Stagecraft Final

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Anonymous
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55833
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Stagecraft Final
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2010-12-14 01:00:40
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stagecraft final
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  1. What size wrench is used to tighten the nut on a 3/8 x 3-1/2 carriage bolt?
    9/16
  2. To accurately describe the size of a bolt, use the bolts ___ and length.
    diameter
  3. As discussed in class, which of the following is hardward and not a fastener?
    • a. bolt
    • b. nail
    • c. drywall screw
    • d. hinge
  4. The nominal size of 2x4 is
    2x4
  5. The actual size of 1x3 is
    3/4 x 2 1/2
  6. There are 12 inches in a foot and, for scene shop purposes, __ parts to an inch.
    16
  7. What is a means of powering a woodworking tool?
    Air, Electricity, and Human
  8. What is the predecessor of the modern day nail?
    peg
  9. To accurately describe a staple, use the leg length and the ___
    crown
  10. Hammer
    Driving a nail
  11. Miter saw
    Cutting an angle in a piece of wood
  12. Cordless drill
    Making a hole in a piece of wood
  13. Stapler
    Attaching fabric to a chair
  14. Tape measure
    Determining how long a board is
  15. Table saw
    ripping lumber
  16. ear plugs
    Protecting your ears from loud noises
  17. framing square
    making a 90 angle at a joint
  18. diagonal cutter
    Cutting a piece of wire
  19. Utility knife
    Trimming musling off of a flat
  20. pipe clamp
    holding two wide boards together
  21. combination wrench
    tightening a nut on a bolt
  22. Jig saw
    Cutting curves in a piece of wood
  23. What are the two major categories of lumber?
    hardwood and softwood
  24. What is the best grade for plywood and lumber?
    A and 1
  25. Kerf
    describes the thickness of a saw blade
  26. The garnish that usually foes with a bolt includes a nut and at least one
    washer
  27. What is worn to protect the eyes when working in the scene shop.
    saftey glasses
  28. The two primary categories of tools are?
    handheld and power tools
  29. What type of glue is used to attach one piece of wood to another piece?
    Yellow
  30. Volt
    The unit og measurement of electrical potential
  31. Watt
    The unit of measurement for an amount of electrical energy consumed and given off as heat
  32. Electrical Current
    The flow of electrons through a conductor.
  33. Curvuit
    A confuctive path through which electricty flows
  34. Source
    Origin of the potential
  35. Load
    A device that converts energy into another form
  36. Amp
    The unit of measurement of electrical current
  37. Resistance
    Opposition to electron flow
  38. Using heat to connect one piece of steel to another is called what?
    welding
  39. Which of the following is a type of acrylic that comes in different forms such as clear or with a mirrored backing?
    Plexiglass
  40. Steel is often classified by how much of this contains:
    carbon
  41. 3D scereny is used to create this on stage
    levels
  42. A platform on wheels is called a
    wagon
  43. What is an example of 2D scenery?
    flat
  44. What are the types of wood joints?
    mitre, lap, butt
  45. Which knot is best used to tie a rope to a piece of pipe?
    clove hitch
  46. What is the best method for moving a piece of scenery vertically above the stage?
    flying
  47. 2D scenery with a frame is categorized as
    hard
  48. Which the production team members is responsibile for the construction of the set?
    Techinical Director
  49. What is a characteristic of a single purchase counterweight system?
    The arbor and the batten each carry the same amount of weight.
  50. Drop
    A large, painted canvas
  51. Fly
    Hang scenery from the rigging system
  52. Shift
    Change the position of the set
  53. Revolve
    Device used to rotate scenery
  54. Skid
    A platform on glides
  55. Grip
    Physically handle a piece of scenery
  56. Show Deck
    Platforms legged and bolted together for a specific show
  57. Power Formula
    W=VxA
  58. What ellipsodial has the shortest focal length?
    6x6
  59. What ellipsoidal has the longest focal length?
    6x16
  60. What ellopsoidal has the widest field angle?
    6x6
  61. What ellipsodial should have the longest throw distance?
    6x16
  62. Which of the following is not an accessory typically used with an ellipsoidal reflector spotlight?
    • A. gobo
    • B. Barn door
    • C. Iris
    • D. Color Frame
  63. What a the common use for a scoop?
    worklight
  64. What does not create a smooth and even wash of light on the stage?
    Beam projector
  65. What is used to dim the light source inside a followspot?
    Douser
  66. Color
    light, all color is derived from light
  67. Hue
    The quality that differentiates one color from another
  68. Saturation
    refers to the amount of a particular hue in a color mixture
  69. Value
    relative lightness or darkness of a color
  70. Tint
    a color with a high value
  71. Shade
    a color with a low value
  72. Tone
    a color of middle value
  73. Primary colors
    Those hues that cannot be derived or blended from any other hues.
