world history 1

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world history 1
2010-12-13 19:49:25
final exam review study guide

final exam review study guide
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  1. zoroastrianism, like christianity, taught that ______ and _____ were real.
    angels, satan
  2. Zheng He showed led ____ _______ expeditions for China
    seven overseas
  3. _______ ___ _______ discovere a new route from Portugal to India.
    Vasco da Gama
  4. Traditional African beliefs blended with _________ and _____.
    Christianity, Islam
  5. The Zhou dynasty claimed it ruled China due to the _________ __ ________ .
    Mandate of Heaven
  6. The Tokugawa __________ isolated ______ form the rest of the world.
    Shogunate, Japan
  7. The Romans left a legacy of ________, ________, _____, and __________.
    architecture, engineering, law, language
  8. The Roman Senate was a select group of ___ patricians who ruled for life.
  9. The Roman Empire delclined because of ________,_______________________, _______________, and __________.
    inflation, huge amounts of money spent on defense, invasions by Germans, and disruption of trade.
  10. The Renaissance began in northern Italy due to well _________ citizens, cultural diffusion through _____, and the location near the heart of the former ________ Empire.
    educated, trade, Roman
  11. The printing press caused _____ to be written in many languages and many subjects, spread Renaissance ____ through Europe, and increased _________ rates.
    books, ideas, literacy
  12. The __________ were excellent and able seafarers on the ____________ Sea.
    Phonecians, Mediterranean
  13. The _____ _________ "Roman Peace" began shortly after _________ _______ began to reign.
    Pax Romana, Augustus Caesar
  14. The official religion of the _________ Empire was Eastern Orthodox _________.
    Byzantine, Christianity
  15. The ________ consider the Jews and Christians to be "people of the book."
  16. The _________ expansion caused expansion of trade between _________ ___ ____, because the Mongols guaranteed safe passage for trade caravans.
    Mongol, Europe and Asia,
  17. The _______ developed an accurate solar calendar so they could hold religious ceremonies at the correct moment.
  18. The manor economy was based on _______ and ____-_________.
    farming, self sufficiency
  19. The main source of information about ______ of Nazareth is the Gospels in the _______.
    Jesus, Bible
  20. The _________ ______ preserved Roman law.
    Justinian Code
  21. The ____ system of government was similar to ________.
    Inca, socialism
  22. The Humanist included _______, _____, and ________.
    Erasmus, Dante, and Petrarch
  23. The ________ age of India took place during the rule of the _______.
    golden, Guptas
  24. The first great trading state in _______ ________ was Ghana.
    West Africa
  25. The first 5 books if the Hebrew Bible are known as the ______.
  26. The ________________ and the _______________ __________ led to a new belief in Progress. People were more willing to challenge the ______, and individuals became important.
    Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution. Church
  27. The ________ orthodox and _________ Catholic church split over who was going to be the leader of the church in the east, the ____ in Rome or the _______ of Constantinople.
    Eastern, Roman, Pope, Patriarch
  28. The decline of the _______ Empire was caused by _____, after the death of Ashoka left a power ______.
    Mauryan, invasion, vacuum
  29. The ___________ of __________ stated the Enlightenment ideals of rights to life and libery.
    Declaration of Independence
  30. The ________ began centuries of mistrust between ________ and _______.
    crusades, Christians and Muslims
  31. The _________-_______ included the Jesuits and the Council of _____.
    Counter-Reformation, Trent
  32. The ________ _______ moved plants and animals between the Americas and Europe.
    Columbian Exchange
  33. The city-state (polis) was an important development in _______.
  34. The church had great power in the ________ _______ because it controlled who could achieve salvation.
    Middle Agess
  35. The Catholic Church started the _________-____________ to redefine and clarify its ________, clean up _____ and ________, and reestablish it predominance in ________.
    Counter-Reformation, teachings, abuses and corruption, religion.
  36. The _________ Empire preserved the cultural heritage of ______.
    Byzantine, Rome
  37. The ______ migrated because they needed more _____ for population growth.
    Bantu, land
  38. The ____ were ruled by elite military ______, were very ________, practiced _________ sacrifices, and had trade links with other _______________ groups.
    Aztec, religious, Mesoamerican
  39. The ________ was an invention that could help determine location on a ______ night.
    Astrolabe, starry
  40. _______ and _______ Muslims split over whether or not the Islamic leader had to be a _______ of Muhammad.
    Sunni and Shiite, descendant
  41. Study of Classical_____ caused Humanists to focus on _______ potential and achievements.
    texts, human,
  42. ________, ______, and ____ ______ spread to Europe duting the Crusades.
    Spices, silks, new ideas,
  43. ________, ______, and ______ were all important Greek philosophers.
    Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle
  44. Siddhartha Gautama was the founder of _________.
  45. ____ _____ _________ unified China, partly by creating a single moetary system and ordering the building of a road system.
