Kayla Regan

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Anonymous
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55582
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Kayla Regan
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2010-12-13 11:34:55
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Medical Terminology Final
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AH 2001
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  1. Hypercapnia is:
    High carbon dioxide levels in the blood
  2. Stridor occurs in which upper respiratory disorder?
    Croup
  3. ________ is a localized area of pus formation in the lungs.
    Pulmonary Abcess
  4. Sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest is referred to as:
    Percussion
  5. The medical term for a condition of decreased oxygen in the blood is:
    Hypoxemia
  6. _______ is a condition in which breathing is easier in an upright position.
    Orthopnea
  7. The uppermost portion of the lung is the:
    apex
  8. _______ is a type of pneumoconiosis.
    dust particles are inhaled
    Asbestosis
  9. _______ is the spitting up of blood from the lungs.
    hemoptysis
  10. Phren/o means:
    diaphragm
  11. This bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough:
    asthma
  12. The act of expelling material from the lungs is known as:
    expectoration
  13. Bronchial tube
    bronch/o
  14. Smell
    -osmia
  15. Widening, expansion
    -ectasis
  16. Lung or portion of a lung is collapsed
    atelectasis
  17. Inherited disease of exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction
    cystic fibrosis
  18. Air-containing cavities in the bones around the nose are the _____.
    paranasal sinuses
  19. A __________ relieveing symptoms, but does not cure a disease.
    palliative
  20. IgM, IgG, IgA, IgD, IgE are types of:
    immunoglobulins
  21. In the _____, leukocytes are stained and counted under a microscope to
    see numbers and percentages of types of white blood cells:
    White blood cell differential
  22. _____ occurs when the symptoms of a disease return.
    relapse
  23. The white blood cell with reddish granules whose numbers increase in allergic reactions is the:
    Eosinophil
  24. An immature red blood cell is a(n):
    Erythroblast
  25. ______ is protein threads that form the basis of a clot.
    Fibrin
  26. In the ______ test, a sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that
    red cells fall to the bottom and the percentage of RBCs is determined.
    hematocrit
  27. _____ is a viral infection which causes blisters on the skin of lips, nose, or genitals.
    herpes simplex
  28. ____ is a type of cancer arising from the lining cells of capillaries, producing bluish-red skin nodules.
    kaposi's sarcoma
  29. The __________ produces lymphocytes and monocytes and all other blood cells.
    bone marrow
  30. Atopy is:
    hypersensitivity or allergic state
  31. ____ is a malignant tumor of lymph nodes.
    hodgkin disease
  32. Interferons and interleukins are:
    antiviral proteins produced by T cell lymphocytes
  33. Formation of lymph is referred to as:
    Lymphopoiesis
  34. Removal, carry away
    -apheresis
  35. Groin
    inguin/o
  36. Protection
    -phylaxis
  37. Resembling, derived from
    -oid
  38. The knuckle-like process at the end of a bone is called a:
    condyle
  39. The shoulder bone is the:
    scapula
  40. The projection of the temporal bone is the:
    mastoid process
  41. The outward extension of the shoulder bone is the:
    acromion
  42. An opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is a:
    foramen
  43. What is the medical term for a clubfoot?
    talipes
  44. Occipital, sphenoid, frontal, temporal, and ethmoid are bones of the:
    cranium
  45. _______ is a malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
    Leiomyosarcoma
  46. Mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the:
    face
  47. Vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of bone, which is known as:
    osteomalacia
  48. Chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage is known as:
    Rheumatoid arthritis?
  49. ________ is the surgical repair of a joint.
    arthroplasty
  50. Spongy, porous bone tissue is also called:
    cancellous bone
  51. Smooth muscle
    leiomy/o
  52. Rotation
    circular movement around an axis
  53. Pronation
    turning the palm backward
  54. Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones
    fissure
  55. ________ is a type of fungal infection.
    Trichomycosis
  56. ________ is a type of dermatomycosis.
    Tinea
  57. combining form for skin
    Cutane/o
  58. A type of epithelial cell on the epidermis is a:
    Squamous cell
  59. itching
    Pruritus
  60. ________ is a hard protein material found in the epidermis.
    collagen
  61. _______ is a blind spot; area of depressed vision surrounded by an area of normal vision.
    scotoma
  62. Glaucoma is primarily diagnosed by:
    tonometry
  63. Macular degeneration produces:
    loss of central vision
  64. The combining form for cornea is:
    kerat/o
  65. _______ are photosensitive receptor cells of the retina which make the perception of color possible.
    rods
  66. ________ is a bacterial infection of the middle ear.
    Suppurative otitis media
  67. _______ is a visual examination of the ear.
    otoscopy
  68. Wrinkle
    rhytid/o
  69. eyelid
    Blephar/o
  70. pupil
    Cor/o
  71. Eustachian tube, auditory tube
    salping/o
  72. darkness
    scot/o
  73. Which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones?
    ACTH
  74. Which of the following is a description of a thyroid scan?
    Administration of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules
  75. Which of the following is a function of the thyroid gland?
    secrete thyroxine
  76. Insulin deficiency or resistance which leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis is a description of which disease?
    diabetes mellitus
  77. Advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood is known as:
    myxedema
  78. Kal/i is a combining form for which substance?
    potassium
  79. Natr/o is the combining form for which substance?
    sodium
  80. _______ is characterized by thyrotoxicosis; hypersecretion of the thyroid gland.
    grave's disease
  81. Where are gonadotropins secreted?
    anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
  82. Which of the following is associated with neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy?
    Secondary complications of diabetes mellitus
  83. Which of the following is a description of achondroplasia?
    Defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth
  84. mucus
    myx/o
  85. enlargement
    –megaly
  86. Increases reabsorption of sodium by kidney tubules
    aldosterone
  87. Stimulates secretion of hormones from adrenal cortex
    ACTH
  88. Increases blood sugar
    glucagon
  89. Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates contraction of the uterus during childbirth
    oxytocin
  90. Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates ovulation
    LH
  91. Secreted by the parathyroid glands; increases blood calcium
    parathormone
  92. Abnormal growth of connective tissue, or __________, is a side effect of radiation therapy to the lungs.
    fibrosis
  93. Which of the following is a description of a fungating tumor?
    Mushrooming pattern of growth as tumor cells pile on top of each other
  94. Redness of the skin, or ________, is a side effect of radiation therapy.
    Erythema
  95. Which term includes sessile and pedunculated types of growths?
    polyploid
  96. What is a definition of a radioresistant tumor?
    Tumor requires large doses of radiation to produce death of cells
  97. Which of the following is an x-ray of a joint?
    arthrogram
  98. Which of the following is true of a radiopaque substance?
    Absorbs most of the x-rays it is exposed to
  99. Which of the following best characterizes a CT scan?
    Uses ionizing x-rays and a computer to produce a transverse image of the body organs
  100. What is thallium 201?
    radionuclide
  101. Morphine is a(n):
    Analgesic drug
  102. The study of the interaction of drugs and subcellular entities such as enzymes and DNA is called:
    Molecular pharmacology
  103. Drugs that control anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior are:
    tranquilizers
  104. mixture
    cras/o
  105. glass
    vitr/o
  106. formation
    plas/o

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