When drawing blood from a horse which is the most appropriate needle size
18 gauge 1 1/2
When holding a horse for an examination on which side should you stand
the same side as the vet
Why is it important to note the drug used on a cbc or blood chemistry data
It changes the blood glucose levels
The name of the vein used in our birds found coursing over the medial aspect of the elbow is the
The anticoagulant of choice for our bird lab was EDTA
What structure do you want to avoid hitting when you are performing a venipuncture on the left side of the horses neck
The normal absolute white cell count range on a horse would be expected to be approximately
The expected normal body temperature range of the chicken would be
TRUE/FALSE: we needed to always be concerned about only hypothermia developing in out chickens while they are sedated with ketamin
TRUE/FALSE: when assessing lymph nodes in the horse the ones that are the most easily palable are the pre-scapulars
what is the name of the lymphoid tissue in the bird and where is it found
bursa of fabricius
in the cloaca
When we used hematocrit tubes in the chicken lab why did we not use the hepranized tubes
we hepranized the needles and using hepranized tubes would make too much heprin in the blood
When would a vet use scotch hobbles?
A kicking mare for breeding season
Why would the difference Rompuns strengths when sedating animals like cattle
if we make a calculation using the 20mg/mL we dont want to use the 100mg/mL and vice versa
While on xylazine what effect on the horses heart would you expect this drug to have? And what effect on the skin would it have?
Bradycardia and sweating
which drug can cause paraphimosis and therefore should be used with caution in the stallion?
TRUE/FALSE: The manufacturers recommended reversal for dexdomitor is antisedan
What is the name of the teeth found in males and rarely found in females
TRUE/FALSE: when sedating the horse for a short surgical procedure it is important to give ketamine before giving the xylazine
Apneustic breathing would be seen with
we would place a helmet on the horses head during field induction to prevent damage to what structure
the facial nerve
TRUE/FALSE: When horses teeth are filed by the vet the correct term for this is floating teeth
Routine sheath cleaning is most commonly done with what animal
which drug would be responsible for causing an increase in urine production in an animal immediately following recovery
explain cowboy suturing when placing an iv catheter in the horse
catheter, tape, suture line, 16 gauge needle
Without exposing the catheter to much place tap back to back on the nub (Sticky side to sticky side) Once inside the vein take the needle and puncture through both the tale and the skin. Thread the suture line through the hub first. Remove the needle and tie.
What is the direction for wrapping standard leg wrap
start cranial/dorsal. Lateral to medial
What is the purpose of wrapping the standard wrap in such a fashion?
to protect the tendons from strain
What is the name of the instrument that you sometimes use that helps you to better visualize the epiglottis and glottic cleft.
what is the monitoring device you can use that will allow you to assess the heart and even the respiration during an anesthetic procedure
What letter in the alphabet best represents the size of the small oxygen tank that we can put on an anesthesia machine?
what are the two individual drugs that you have used in the dog that are the comparable combination to telazol
What does the pulse oximeter measure in the animal
heart rate and oxygen saturation in hemoglobin
what is the blood pressure monitor called that only gives one reading
doppler blood pressure machine
When the dynamap gives you a diastolic reading what is specifically happening in the heart?
Left ventricle is relaxing
When the dynamap gives you a systolic reading what is specifically happening in the heart?
Left ventricle is contracting
What pain mediation is given to the cat that gives 8 plus hours of pain management?
In cats where are you supposed to give a FeLV vaccine
The left rear leg as distal as possible
In cats where are you to give the rabies vaccine
The right rear leg as distal as possible
TRUE/FALSE: one of the vaccines that is given to cats at CMC routinely as part of the check-in procedure is the intranasal vaccine for FIP
Where is the Felocell CVR-C given in cats
between the shoulder blades
TRUE/FALSE: one advantage of using telazol instead of ket/val to induce a dog is that induction can happen with the use of a much decreased overall amount of volume of anesthetic drug
TRUE/FALSE: when drawing for a blood sample from a rat your first choice of vein should be the cephalic vein
Why do you think ketamine is now a controlled drug?
Humans can not use and abuse it
What special cautions must you take with controlled drugs
Lock it up, log it correctly in the dea log and dispose of it correcty
Name two other species that ketamine can be used on
Dogs and Cats
What can happen in an animal that inadvertently receives the IM dose intraenously
Serious overdose and death
Why should one think about taking special care when working around the hind legs of a horse under the effects of Xylazine
because they put all their weight on the front
Which drug should not be used on an animal that is undergoing testing for blood glucose levels and why
reduces insulin secretion and transient hyperglycemia
What drug causes profound bradycardia and what drug causes tachycardia
How do you know that the effect of the rompun is beginning to wear off in your horses.
More alert and less ataxic
What category is medetomodine and rompun in?
Alpha 2 agonists
what is the reversal agent of rompun
What effects do you expect to see in an animal with xylazine or medetomidine
bradycardia sweating respiratory effects vomiting reduction of insulin secretion
What is TKX
What is another use for butorphanol
reversing or opiod drugs or antitussive
do you think it could be challenging to pass an endotracheal tube in a pig and why
yes, limit of visibility and can't really open the mouth. The tongue is in the way.
why is it important to give rompun first before ketamine
Do we need to place ointment in the horses eyes?
No they blink on their own
What is apneustic breathing?
Breathing normally and then not breathing.
what structure is important to avoid hitting with your needle n the cranial left quadrant of the abdomen when giving an IP injection
Where is a good location for giving an IM injection to a rabbit
What is the trade name for medetomidine?
What is the trade name for detomidine
What does a capnograph measure
How long can an indwelling catheter remain in a dog or cat
what is the difference between an indwelling catheter and a jugular catheter
Indwelling=needle is over the catheter
jugular=needle is through the catheter
Why is it important to consider post-procedural analgesia needs before antisedan is given.
antisedan is the reversal and not only wakes them up but also takes away the pain
Why is it important to fast the dog or cat before each surgery
How do you convert Centigrade to fahrenhiet
Why is it important to run hepranized saline through the tubing of a catheter
get rid of bubbles and to keep it from clotting
Why is it important to know exactly where you gave an injection
in case an abscess occurs or an allergic reaction you know which one caused it