world history 1
Card Set Information
world history 1
final exam review study guide
final exam review study guide
zoroastrianism, like christianity, taught that ______ and _____ were real.
Zheng He showed led ____ _______ expeditions for China
_______ ___ _______ discovere a new route from Portugal to India.
Vasco da Gama
Traditional African beliefs blended with _________ and _____.
The Zhou dynasty claimed it ruled China due to the _________ __ ________ .
Mandate of Heaven
The Tokugawa __________ isolated ______ form the rest of the world.
The Romans left a legacy of ________, ________, _____, and __________.
architecture, engineering, law, language
The Roman Senate was a select group of ___ patricians who ruled for life.
The Roman Empire delclined because of ________,_______________________, _______________, and __________.
inflation, huge amounts of money spent on defense, invasions by Germans, and disruption of trade.
The Renaissance began in northern Italy due to well _________ citizens, cultural diffusion through _____, and the location near the heart of the former ________ Empire.
educated, trade, Roman
The printing press caused _____ to be written in many languages and many subjects, spread Renaissance ____ through Europe, and increased _________ rates.
books, ideas, literacy
The __________ were excellent and able seafarers on the ____________ Sea.
The _____ _________ "Roman Peace" began shortly after _________ _______ began to reign.
Pax Romana, Augustus Caesar
The official religion of the _________ Empire was Eastern Orthodox _________.
The ________ consider the Jews and Christians to be "people of the book."
The _________ expansion caused expansion of trade between _________ ___ ____, because the Mongols guaranteed safe passage for trade caravans.
Mongol, Europe and Asia,
The _______ developed an accurate solar calendar so they could hold religious ceremonies at the correct moment.
The manor economy was based on _______ and ____-_________.
farming, self sufficiency
The main source of information about ______ of Nazareth is the Gospels in the _______.
The _________ ______ preserved Roman law.
The ____ system of government was similar to ________.
The Humanist included _______, _____, and ________.
Erasmus, Dante, and Petrarch
The ________ age of India took place during the rule of the _______.
The first great trading state in _______ ________ was Ghana.
The first 5 books if the Hebrew Bible are known as the ______.
The ________________ and the _______________ __________ led to a new belief in Progress. People were more willing to challenge the ______, and individuals became important.
Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution. Church
The ________ orthodox and _________ Catholic church split over who was going to be the leader of the church in the east, the ____ in Rome or the _______ of Constantinople.
Eastern, Roman, Pope, Patriarch
The decline of the _______ Empire was caused by _____, after the death of Ashoka left a power ______.
Mauryan, invasion, vacuum
The ___________ of __________ stated the Enlightenment ideals of rights to life and libery.
Declaration of Independence
The ________ began centuries of mistrust between ________ and _______.
crusades, Christians and Muslims
The _________-_______ included the Jesuits and the Council of _____.
The ________ _______ moved plants and animals between the Americas and Europe.
The city-state (polis) was an important development in _______.
The church had great power in the ________ _______ because it controlled who could achieve salvation.
The Catholic Church started the _________-____________ to redefine and clarify its ________, clean up _____ and ________, and reestablish it predominance in ________.
Counter-Reformation, teachings, abuses and corruption, religion.
The _________ Empire preserved the cultural heritage of ______.
The ______ migrated because they needed more _____ for population growth.
The ____ were ruled by elite military ______, were very ________, practiced _________ sacrifices, and had trade links with other _______________ groups.
Aztec, religious, Mesoamerican
The ________ was an invention that could help determine location on a ______ night.
_______ and _______ Muslims split over whether or not the Islamic leader had to be a _______ of Muhammad.
Sunni and Shiite, descendant
Study of Classical_____ caused Humanists to focus on _______ potential and achievements.
________, ______, and ____ ______ spread to Europe duting the Crusades.
Spices, silks, new ideas,
________, ______, and ______ were all important Greek philosophers.
Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle
Siddhartha Gautama was the founder of _________.
____ _____ _________ unified China, partly by creating a single moetary system and ordering the building of a road system.
