SKELETAL SYSTEM

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Anonymous
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5596
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SKELETAL SYSTEM
Updated:
2010-01-29 21:34:07
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SKELETAL
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SKELETAL
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  1. SKELETAL SYSTEM IS COMPOSED OF?
    ORGANS CALLED BONES
  2. THE TWO SECTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM ARE:
    AXIAL: SPINAL COLUMN, SKULL AND RIB CAGE

    APPENDICULAR: ARMS, HANDS, LEGS, FEET, SHOULDER AND PELVIS
  3. WHAT IS THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM:
    TO SUPPORT BODY
  4. THE MAIN MINERALS IN THE SKELETAL SYSTEM ARE:
    CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS, AND MAGNESIUM
  5. ARTICULATING
    CONNECTING (JOINTS)
  6. PERIOSTEUM
    A TOUGH MEMBRANE THAT COVERS THE SURFACE OF THE BONE
  7. HOW MANY BONES DOES A BABY HAVE AT BIRTH?
    270
  8. AS AN ADULT WE HAVE HOW MANY BONES?
    206
  9. COCCYX
    TAILBONE
  10. THE SMALLEST BONES IN THE BODY ARE?
    IN THE EARS, MALLEUS, INCUS AND STAPES
  11. SIX FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM?
    • 1. SUPPORT BODY
    • 2. PROTECT VITAL ORGANS
    • 3. POINTS OF ATTACHMENT FOR SKELETAL MUSCLES
    • 4. GIVE SHAPE TO THE BODY
    • 5. VITAL - PROVIDES FORMATION OF WHITE AND RED BLOOD CELLS AND THE PLATELETS
    • 6. BONES STORE MOST OF THE BODIES CALCIUM
  12. WHAT IS CALCIUM IMPORTANT FOR?
    FOR THE HEART TO BEAT AND FOR THE MUSCLES TO CONTRACT AND BLOOD TO CLOT.
  13. CERVICAL
    NECK (IN VERTEBRAE)
  14. THORATIC
    CHEST (IN VERTABRAE)
  15. LUMBAR
    BACK (VERTABRAE)
  16. SACRAL
    POSTERIOR PELVIC GIRLDE (VERTEBRAE)
  17. COCCYGEAL
    TAIL BONE
  18. THE SKULL IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PORTIONS:
    CRANIAL AND FACIAL PORTIONS
  19. THE CRANIUM IS MADE UP OF?
    IT IS THE FUSION OF 8 CRANIAL BONES
  20. FRONTAL
    FOREHEAD AND UPPER EYE SOCKETS (CRANIAL BONE)
  21. MANDIBLE
    LOWER JAW
  22. MAXILLA
    UPPER JAW
  23. ZYGOMATIC
    CHEEK BONES
  24. CLAVICLE
    COLLAR BONE (PART OF THE THORATIC AREA)
  25. SCAPULA
    SHOULDER BLADE (POSTERIORLY) PART OF THE THORACTIC AREA
  26. XIPHOID PROCESS
    INFERIOR PORTION OF THE STERNUM
  27. FEMUR
    THIGH BONE, LONGEST BONE IN THE BODY
  28. TIBIA
    SHIN BONE
  29. FIBULA
    BEHIND THE TIBIA
  30. PATELLA
    KNEE BONE
  31. HUMERUS
    BEHIND ELBOW
  32. RADIUS
    THUMB TO ELBOW
  33. ULNA
    PINKY TO ELBOW
  34. CARPALS
    THE 8 BONES IN THE WRIST
  35. TARSALS
    7 BONES IN THE ANKLE
  36. METACARPALS
    PALM OF HAND HAS 5
  37. METATARSALS
    5 BONES IN THE INSTEP OF THE FOOT
  38. PHALANGES
    FINGERS AND TOES
  39. ARTICULATION
    JOINTS
  40. LIGAMENTS
    CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT HOLDS LONG BONES TOGETHER
  41. DIARTHROSIS AND SYNOVIAL
    MOVEABLE JOINTS
  42. SYNOVIAL FLUID
    LUBRICATES THE JOINTS TO AVOID FRICTION.
  43. GREENSTICK FRACTURE
    CRACKED BONE, BUT NOT BROKE
  44. SIMPLE FRACTURE
    A BREAK BUT DOES NOT INVOLVE SKIN
  45. COMPOUND FRACTURE
    BREAK AND THROUGH SKIN, POSSIBLE INFECTION
  46. IMPACTED FRACTURE
    THE BROKEN ENDS OF THE BONE ARE JAMMED INTO EACHOTHER
  47. COMMINUTED FRACTURE
    MORE THAN ONE FRACTURE LINE WITH SEVERAL BONE FRAGMENTS.
  48. DEPRESSED FRACTURE
    MAY OCCUR WITH SEVERE HEAD INJURIES IN WHICH A BROKEN PIECE OF SKULL IS DRIVEN INWARD
  49. WHEN TREATING FRACTURES
    • IMMOBOLIZE
    • PREVENT SHOCK
    • ELEVATE
    • ICE
  50. TRACTION
    • THE ACT OF PULLING THE MUSCLES AND BONE BACK INTO ALIGNMENT PRIOR TO SETTING IT
    • *THIS IS KNOWN AS REDUCING THE FRACTURE.
  51. HYPOXIA
    LACK OF OXYGEN
  52. ARTHROSCOPY
    VISUAL INSPECTION
  53. COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
    CT SCAN, SPECIAL X-RAY (THE XRAY MOVES AROUND THE PATIENT)
  54. MAGNETIC RESONANCE
    MRI

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