OT Curtis Final v4.txt

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OT Curtis Final v4.txt
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  1. What material (books or parts of books) is included in the OT wisdom literature?
    Proverbs, Ecclesiates, Job, certain psalms, song of songs
  2. According to Curtis the Law & Prophets are vertical revelation while the Wisdom Literature is *********** revelation.
    Horizontal
  3. Know the basic story &the major characters
    (Job, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, &Elihu)
  4. What is the only OT book whose setting &characters are non-Isaraelite?
    Job
  5. What is meant by the doctrine of retribution?
    reap what you sow. sin is punished & righteousness rewarded
  6. Be aware of at least four reasons for suffering recognized in the book of Job.
    1)ppl suffer for their sins 2)ppl suffer cuz other's sin 3) means of refining character 4)to further God's purpose
  7. What is the “solution” that brings resolution to Job? understanding why we suffer is not the key. the fear of the LORD is wisdom, Yahweh is good &just when circumstances seem to prove the opposite
  8. What is meant by the question of “disinterested piety”? Does Job fear God for nothing? -- Suffering happened in order to show Satan that disinterested piety does exist; that there are people who will serve God because of who He is rather than for what they get in return for serving God.
  9. This participant in the book of Job enters the debate late &promises far more than he is able to deliver. Elihu
  10. What does Job 1:9 suggest about the purpose of the Book of Job? Disinterested piety exists!
  11. What conclusion did your professor reach about the significance of the interrupted third cycle of speeches in the debate between Job &his friends? the friends have been silenced, they say no more b/c they have nothing more to say
  12. What contribution does Job 28:28 make to the question of how to respond to suffering? "Behold, the fear of the LORD that is wisdom, &to turn away from evil is understanding
  13. The desire for a mediator &the idea that perhaps a person might be vindicated after death are suggested in this book though without really contributing to a solution to the problem raised by the events presented in the book. Job
  14. Since much of what Job’s friends said was true what was their basic mistake in their attempts to comfort Job? Unwise application of doctrine: their mistake lay in their incorrect application of doctrine to Job. They then made bad matters worse by insisting that Job's situation could not be an exception
  15. How does Job begin his discussion to his friends in Job 3? How do you think this influenced the direction of the debate that follows? -you misunderstood the meaning of my cries -you didn't give me kindness
  16. What is the basic characteristic of Hebrew poetry? Parallelism (idea in one line, then repeats or further develops the idea in the second line); types are synonymous, antithetic, and synthetic
  17. What three purposes for the book of Psalms are suggested by the various titles given to the book? praises, songs (psalms), prayers
  18. A _________________ is a cry to God for deliverance in a time of distress Laments
    • ________________ psalms call for God to bring judgment on the psalmist’s/God/s enemies. Imprecatory psalms
    • ________________ psalms focus on the confession of sin. Penitential psalms
  19. Know the basic definition of the other types of psalms as mentioned in the course pack &the suggestion made there as to how they might have been used. Thanksgiving hymn (used with thanksgiving offerings as a response to God when a prayer was answered), salvation history psalms (review history of Israel in order to show how obedience insures blessing while disobedience brings judgment-- used in settings where there was a need to call the people to renew their vows to obey God's covenant), Hymns of praise, wisdom psalms (didactic purpose-- teaching)
  20. This psalm was written by David in the aftermath of his being confronted by Nathan because of David’s sin with Bathsheba &Uriah. Psalm 51
  21. Know the five messianic themes from Psalms identified by Kirkpatrick. 1. the Royal Messiah: the messianic king would fulfill God's promise to
    David and establish a universal rule characterized by peace and prosperity. 2. the suffering Messiah: Struggles of righteous people who suffered and were persecuted because of their commitment to do God's will 3. The Son of Man (Ps 8, 16, 40): representative of man triumphed with perfect fellowship with God, complete obedience 4. the coming of God: God would come to judge the wicked & reward His ppl 5. The nations-- the universal divine kingdom (related to God's promise to bless the nations thru Abraham)
  22. What type of psalm is Psalm 1? is a wisdom psalm. know what it teaches as the key to prospering in everything a person does.
