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Most common side effect of antiarrhythmic drugs?
How are antiarrhythmic drugs classified?
According to their mechanism of action
- Class I: sodium channel blockers
- Class II: beta blockers
- Class III: drugs that prolong repolarization
- Class IV: calcium channel blockers
Chronic condition in which the heard is unable to pump a sufficient quantity of blood to meet the needs of peripheral tissues. Fluid accumulates in lungs and periphery because heart can't maintain proper circulation.
Congestive Heart Failure
Which group of drugs was 1st to increase the lifespan of patients with congestive heart failure?
ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme)
Main side effect of drugs that decrease clotting?
Break down and dissolve a clot that has already formed
Controls function and synthesis of clotting factors and prevent clotting in the venous system
Inhibit function of platelets (keep them from getting sticky)
Time constraint for administering a thrombolytic?
Must be administered within 12 hours of onset of symptoms.
How to stop long term steroid therapy?
Symptoms of hypothyroidism?
- weight gain
- cold intolerance
- dry coarse skin
- facial edema
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism?
- weight loss
- increased appetite
- heat intolerance
- muscle wasting
Vitamin D helps the body absorb
What does GERD stand for?
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
IDDM stands for what? give another name.
- Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
- Type I diabetes
Is Type I or Type II diabetes more common?
Type II - 90% of diabetes cases
Can insulin be absorbed in the stomach?
Main side effect of insulin
- Initially- headache, fatigue, hunger, tachycardia, sweating, anxiety, and confusion.
- Severe- loss of consciousness, convulsion, death
2 things to treat hypoglycemia
- Glucose tablet/liquid
- Coke or OJ
- Follow sugar with carbs to keep sugar elevated
Which vitamin decreases effectiveness of Warfarin?
- Vitamin K
- found in leafy greens and liver
Main reason we don't like to use glucocorticoids in children?
Slows their growth
Glucocorticoid catabolic effect on ligaments and muscles?