theory previous questions

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jackiedh
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55989
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theory previous questions
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2010-12-14 21:56:37
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theory final questions
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theory previous questions for final
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  1. deferral of treatment may legally be done when a pt has what two things?
    • active TB
    • OR
    • Herpetic lesion
  2. __________ _________ is shed with exfoliated surface cells or with skin gland secretions
    resident bacteria
  3. what are routes of tuberculosis? (3)
    • inhalation
    • inoculation
    • mucous membranes
  4. what are 3 approved disinfectants?
    • iodophors
    • sodium hypochlorite
    • complex phenols
  5. glutaraldehydes should/should not be used as a surface disinfectant? which one?
    should NOT!
  6. one of the key rule concerns of oral health education is _____ HIPPA
    NOT
  7. in a dry heat sterilizer, timing does/does not begin with the sterilizer is turned on
    does NOT!
  8. handwashing and disinfecting may break the chain of disease transmission by __________ an infectious agent
    inactivating
  9. herpes virus remains ________ in the nerves and is triggered by _________, dental _________, and ________.
    • latent
    • stress
    • trauma
    • sunlight
  10. T/F herpes 1 can be on the lips, genitals, fingers, and eyes.
    True! (geni touched her finger, lip and eye, ew!)
  11. what is the size of a TB particle?
    0.5-1um
  12. if someone has hypertension, put them in _______ position
    supine
  13. shoulders are ________ for a clinician to be in neutral position
    parallel
  14. type ____ hypersensitivity is a delayed reaction where contact dermatitis develops in 6-72 hours after latex exposure
    IV
  15. T/F cross contamination can happen person to person
    True!
  16. the time an infectious agent can be transferred directly, indirectly or person to person is called:
    communicable period
  17. where do invading organisms live and multiply?
    reservior
  18. burning, slight stinging sensations that occur before herpes virus is called:
    prodrome
  19. when a patient is gasping or wheezing, they are experiencing:
    an asthma attack!
  20. malignancy may be present but the sample is examined in the smear or biopsy may have included cancerous cells is a ________ _______
    false negative!
  21. class IV means to ______ for biopsy
    refer
  22. the JE keeps the ________ out!
    infection
  23. hemorrhage spot pinhead to pinpoint size is called:
    petichia (my pet chia is a little pinhead)
  24. red area of variable size and shape reaction to irritation, radiation, or injury is called
    erythema
  25. growing outward is called:
    exophytic
  26. hardened is called:
    indurated
  27. resembling a small, nipple-shaped projection or elevation is called:
    papillary (check out my pill shaped nipple)
  28. a tumor is ___CM or greater in width
    2 cm
  29. a general swelling or enlargement and does not refer to neoplasm, either benign or malignant is a:
    tumor. as arnold would say....it's a TUMA
  30. large, more than 1 cm, filled with fluid (mucin or serum) but may contain blood. the color depends on the fluid content, what is it?
    Bulla
  31. this may be more or less than 5mm in diameter, it contains pus and the pus gives it a yellowish color
    pustule (cool kids ride on the short 5mm pus bus)
  32. a small pinhead to 5mm, solid lesion that may be pointed, rounded, or flat-topped, what am i?
    i am a papule! (a cervix can be pointed, rounded, or flat topped, from the view of performing a pap)
  33. small, 1 cm or less, white, contains mucin or serum, what am i?
    a white VESICLE that is small, 1 cm or less and contains mucin or serum. yummy yummy!
  34. what is the objective of an oral cancer screening?
    to be a hero! to detect cancer of the mouth at earliest stage possible
  35. which professionals are the #1 line of defense in oral cancers?
    dental professionals
  36. where is the most common place for neoplasms?
    • floor or the mouth
    • lateral borders of the tongue
    • lower lip
    • soft palate
  37. T/F neoplasms arise at any site in the oral cavity
    you better believe it!
  38. rough, wartlike is called:
    verrucous (verrucou salts her wart, like in the movie willy wonka)
  39. T/F a swelling, lump, growth anywhere without pain is usually not a sign of oral cancer
    false i say! IT IS!
  40. what has a base as wide as the lesion itself?
    sessile
  41. what lesion is attached by a narrow stalk?
    predunculated
  42. a loose membranous layer of exudate containing organisms, precipitated fibrin, necrotic cells, and inflammatory cells produced during an inflammatory reaction on the surface of a tissue is called:
    pseudomembrane
  43. treatment of early disease is _________ prevention
    secondary (second best!)
  44. who is the father of dental hygiene?
    alfred c fones
  45. what are the 5 steps of the dental hygiene processes of care?
    • assessments
    • diagnosis
    • planning
    • implementation
    • evaluation
  46. T/F assessments include objective and subjective data collection
    TRUE MATEY!
  47. what is the expected outcome of treatment called?
    prognosis
  48. endodontists, public health and prosthodontists are examples of ________ ________ (according to mendenhall...)
    dental specialties (public health, whateva, just put it!)
  49. a macule is/is not elevated, which one?
    a macule is NOT elevated (like a freckle!)
  50. an intraoral and extraoral exam detects cancer at ___ ____
    any age
  51. any growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane is called:
    polyp
  52. a bony elevation or prominence usually located on the midline of the hard palate and the lingual surface of the mandible in the premolar area is termed:
    torus
  53. a problem that involves 2 morally correct choices or courses of action is an _______ ________
    ethical dilemma
  54. the act of self-determination by persons with the ability to make a choice or decision. This exists for both the patient and the dental hygienist. what is it called?
    autonomy
  55. the skills, understanding and professional values of an individual ready for beginning dental hygiene practice is called:
    competency
  56. if it is truly prevented, it is called _______ prevention
    primary
  57. the treatment or early disease to prevent further progress of potentially irreversible conditions that if not arrested can lead to extensive rehabilitative treatment or even loss of teeth. this is called:
    secondary prevention
  58. _______ is oxygen deficiency; a reduction of oxygen in the tissues can lead to deep respirations, cyanosis, increased pulse rate, and impairment of coordination
    anoxia
  59. ___________ is an unusually slow heartbeat evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate
    bradycardia<50bpm
  60. listening for sounds produced within the body; may be performed directly or with a stethoscope. this is called:
    auscultation
  61. __________ is systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHG or greater and diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHG or greater
    hypertension
  62. __________sounds are heard during the determination of blood pressure; sounds originating within the blood passing through the vessel or produced by vibratory motion of the arterial wall
    KOROTKOFF (in the systolic phase)
  63. the use of finger and thumb of the same hand is called:
    bidigital
  64. the use of single finger is called:
    digital
  65. the use of fingers and thumb from each hand applied simultaneously in coordination is called:
    bimanual (both hands have to coordinate to drive a manual)
  66. two hands used at the same time to examine corresponding structures on opposite sides of the body is called:
    bilateral
  67. science that deals with form and structure is called:
    morphology
  68. motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve, esp spasm of the masticatory muscles with difficulty in opening the mouth
    trismus (all i want for trismus is my two front teeth)
  69. the constant presence of disease or infectious agent within a geographic area. this is called:
    endemic
  70. an _______ can be solid or liquid form
    AEROSOL
  71. widespread epidemic usually affecting the population of an extensive region, several countries, or sometimes the entire globe
    pandemic (panda express is around the entire globe, countries, affecting the population)
  72. ________ is a widespread occurrence of cases of an illness in a community or region; greater than the expected number of cases for the particular population
    EPIDEMIC (the bar had a greater than expected number for the particular population and had to ID them all)
  73. _________ is an injection by route other than the alimentary tract, such as subcutaneous, intramuscular, or intravenous
    parenteral
  74. any new and abnormal growth, specifically one in which cell multiplication is controlled and progressive; may be benign or malignant. what is it?
    neoplasm

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