Garden Jargon

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Garden Jargon
2010-12-14 17:43:38
garden words jargon

list of gardening terms i should know
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  1. annual
    this type of plant has it's complete life cycle, seed to seed, during a single season and then dies at the end of the season. ex: marigolds and zinnias
  2. biennial
    it takes this plant two seasons to go from seed to seed. dev roots and leaves first season and grow flowers and set seeds during second. die at end of second season.
  3. bracts
    coloful leaves surrounding the flower. ex: poinsettia
  4. bulbs
    any plant with an enlarged underground storage organ.
  5. cotyledon (cot-el-LEE-dun)
    place inside seeds that contain the nutrients needed to grow which are wrapped around the embryo within the seed. in many plants the cotyledon opens to form transitionary leaves.
  6. crown
    the spot where its roots and stems meet.
  7. cultivar
    the variety. a plant that has been selected or bred to have a specific trait or traits different from other members of its species and that has been given a unique name.
  8. deadhead
    when an annual plant finishes making seed for the season it will stop flowering because it has completed its biological mission of reproducing. you can keep the plant blooming longer by plucking off flowers that have passed their prime.
  9. direct seed
    planting seeds outside right where you want them to grow
  10. dividing
    can make 2 or more plants from dividing or breaking it into several pieces. rec for certain perrenials like hostas. best during dormant period while plant is inactive.
  11. "double" flowers
    all in the petals. single flowers like daisies have one row of petals around the blossom's center. Double have a second or third or forth ring of petals completely overlapping the first. if don't overlap called "semi-double."
  12. foliage
    plants leaves
  13. grafting
    process of splitting parts of two or more plants together to make one plant.
  14. habit
    a plants habit is its direction of growth. plants that grow up have an upright habit. one that grows along the ground has a 'prostrate' habit
  15. heeling in
    you get a new tree/shrub but the place you want to plant it isnt ready. keeping it healthy until you plant it. put plants rootball in soil and cover it lightly. water occasionally and plant can stay there for quite a while (weeks even months)
  16. humus
    • 1) any organic matter like leaves or wood chips.
    • 2) organic matter that has decomposed to the degree that its no longer distinguishable from soil
  17. hybrid
    plants that grow from cross-pollintaed seeds. next generation called f1 hybrids are uniform like parents. however seeds from f1 will not grow a uniform next generation
  18. inflorescence (in-FLOOR-es-sense)
    a way to describe a flower that is made of many flowers
  19. loam
    soil that contains silt, sand and clay (major components of well balanced soil)
  20. naturalize
    a bulb that adapts well to the kind of soil you have, your winter and summer temps and the amount of light it gets.
  21. N-P-K
    • Nitrogen
    • Phosporous
    • Potassium
  22. Perennial
    live longer than 2 years (even through frozen winters)
  23. pinch back
    • helps direct their growth, make it bushier.
    • soft pinch=half inch
    • hard pinch=inch

    do before plant has committed to flowering
  24. pollination
    • plant sex
    • for the plant to produce seed, tiny dust-like grains of pollen contained in the anthers (male organ) must reach the stigma, where they burst open and release sperm that fertilize the egg within the ovary (female organ)
  25. self seeding
    annual and biennials that produce and drop seeds where they are growing. hollyhocks
  26. sport
    desirable trait created by spontaneous mutation of cells
  27. stolon
    underground stem on which new plants grow
  28. sucker
    a bud that forms and grows into a branch in the crotch between another branch and the main stem
  29. taproot
    the first root many plants put down when they germinate grows straight down into the soil and is like a stem that all the other roots grow from
  30. tissue culture
    process of reproducing a plant in the laboratory into replicas of the original plant
  31. variegated
    leaves that have different colors...if genetically created.