  74. What are the primary colors?
    red, blue, and green
  75. Subtractive color
    colored filters allow one thier own hue to pass through the filitering medium, all other wavelengths are absorbed
  76. Additive color
    Two different colored lights projected onto a neutral surface are interpreted to be a combination of those two colors.
  77. Gel (lighting)
    made from natural gelatin and colored with synthetic dyes it faded quickly, was fragile when dry and disintegrated when wet
  78. Plastic Color Media (Lighting)
    made fom mylar or pilester in a variety of colors, a rugged, long-lasting, heat-resistant product that is the current standard for stage lighting instruments.
  79. Glass (lighting)
    longest lasting of all media types but color choices are limited. it is expensive, heavy and breaks easily. most common from primary colors.
  80. Dichroics
    relfects other colors rather than absorb.
  81. What does a projection require?
    A projector, an image, and a projection surface
  82. What are the two categories of projectors?
    Those without lenses and those with lenses.
  83. What is an example of a lensless projector?
    Linneback Projector
  84. What are the three types of lens projectors?
    Scenic, slide, and video
  85. What are the three parts of the scenic projector?
    Lamp housing, optical train, slide
  86. What are the two basic types of dimmers?
    Mechanical and Electronic
  87. What are the tree Mechanical dimmer systems?
    Saltwater, resistance, and autotransformer
  88. What are the two types of Electronic dimmers?
    Silicon Controlled rectifier dimmer (has no moving parts) and sine wave dimmer (newest)
  89. What are the four main categories of control consoles?
    group master, preset (set on cues), combination (part group master and preset), and computer memory
  90. Descirbe the Lighting System Electrical Flow
    Primary source enters the building > that servie branches out into different areas > from the dimmer rack, power then goes to the circuits around the stage > seperatae low voltage control signal runs between the control board and the dimmer rack > a lighitng instrucment is connected to the stage circuit and the control board tells the dimmer how bright to make the light.
  91. Black, white and green stand for what in cable color coding?
    hot, neutral, and ground
  92. The larger the number of the wire gauge, the __ of the wire.
    the smaller the diameter
  93. What is the most common cable in stage lighting?
    12 gauge, 3 conductor (12/3)
  94. What is the ampage of a 12 gauge cable?
    20 amps
  95. Plug
    the male connector
  96. Receptale
    the female connector
  97. What are the three types of cable connecting devices?
    twist lock, grounded pin, edison plug
  98. Feeder cable
    larger cable in individual pieces for supplying input to dimmer rack
  99. What are the four types of extension cables?
    multicable, fan out, two-fer, and adatper
  100. Circuiting
    the districution of electicity to all of the stage lighting positions in a theatre
  101. What are the four systems of distrubting circuits in a theater?
    permanent wiring, spidering, patch panel, and dimmer per circuit
  102. Name and describe the four types of patch panels
    • Connecting strip - has an 18" pigtail every 12-18" with a connector at the end.
    • drop boxes - small boxes containing 4 to 8 circuits ona larger cable that drops down from the grid to a pipe in the rigging stsmte
    • floor pockets are covered opening in the stage floor that contain 3 to 6 citcuits
    • wall pockets - are boxes of 3 to 6 circuits mounted in or on a side wall of the stage, sometimes with no cover
  103. Semiconductor
    is a material that is normally an insulator but can be modified to confuct electricity.
  104. What is an example of a semiconductor?
    Silicon
  105. Diode
    The simplest type of semiconductor, allowing current to flow in one direction but not the other.
  106. How do LEDS differ from incandescent blubs?
    They do not have a filement
  107. Focal Length
    Distance from the lens it takes the light converge into a single point.
  108. Name and describe the four types of lenses
    • Plano-convex lens - one flat face and once convex face; the greater the curature the shorter the focal length and the wider the beam
    • Double Plano-Convex lens
    • Step lens - same characteristics at the plano-convex lens but the flat side is cut away into layers
    • Fresnel lens - varation of the step lens except the glass is cut away from the convex side not the flat side
  109. Name the two types of lamps
    Incandescent and Tungsten-Halogen lamp
  110. What are the three parts of a lamp
    Filament, Envelope and base
  111. Arc Source
    An electric arc between two electrodes
  112. What is the output of an incandescent lamp?
    just a measure of how bright the lamp
  113. The smaller the filment the ____ the output but ___ shorter the life
    greater, shorter
  114. Lumens
    measurement of the output of a lamp
  115. Footcandle
    measures the amount of light falling on a given area
  116. 1 footcandle = __ lumen
    1
  117. Angle of ____ = angle of reflection
    incidence
  118. Name and describe the four reflectors
    • Spherical reflector - shaped like part of a sphere (used in fresenel)
    • Ellipsodial Reflector - partial conical ellipse with two focal points
    • Parabolic reflector - shaped like a conical parabola (used in PAR)
    • Comboination Reflector
  119. What are the two reflector materials
    Metal and glass

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