Card Set Information
Medical Terminology Final
High carbon dioxide levels in the blood
Stridor occurs in which upper respiratory disorder?
________ is a localized area of pus formation in the lungs.
Sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest is referred to as:
The medical term for a condition of decreased oxygen in the blood is:
_______ is a condition in which breathing is easier in an upright position.
The uppermost portion of the lung is the:
_______ is a type of pneumoconiosis.
dust particles are inhaled
_______ is the spitting up of blood from the lungs.
This bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough:
The act of expelling material from the lungs is known as:
Lung or portion of a lung is collapsed
Inherited disease of exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction
Air-containing cavities in the bones around the nose are the _____.
A __________ relieveing symptoms, but does not cure a disease.
IgM, IgG, IgA, IgD, IgE are types of:
In the _____, leukocytes are stained and counted under a microscope to
see numbers and percentages of types of white blood cells:
White blood cell differential
_____ occurs when the symptoms of a disease return.
The white blood cell with reddish granules whose numbers increase in allergic reactions is the:
An immature red blood cell is a(n):
______ is protein threads that form the basis of a clot.
In the ______ test, a sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that
red cells fall to the bottom and the percentage of RBCs is determined.
_____ is a viral infection which causes blisters on the skin of lips, nose, or genitals.
____ is a type of cancer arising from the lining cells of capillaries, producing bluish-red skin nodules.
The __________ produces lymphocytes and monocytes and all other blood cells.
hypersensitivity or allergic state
____ is a malignant tumor of lymph nodes.
Interferons and interleukins are:
antiviral proteins produced by T cell lymphocytes
Formation of lymph is referred to as:
Removal, carry away
Resembling, derived from
The knuckle-like process at the end of a bone is called a:
The shoulder bone is the:
The projection of the temporal bone is the:
The outward extension of the shoulder bone is the:
An opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is a:
What is the medical term for a clubfoot?
Occipital, sphenoid, frontal, temporal, and ethmoid are bones of the:
_______ is a malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
Mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the:
Vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of bone, which is known as:
Chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage is known as:
________ is the surgical repair of a joint.
Spongy, porous bone tissue is also called:
circular movement around an axis
turning the palm backward
Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones
________ is a type of fungal infection.
________ is a type of dermatomycosis.
combining form for skin
A type of epithelial cell on the epidermis is a:
________ is a hard protein material found in the epidermis.
_______ is a blind spot; area of depressed vision surrounded by an area of normal vision.
Glaucoma is primarily diagnosed by:
Macular degeneration produces:
loss of central vision
The combining form for cornea is:
_______ are photosensitive receptor cells of the retina which make the perception of color possible.
________ is a bacterial infection of the middle ear.
Suppurative otitis media
_______ is a visual examination of the ear.
Eustachian tube, auditory tube
Which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones?
Which of the following is a description of a thyroid scan?
Administration of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules
Which of the following is a function of the thyroid gland?
Insulin deficiency or resistance which leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis is a description of which disease?
Advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood is known as:
Kal/i is a combining form for which substance?
Natr/o is the combining form for which substance?
_______ is characterized by thyrotoxicosis; hypersecretion of the thyroid gland.
Where are gonadotropins secreted?
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Which of the following is associated with neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy?
Secondary complications of diabetes mellitus
Which of the following is a description of achondroplasia?
Defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth
Increases reabsorption of sodium by kidney tubules
Stimulates secretion of hormones from adrenal cortex
Increases blood sugar
Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates contraction of the uterus during childbirth
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates ovulation
Secreted by the parathyroid glands; increases blood calcium
Abnormal growth of connective tissue, or __________, is a side effect of radiation therapy to the lungs.
Which of the following is a description of a fungating tumor?
Mushrooming pattern of growth as tumor cells pile on top of each other
Redness of the skin, or ________, is a side effect of radiation therapy.
Which term includes sessile and pedunculated types of growths?
What is a definition of a radioresistant tumor?
Tumor requires large doses of radiation to produce death of cells
Which of the following is an x-ray of a joint?
Which of the following is true of a radiopaque substance?
Absorbs most of the x-rays it is exposed to
Which of the following best characterizes a CT scan?
Uses ionizing x-rays and a computer to produce a transverse image of the body organs
What is thallium 201?
Morphine is a(n):
The study of the interaction of drugs and subcellular entities such as enzymes and DNA is called:
Drugs that control anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior are: