Theory Final

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Author:
sweetpea281
ID:
55982
Filename:
Theory Final
Updated:
2010-12-14 19:35:41
Tags:
Infection Control
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Description:
Infection Control: Clinical Procedures/Sterilization
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  1. what are gluataldehydes used for?
    immersion disinfectants (not surface)
  2. what are three types of sterilization methods?
    • steam autoclave
    • dry heat
    • chemical vapor sterilizer
  3. which type of sterilization is moist heat under pressure?
    steam autoclaving
  4. which sterilization method uses 250 degrees F, pressure 15 lbs for 15 minutes?
    steam autoclave
  5. what sterilization method is described as inexpensive, quick and economical?
    steam autoclave
  6. what are the disadvantages to steam autoclaving?
    • corrosive
    • not useful for oils or powders
  7. what sterilization method uses oxidation?
    dry heat
  8. what sterilization method uses 320 degrees F for 2 hours?
    dry heat
  9. what are the disadvantages to dry heat?
    time and high temp
  10. t/f dry heat can be used for oils, powders and burs
    true dat
  11. what sterilization method is a combo of alcohols, formaldehyde, ketone water, acetone heated under pressure to produce a gas that is effective as a sterilizing agent?
    chemical vapor sterilizer
  12. which type of sterilization uses tep of 260-270 under 20-40 lbs of pressure for 20 minutes?
    chemical vapor sterilizer
  13. what are the advantages to chemical sterilizer?
    • corrosion free
    • short time
    • easy to use
  14. what are three types of sterilization indicators?
    • external chemical indicator
    • internal chemical indicator
    • biologic monitor
  15. what are vials, ampoules or strips examples of?
    biologic monitors
  16. what bacteria is used on chemical vapor strips?
    geobacillus stearothermophilus (say that ten times fast)
  17. what bacteria is used on dry heat strips
    bacillus atropheus
  18. when do you run your water lines?
    start of day, end of day and between patients
  19. what is the waterline maintenance at the start and end of the day?
    2 minutes
  20. how long must your run your lines between patients?
    30 seconds
  21. what is the proper order for processing instruments? (7)
    • instrument cleaning (ultrasonic)
    • rinse and dry
    • package
    • seal
    • sterilize
    • store package
    • use in clinic
  22. what are the three classifications for inanimate objects?
    • critical
    • semi-critical
    • non-critical
  23. what classification is an object that penetrates the soft tissue or bone? what must be done with the instrument after use?
    • critical
    • dispose or sterilize
  24. what classification is an object that doesn't penetrate the mucus membrane? what must be done with it after use?
    • semi-critical
    • sterilize or high disinfectant
  25. what classification is an object that doesn't touch the mucus membrane? what must be done with it after use?
    • non critical
    • intermediate level disinfection
  26. what are the three approved effective disinfectants?
    • iodophors
    • sodium hypochlorite
    • complex phenols

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