  23. This psalm gives instruction about how to respond to injustice. Psalm 37
  24. What three responses to injustice found in Ps 37 were noted in our classroom discussion of the first few verses of the psalm? don't fret, don't be envious, refrain from anger
  25. What teaching does Psalm 73 have in common with the book of Job in terms of responses to suffering that transform? trust that God is good
    According to the course pack what time period is covered by the psalms in the book of Psalms? Moses(P 90) until after the exile (P 126)-- 1000 years
  26. What kind of psalm is Ps. 78? Based on the verses of the psalm that we looked at in class what is the purpose of these salvation history psalms? Psalm 78-salvation history: review Israel's history & renew their vows to obey God's covenant
  27. What kind of psalm is Ps. 107? What does the psalm demonstrate about the importance of giving public testimony about God’s deliverance? Salvation history/thanksgiving
  28. What is wisdom as seen by the Old Testament? -skill in living accord. to Yahweh's order -search for the order that God created
  29. Note the importance of Prov. 1:7. Why is it such a central principle in the book? "the fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge
  30. Know the basic characteristics of the sluggard as noted in class procrastination
  31. Know the basic difference between the wise person &the foolish person as noted in class. teachable, has discretion
  32. Know what a proverb is. general truth rather than an invariable law or promise; an individual proverb captures a tiny cross section of truth rather than providing a comprehensive teaching on a topic
  33. Note where the pursuit of wisdom leads according to Prov. 2:1-5. protect from a variety of dangers including evil men & wicked woman & keep a person flourishing on good & righteous paths
  34. Know the three contributors to the book who are mentioned by name. Solomon, Agur, Lemuel
  35. Know where the acrostic poem describing the excellent woman is found. Proverbs 31:10-31
    Ecclesiastes
  36. This book emphasizes the uncertainties &inequities of life. Ecclesiastes
  37. What does Ecclesiastes present as the key to living in this fallen world? Be realistic/trust God in the midst of realities of life in a fallen world/live wisely & be diligent/live in the light of death & eternity/Enjoy/Recognize God's sovereignty/ Fear God & keep his comm&ments
    In which biblical book would you find Qoheleth? Ecclesiastes (Qohelet: one who convenes an assembly of some kind)
  38. How does Ecclesiastes provide a balance to the material that dominates Proverbs? Does Ecclesiastes discourage the use of proverbs &wisdom in living life? Even as this book makes it clear that there are few guarantees in life in a fallen world, it contains many proverbs that make it clear that wise living is important
  39. How does Ecclesiastes affirm the importance of living by faith? by faith, not by sight. Apart from faith, there are no certain answers;only ambiguity & uncertainty
  40. This book frequently exhorts the reader to “enjoy life.” Ecclesiastes
  41. This book is characterized by an emphasis on the vanity of things in this world. Ecclesiastes
  42. This book looks for a way to live that will generate a “profit” or “advantage,” &presumably one that death cannot rob us of. Ecclesiastes
  43. Be familiar with both the “two major character” &the “three major character” interpretation of Song of Songs. 2 character(Solomon,Shulamite) / 3 character (Solomon, Shulamite, the man she loved "shepherd") - read page 39-40 in coursepak
  44. What did Curtis suggest about solving the problem of seeing Solomon (with his seven hundred wives &three hundred concubines [1 Kings 11:3]) as a role model for an ideal relationship between a man &a woman in marriage? See this as an ideal relationship that Solomon in his wisdom realized was possible, but one that he never personally experienced b/c he refused to obey God's wisdom in such matters; (other less-preferred possibilities: Suppose that Solomon's other marriages were for political alliances, not out of true love. Or The girl died and Solomon tried to feel the gap thru many marriages)
    • Be familiar with Solomon, Shulamite, & the daughters of Jerusalem.
    • Curtis suggests that this book is a commentary of sorts on Genesis 2:24 & that it further describes the “one flesh” relationship mentioned in Genesis. Song of Songs
  45. What is meant by the “Day of the Lord” in prophetic literature? when the Lord will come to punish sin and deliver his faithful people
  46. Know the six major themes of Isaiah’s preaching. (1) the holiness of God (2) sovereignty of God (3) the Messiah (4) the remnant: the core of
    the faithful who would form the nucleus of a restored Israel (5) new Zion and the future Messianic kingdom (6) the need for faith or trust
  47. In which chapter of Isaiah would you find the account of God calling Isaiah to be a prophet? Ch 6
  48. In which chapter of Isaiah would you find the Immanuel passage applied by Matthew to the birth of Jesus? Isaiah 7-9
  49. In which chapter of Isaiah would you find the oracle against the king of Babylon described in terms often thought to be indicative of the fall of Satan? Isaiah 14
  50. This prophet is characterized by the use of the term “the Holy One of Israel.” Isaiah
  51. Know the difference in focus between chapters 1-39 & 40-66. 1-39: God's judgment on the sin of the nations and especially Judah / 40-66: hope and God's deliverance of hispeople from Exile
  52. This prophet, almost two hundred years before the event, predicted by name Cyrus, the Persian king who allowed the Jews to return from their exile in Babylon. Isaiah
  53. What are the “Servant Songs” of Isaiah? Where would you find them in the book? ch 49-57; king, prophet, and the people of Judah are called the servant of the Lord at various points in the book. (people and kings are not good servants). A good servant obeys the Lord, brings justice, experience suffering, restore nations
  54. Be familiar with Ahaz, Hezekiah, Merodach-baladan, Cyrus, &701 BC as discussed in the course pack. Read p 41-43.
  55. What Gentile nation did God use to judge: (a) the Northern Kingdom of Israel; (b) the Southern Kingdom of Judah? (a) Assyria (b) Babylon
  56. 3. Where in the Old Testament would you find the words, “The righteous person will live by his faith?” What is the meaning of the verse in its Old Testament context?Habakkuk;
    • 4. How does the book of Habakkuk illustrate what it means to live by faith?a willingness to depend completely upon him. "The righteous will live by his faith"
    • ZEPHANIAH:
    • 1. What is the theme of the book of Zephaniah?Day of the Lord. punish sin &secure justice. both local & historical
    • 2. Why is it likely that Zephaniah was written before 612 B.C.?predicts the destruction of Nineveh
    • 3. This prophet was probably a member of the royal family of Judah. He prophesied during the reign of Josiah &was a contemporary of Jeremiah.Zephaniah
    • HAGGAI:
    • 1. What was the major emphasis of Haggai’s ministry?rebuilding the temple
    • 2. Why was Haggai’s ministry needed?delay in temple building
    • 3. What significant event occurred in 515 B.C.?temple dedication
    • 4. This prophet accuses the people of having the wrong priorities.Haggai
    • 5. This prophet affirms that the obedience of faith is one of life’s highest priorities.Haggai
    • 6. Why did Haggai argue that the people never had enough to begin work on the temple?Priority problem.
    • 7. The message of this prophet &that of Prov 3:5-12 are very similar.Haggai: similar to Prov 3:5-12/obey&begin work then will bless with sufficient means & their own need
    • ZECHARIAH:
    • 1. This prophet’s contemporary was concerned about rebuilding the temple while this prophet was concerned about repentance, spiritual renewal &proper worship after the temple was rebuilt.Zechariah
    • 2. This prophet preached to a discouraged postexilic community in Judah &assured them that God’s promised had not failed, that they were heirs to those promised, &that they must be obedient to God’s instruction for those covenant blessings to be fully realized.Zechariah
    • 3. This book is famous for the “night visions” it contains.Zechariah
    • 4. This prophet foretold Messiah’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem on a donkey, the "striking of the Shepherd" on the cross, the mourning of Israel when they look on the One "whom they have pierced," &the Lord's dramatic return to the Mount of Olives, an event that changes even the topography of Israel.Zechariah
    • 5. Who was the political leader of the group that returned to Israel from Babylon? Who was the high priest?Zerubbabel/ Joshua
    • 6. Note three things that Zechariah predicted about the Messiah.1) his relationship w/ ppl of Israel 2)striking of the shepherd 3)mourning of Israel on the one who they have pierced 4) Lord's dramatic return to the Mt. of Olives
    • MALACHI:
    • 1. This prophet accused his generation of failing to obey God’s Law about divorce, of failing to give God the offerings he specified, &of giving God poor quality offerings they would never present to the governor.Malachi
    • 2. Where would you find the prediction that Elijah will come call the people to repentance before the coming of the Day of the Lord &the arrival of Messiah?Malachi
    • 3. This book takes the form of charges leveled by God against the people, followed by their denial of the charges &then God’s presentation of evidence to support the charges.Malachi

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