Card Set Information
What are the 5 areas of marine research?
Identify bioactive compounds produced by marine organisms
Understanding environmental factors, nutritional requirements, and genetic factors that control the production of primary and secondary metabolites
Improve health, reproduction, growth, and cultivation of marine organism
Developing bioremediation tools
What is the use of Aquaculture?
Maintain populations of endangered marine organisms
Marketable marine organisms
What are the 2 ways of making triploids?
Diploid with a haploid
Tetraploide with diploid
What affects marine animal health?
Protozoans, Bacteria, Virus and Fungi
How does biotechnology help marine animal health?
Early disease detection
Development and applying new antibiotics
Development of pathogen free animals
What are the 3 types of algae?
Green, Red, Brown
What are the benefits of marine organisms to agriculture?
Cyanobacteria (dried flakes) used as fertilizers
What methods are available to create transgenic fish?
Electroporation (shock to open membrane)
Injection through Micropyle
What is the most studied fish?
Salmon and catfish
What are the environmental concerns for transgenic fish?
What are 2 goals of genomics?
Assembly of physical and genetic maps of genomes of different organisms.
Find location and explain genes
What are the four categories of genetic disorder?
What should be considered for a disease to be a candidate for gene therapy?
Caused by single, well studied and understood gene.
What are vectors?
Anything that carries DNA into a cell
What are the types of viral vectors?
Retrovirus, Adenovirus, adeno-associated virus
What are the nonviral vectors?
Electroporation, microinjections, biolistics, liposomes
What are several types of clinical trials?
Diagnostic- identifies better tests for diagnosis
Treatment- tests new therapies and drugs
Prevention- ways to prevent disease
Quality of life- improve well being of chronically ill
Screening- detect specific diseases
What are the different types of stem cells?
Embroyonic- before differentiation
Fetal- some differentiation
Umbilical cord blood cell- Multipotent
What is VNTR used for?
What is the method of choice for DNA typing?
What are the uses of RFLP?
Forensics, Screening for diseases
What is single nucleotide polymorphism?
Most are nucleotide substitution