    Qin Shi Huangdi
  46. Population growth led to urbanization in _____, a large peasant class in ______, and development of more productive ____.
    Japan, China, rice
  47. Pope Gregory ___ and Henry ___ of Germany fought over the right to appoint ______.
    VII, IV, bishops
  48. _______ and _______ empires both based their government on _______ traditions.
    Ottoman and Safavid, Muslim
  49. One reason the _____ and ______ fell to the Spanish was that they lacked _______ ________ to European diseases.
    Inca and Aztecs, natural immunity
  50. Niccolo Machiavelli wrote ________.
    The Prince
  51. _______ trade was extensive.
  52. Movement of people across _________ resulted in exchange of ideas.
  53. Michelangelo painted the ______ Chapel and sculpted both _____ and The ____.
    Sistine, David, Pieta
  54. ___________'s geography left them open to attack, natural disasters, and caused them to believe in unfriendly gods.
  55. ______ ______ started the Reformation because he oppose the sale of indulgences; wanted the Bible printed in local languages; and believed people should pray to ____ without help form _____.
    Martin Luther, God, priest
  56. _______ _____ influenced _______ ______ MOST in the idea that Man cannot earn a place in _____.
    Martin Luther, John Calvin, Heaven
  57. ________ ______ made a _____ (pilgrimage) that resulted in diplomatic and trade ties between Mali and other Muslim states.
    Mansa Musa, hajj
  58. _____'s first great leader was _______.
    Mali, Sundiata
  59. Local lords exercised great power under ________.
  60. ______ __ _______ is an ideal "Renaissance Man"; he painted, sculpted, invented, and was a scientist.
    Leonardo Da Vinci
  61. _____ in Russia was strongly influenced by the ________ Empire's culture.
    Keiv, Byzantine
  62. ________ was a famous and succesful ruler of the ___ ______ in China.
    Kangxi, Qing Dynasty,
  63. ________ Kepler backed up Copernicus' theory using mathematics.
  64. _______ said his mission was to bring spiritual salvation to believers.
  65. James _____ sailed to the ______.
    Cook, Pacific
  66. Ivan III used the title _____meaning "Caesar."
  67. Islam expanded into _____, ______, and _______ by A.D. 1200.
    Arabia, Africa, and Europe
  68. ____ _____ was a scholar whotravelled around the Islamic world and wrote about his journeys.
    Ibn battuta
  69. His wife _______ advised Justiian to allow women more rights.
  70. ________ and ______ ______ are two ancient Indian developments that are still part of India's culture today.
    Hinduism and the caste system
  71. ______ VIII became a protestant and took over the ________ in ________ because he wanted both political and religious authority in ________.
    Henry, Church in England, England
  72. ______ culture contributed to society in geometry, realistic sculpture, and math(estimated value of pi).
  73. ___________ of Babylon is known for his 282-law code.
  74. ____ and ______ religion were polytheistic, with many stories about gods with human traits.
    Greek and Roman
  75. ______ had a direct democracy, where every citizen vote on every issue, while Rome had a republic that elected representatives to make decisions.
  76. _____ often traded _____ for _____ to preserve food.
    Ghana, gold, salt
  77. Enlightenment thinkers included ________, _______, ______ and ________.
    Voltaire, Locke, Hobbes, and Rousseau
  78. _________ stengthened the ________ of England and the stopped religious was in her country.
    Elizabeth I, church
  79. _________ viewed their pharaohs as _____.
    Egyptians , gods
  80. __________ and _________ conflicted with the Catholic Church over the issue of whether the earth was the center of the _______.
    Copernicus and Galilieo, Universe
  81. _______________ was an important center for trade because it was located directly between _______ and ________.
    Constantinople, Asia and Europe
  82. _________ taught the Chinese that the most important duty was respect for their _______.
    Confucius, parents
  83. _________________ led to an examination system for government jobs, taught subordination to ___ family members, and spread to Southeast Asia, Japan, and Korea.
    Confucianism, male
  84. ________ spread through the ________ Empire because it embraced all people, ____ promised eternal life, and the empire had good roads.
    Christianity, Roman, Jesus
  85. ____________ was mostly responsible for the feudal system of medieval _______.
    Charlemagne, Europe
  86. __________ spread across _____, mostly as a result of trade.
    Buddhism, Asia
  87. _______ was the founder of the _______ Empire.
    Babur, Mughal
  88. _____'s orders supported religious toleration.
  89. An effect of increasing trade in _______ ______was the growth of towns and cities.
  90. _________ the _______ spread Greek culture far into Asia.
    Alexander the Great
  91. _______ promoted harmony through religious tolerance in ______ ________.
    Akbar, Mughal India
  92. According to ____, Muhammad is a prophet of _______.
    Islam, Allah
  93. ______ is considered the father of the world's three monotheistic ________.
    Abraham, religions