Chapter 11 & 12

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mmbarton
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55636
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Chapter 11 & 12
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2010-12-13 17:16:12
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Chapter 11 & 12
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  1. What powers the water cycle?
    a. rain and snow

    b. springs and wells

    c. ocean currents

    d. sun’s energy
    d. sun’s energy
  2. Besides gradient and load, what else affects stream erosion?
    A. discharge
    B. height of divide
    C. channel length
    D. number of tributaries
    A. discharge
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What kind of river has a wide, flat flood plain and many bends where it deposits rock and soil?
    A. a youthful river
    B. an old river
    C. a mature river
    D. a rejuvenated river
    B. an old river
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What is the rock and soil deposited by streams called?
    a. sediment

    b. sinkholes

    c. aquifer

    d. stalagmites
    a. sediment
  5. Besides deltas and placer deposits, what else is a result of stream deposits?
    a. smaller channels

    b. smaller rocks and minerals

    c. dissolved calcium and sodium

    d. floods and alluvial fans
    d. floods and alluvial fans
  6. When a stream deposits sediment, what can happen to the land?

    a. it decreases in size

    b. it increases in size

    c. it stays the same

    d. it evaporates
    b. it increases in size
  7. What method of flood control involves building up the banks of a river to keep the river within its channel?

    a. alluvial fan

    b. levee

    c. dam

    d. placer deposit
    b. levee
  8. What are the buried pipes that distribute cleaned water into the ground?

    a. artesian spring

    b. septic tank

    c. drain field

    d. Ogallala aquifer
    c. drain field
  9. If a sewer pipe is leaking from an apartment building and a factory is dumping waste into the same river, what kind of pollution is it?
    a. point-source pollution

    b. nonpoint-source pollution

    c. runoff pollution

    d. fertilizer pollution
    b. nonpoint-source pollution
  10. The water table is found between what two areas?

    a. zones of aeration and saturation
    b. areas of percolation and evaporation c. areas of runoff and ground water
    d. locations of deltas and alluvial plains
    a. zones of aeration and saturation
  11. A watershed is land that is drained by

    a. a septic tank.

    b. a water system.

    c. runoff.

    d. an alluvial plain.
    b. a water system.
  12. While a youthful river is steep and fast flowing, a mature river
    a. has fewer tributaries.

    b. has poor drainage.

    c. has few waterfalls.

    d. has terraces.
    c. has few waterfalls.
  13. Drip irrigation delivers water directly to the
    a. roots of crops.

    b. farmers.

    c. fields.

    d. aquifers..
    a. roots of crops.
  14. Material carried in a river in solution, or dissolved in the water, is called a
    a. bed load.

    b. youthful load.

    c. dissolved load.

    d. suspended load.
    d. suspended load.
  15. Large materials, such as pebbles and boulders, carried along by a stream are called a
    a. bed load.

    b. mature load.

    c. suspended load.

    d. dissolved load.
    a. bed load.
  16. A stream is most likely to deposit the rock and soil that it is carrying when

    a. its current slows.

    b. its volume increases.

    c. it carries many pollutants.

    d. it has a steep gradient.
    a. its current slows.
  17. Old rivers are characterized by
    a. high erosive energy.

    b. straight channels.

    c. tectonic activity.

    d. sediment deposition.
    d. sediment deposition.
  18. If a stream has a high discharge rate, it

    a. becomes a river.

    b. cuts a wider, shallow channel.

    c. can carry larger particles.

    d. forms more tributaries.
    c. can carry larger particles.
  19. Large sinkholes in Florida have formed because

    a. rivers erode their banks.

    b. the water table was lower than the caves.

    c. its rivers have a low discharge rate.

    d. the nitrate level was higher than the caves.
    b. the water table was lower than the caves.
  20. How does nonpoint-source pollution reach bodies of water?

    a. by runoff

    b. by evaporation

    c. by water treatment

    d. by condensation
    a. by runoff
  21. What is the upper boundary of the zone of saturation called?