Qin Shi Huangdi
Population growth led to urbanization in _____, a large peasant class in ______, and development of more productive ____.
Japan, China, rice
Pope Gregory ___ and Henry ___ of Germany fought over the right to appoint ______.
VII, IV, bishops
_______ and _______ empires both based their government on _______ traditions.
Ottoman and Safavid, Muslim
One reason the _____ and ______ fell to the Spanish was that they lacked _______ ________ to European diseases.
Inca and Aztecs, natural immunity
Niccolo Machiavelli wrote ________.
_______ trade was extensive.
Movement of people across _________ resulted in exchange of ideas.
Michelangelo painted the ______ Chapel and sculpted both _____ and The ____.
Sistine, David, Pieta
___________'s geography left them open to attack, natural disasters, and caused them to believe in unfriendly gods.
______ ______ started the Reformation because he oppose the sale of indulgences; wanted the Bible printed in local languages; and believed people should pray to ____ without help form _____.
Martin Luther, God, priest
_______ _____ influenced _______ ______ MOST in the idea that Man cannot earn a place in _____.
Martin Luther, John Calvin, Heaven
________ ______ made a _____ (pilgrimage) that resulted in diplomatic and trade ties between Mali and other Muslim states.
Mansa Musa, hajj
_____'s first great leader was _______.
Local lords exercised great power under ________.
______ __ _______ is an ideal "Renaissance Man"; he painted, sculpted, invented, and was a scientist.
Leonardo Da Vinci
_____ in Russia was strongly influenced by the ________ Empire's culture.
________ was a famous and succesful ruler of the ___ ______ in China.
Kangxi, Qing Dynasty,
________ Kepler backed up Copernicus' theory using mathematics.
_______ said his mission was to bring spiritual salvation to believers.
James _____ sailed to the ______.
Ivan III used the title _____meaning "Caesar."
Islam expanded into _____, ______, and _______ by A.D. 1200.
Arabia, Africa, and Europe
____ _____ was a scholar whotravelled around the Islamic world and wrote about his journeys.
His wife _______ advised Justiian to allow women more rights.
________ and ______ ______ are two ancient Indian developments that are still part of India's culture today.
Hinduism and the caste system
______ VIII became a protestant and took over the ________ in ________ because he wanted both political and religious authority in ________.
Henry, Church in England, England
______ culture contributed to society in geometry, realistic sculpture, and math(estimated value of pi).
___________ of Babylon is known for his 282-law code.
____ and ______ religion were polytheistic, with many stories about gods with human traits.
Greek and Roman
______ had a direct democracy, where every citizen vote on every issue, while Rome had a republic that elected representatives to make decisions.
_____ often traded _____ for _____ to preserve food.
Ghana, gold, salt
Enlightenment thinkers included ________, _______, ______ and ________.
Voltaire, Locke, Hobbes, and Rousseau
_________ stengthened the ________ of England and the stopped religious was in her country.
Elizabeth I, church
_________ viewed their pharaohs as _____.
Egyptians , gods
__________ and _________ conflicted with the Catholic Church over the issue of whether the earth was the center of the _______.
Copernicus and Galilieo, Universe
_______________ was an important center for trade because it was located directly between _______ and ________.
Constantinople, Asia and Europe
_________ taught the Chinese that the most important duty was respect for their _______.
_________________ led to an examination system for government jobs, taught subordination to ___ family members, and spread to Southeast Asia, Japan, and Korea.
________ spread through the ________ Empire because it embraced all people, ____ promised eternal life, and the empire had good roads.
Christianity, Roman, Jesus
____________ was mostly responsible for the feudal system of medieval _______.
__________ spread across _____, mostly as a result of trade.
_______ was the founder of the _______ Empire.
_____'s orders supported religious toleration.
An effect of increasing trade in _______ ______was the growth of towns and cities.
_________ the _______ spread Greek culture far into Asia.
Alexander the Great
_______ promoted harmony through religious tolerance in ______ ________.
Akbar, Mughal India
According to ____, Muhammad is a prophet of _______.
______ is considered the father of the world's three monotheistic ________.