Biotech Final

Card Set Information

Author:
icimmy
ID:
55978
Filename:
Biotech Final
Updated:
2010-12-14 17:20:39
Tags:

Folders:

Description:
Ch 8-11
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user icimmy on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the 5 areas of marine research?
    • Identify bioactive compounds produced by marine organisms
    • Understanding environmental factors, nutritional requirements, and genetic factors that control the production of primary and secondary metabolites
    • Improve health, reproduction, growth, and cultivation of marine organism
    • Developing bioremediation tools
  2. What is the use of Aquaculture?
    • Maintain populations of endangered marine organisms
    • Marketable marine organisms
  3. What are the 2 ways of making triploids?
    • Diploid with a haploid
    • Tetraploide with diploid
  4. What affects marine animal health?
    Protozoans, Bacteria, Virus and Fungi
  5. How does biotechnology help marine animal health?
    • Early disease detection
    • Development and applying new antibiotics
    • Development of pathogen free animals
  6. What are the 3 types of algae?
    Green, Red, Brown
  7. What are the benefits of marine organisms to agriculture?
    • Cyanobacteria (dried flakes) used as fertilizers
    • Valuable genes
  8. What methods are available to create transgenic fish?
    • Electroporation (shock to open membrane)
    • Microinjection
    • Injection through Micropyle
  9. What is the most studied fish?
    Salmon and catfish
  10. What are the environmental concerns for transgenic fish?
    Contamination
  11. What are 2 goals of genomics?
    • Assembly of physical and genetic maps of genomes of different organisms.
    • Find location and explain genes
  12. What are the four categories of genetic disorder?
    • Single-gene disorders
    • Multi-gene disorders
    • Mitochondrial
    • Chromosome abnormalities
  13. What should be considered for a disease to be a candidate for gene therapy?
    Caused by single, well studied and understood gene.
  14. What are vectors?
    Anything that carries DNA into a cell
  15. What are the types of viral vectors?
    Retrovirus, Adenovirus, adeno-associated virus
  16. What are the nonviral vectors?
    Electroporation, microinjections, biolistics, liposomes
  17. What are several types of clinical trials?
    • Diagnostic- identifies better tests for diagnosis
    • Treatment- tests new therapies and drugs
    • Prevention- ways to prevent disease
    • Quality of life- improve well being of chronically ill
    • Screening- detect specific diseases
  18. What are the different types of stem cells?
    • Embroyonic- before differentiation
    • Fetal- some differentiation
    • Umbilical cord blood cell- Multipotent
    • Adult- Multipotent
  19. What is VNTR used for?
    Fingerprinting
  20. What is the method of choice for DNA typing?
    STR-based
  21. What are the uses of RFLP?
    Forensics, Screening for diseases
  22. What is single nucleotide polymorphism?
    • Most are nucleotide substitution
    • Detect mutations

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview