligarchy(rule of few) was called?
- The imperium- 2 magistrates called consuls(senators)
- They were elected for 1 year but reserved the right to be appointed dictator.
Gathering of plebians
Made because plebians wanted freedom from oppression
Who had the unique power of veto?
- 2 positions from the councillium plebis
All Roman laws be written down and visible to all
in 450 BC ___bronze tablets were placed in the forum.
What were they called?
marriage between patricians and plebians was___ due to the councillium plebis.
What was the struggle between the patricians and plebians called?
"struggle of the orders"
when did Roman govt become a democracy
Why didn't a tyrant take over during the struggle of the powers?
Their willingness to compromise with each other.
- They give us a sense of who we are today
- Pietas-sense of duty
- Gravitas- seriousness of purpose
- Dignatus- sense of personal worth
- a desire for peace
Who was involved in the punic wars?
What was the most dangerous war Rome was in? What was the outcome?
Who was Hannibal?
A General from Carthage who is determined to desroy rome during the 2nd Punic war.
Who defeated Hnnibal? Where?
- Cornelius Scipio(africanus)
What were the 4 groups of Romans?
Sicily was wht for Rome?
- Romes 1st Province
- Rome wanted Sicily for cheap grain
When did Rome aquire Sicily?
During the Punic wars
What are the Greek cities located on the eastern side of the Italian Peninsula?
the Trojan Aneas escaped the destruction of Troy and sets up a kingdom in Italy.
Given to Rome from the King of Peragamum
What was Peragumum to Rome?
It's first province in Asia Minor
takes his army and defeats mithridates and then returns to Rome.
Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
The Rise of Octavian(Caesars Grand Nephew)
Marcus Lepidus, Marc Antony, and Octavian
What happened in 390 BC?
The Celts(Gauls) cross the Po River and defeat the Roman Army. They take rome and hold it for Ransom. When the Romans pay, they leave and the Romans build a wall around the city.
They then take the Army and divide it into 120 men units called maniples.
What led to Rome and Magna Graecia?
The defeat of the Latin League and the Samnite hill tribes.
What were the children for the Patricians and Plebians called
The Senatorial Class.
What did Tiberius Gracchus do?
Proposed the limiting of public land to 320 Acres and the rest be divided between the poor and veterans?
Gaius Gracchus did what?
- Carried out his brothers law
- he proposed all latin neighbors become citizens. Because of this, he lost support of the Mob and 3000 of his followers were killed.
- He commited suicide
Created a new style of Roman Army.
Huge Slave plantations
The legend of Romulus and Remus
Female wolf finds 2 of Aneas' descendants and saves them from drowning and raises them herself. In 753 BC they establish Rome.
Why did the Roman Republic grow into an empire
They wanted to make sure they could protect Rome.
Gladius? Who was it associated with?
- Short Stabbing Sword
Who found Rome bick and left it marble?
Who were the rich capitalists that solve rome's money problems during the Republic Pd.
Augustus' reign was known as?
Pax Romana- Peace of Rome
What is the Latin League?
Rome and Latin neighbors enter into a defensive alliance in order to resist the etruscans should they return.
From the Rhine river in the north to the Euphrates in the East and into north Africa
- Hadrian- Stabilized the frontier boundaries and built walls.
- Marcus Aurelius- Great philosopher and stoic- After his death the early roman empire ended
Romes first civil war
Colline gate- 6000 Romans and Marius killed, Sulla wins
Rome's second civil war
between Pompey and Caesar.