    A.water table
    B.nitrates
    C.alluvial plain
    D.evaporation
    A.water table
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What is formed on dry land?
    A.an alluvial fan
    B.water pollution
    C.a terrace
    D.delta
    A.an alluvial fan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What are pebbles and boulders carried in a stream called?
    A.a youthful load
    B.a bed load
    C.a suspended load
    D.a dissolved load
    B.a bed load
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What do river systems help to do?
    A.form aquifers
    B.keep water tables high
    C.control pollution
    D.drain watersheds
    D.drain watersheds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. If a stream has a bed load, it is more likely to cause
    A.low DO levels.
    B.water pollution.
    C.erosion.
    .dry wells.
    C.erosion.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. For percolation to occur, what kind of rock must be on the surface?
    A.impermeable
    B.suspended
    C.permeable
    D.resistant
    C.permeable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. While hiking through a river valley, you notice that the sides of the valley look like steps. What kind of river is flowing in the valley?
    A.youthful
    B.matured
    C.old
    D.rejuvenate
    D.rejuvenate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The difference between an alluvial fan and a delta is that the alluvial fan is deposited at the base of
    A.of a stream.
    B.an aquifer.
    C.of a river flowing into an ocean.
    D.a mountain stream.
    D.a mountain stream.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Point-source pollution comes from
    A.sewage treatment plants.
    B.one source.
    C.more than one source.
    D.factories.
    B.one source.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Sewage treatment plants
    A.clean waste water.
    B.redirects the flow of waste water.
    C.clean one household's waste water.
    D.release waste into the atmosphere.
    A.clean waste water.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What percentage of the Earth? water is drinkable?
    A.60%
    B.30%
    C.13%
    D.3%
    D.3%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. What is an offshore column of rock that was once connected to the mainland called?
    A.a sea arch
    B.a sea cave
    C.a wave-cut terrace
    D.a sea stack
    D.a sea stack
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. What is a large hole in weak rock near a sea cliff called?
    A.a sea cave
    B.a sea stack
    C.a sea arch
    D.a wave-cut terrace
    A.a sea cave
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which type of moraine forms along each side of a glacier?
    A.terminal moraine
    B.medial moraine
    C.lateral moraine
    D.ground moraine
    C.lateral moraine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What is the most common type of landslide?
    A.slump
    B.slope
    C.eruption
    D.rock fall
    A.slump
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A mudflow of a volcanic origin is called a
    A.slump.
    B.lahar.
    C.creep.
    D.slope.
    B.lahar.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following affects the largest area?

    A.alpine glaciers
    B.mass movements
    C.lahars
    D.continental glacier
    D.continental glacier
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which is a common offshore deposit?
    A.a sea arch
    B.a headland
    C.a wave train
    D.a sandbar
    D.a sandbar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. What is a jagged ridge that forms in a mountain?

    A.arˆte
    B.hanging valley
    C.cirque
    D.horn
    A.arˆte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What is a sharp, pyramid-shaped peak that forms on a mountain?
    A.arˆte
    B.hanging valley
    C.cirque
    D.horn
    D.horn
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which of the following smooths the landscape and can flatten mountains?
    A.rock fall
    B.alpine glaciers
    C.ocean waves
    D.continental glaciers
    D.continental glaciers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of the following is caused by wave deposits?

    A.sea arches
    B.sand dunes
    C.sea stacks
    D.sandbars
    D.sandbars
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. When the ice is gone, hanging valleys may form

    A.rock falls.
    B.till.
    C.deserts.
    D.waterfalls.
    D.waterfalls.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. What do waves make when they break rock into smaller pieces?
    A.rocks
    B.boulders
    C.sand
    D.shells
    C.sand
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. What is the steep side of a dune called?

    A.slip
    B.saltation
    C.slip face
    D.slope
    C.slip face
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. What is the force that moves glaciers?

    A.gravity
    B.wind
    C.energy
    D.ice
    A.gravity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. What are two kinds of glaciers?
    A.continental and alpine
    B.till and stratified drift
    C.valley and mountain
    D.moraine and continental
    A.continental and alpine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What is the movement of material downslope?
    A.rock fall
    B.mass movement
    C.angle of repose
    D.landslide
    B.mass movement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. A depression that usually fills with water to form lakes or ponds.
    A.kettle
    B.outwash plain
    C.glacier
    D.moraine
    A.kettle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which occurs most frequently?
    A.mudflow
    B.rock fall
    C.landslide
    D.creep
    D.creep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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